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Youth Volunteer's Orientation Course
Transcript of Youth Volunteer's Orientation Course
the Red Cross
Youth Volunteers' Orientation Course
June 24, 1859
War between France and Austria
350,000 soldiers involved
40,000 wounded and dying
No organized medical system
JEAN HENRI DUNANT
Father of Red Cross
born on May 8, 1828
WORLD RED CROSS DAY
JEAN HENRI DUNANT
organized volunteers to assist the wounded.
CHURCH OF CASTIGLIONE
"SIAMO TUTTI FRATELLI"
(We Are All Brothers)
“A Memory of Solferino”
was published in November 1862 by Henri Dunant with two main ideas:
To establish in each country a Relief Society composed of volunteers, distinguished and reputable persons who will take care of the wounded in times of war
COMMITTEE OF FIVE
INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
LAW OF ARMED CONFLICT
to protect those, who are not, or no longer taking part in the fighting
to limit the means and methods of warfare
To promote an agreement, international in character, protecting the wounded soldiers in the battlefield and those who care for them.
PRINCIPLES OF INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
THE FOUR GENEVA CONVENTIONS
The Four Geneva Conventions of 12 August 1949 and the two Additional Protocols of 1977 are diplomatic agreements between Sovereign States
3. Protects the Prisoners of War (1929)
: Deals with international
conflicts- wars between states.
: Deals with internal conflict
or civil war.
: Third Emblem (Red Crystal)
The sign and the words
protected under Republic Act 10072 and the Geneva Conventions
The Red Cross Symbol
AFP Medical Service
Philippine Red Cross
International Committee of the Red Cross
International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies
Proper Uses of the Symbol
a visible sign of protection
granted by the Geneva Conventions
in times of armed conflict
in times of armed conflicts or peacetime, shows that a person/object is connected with the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement (PRC, ICRC, Federation)
Misuse of the Symbol
unauthorized use by persons or institutions
use of signs that may be confused with the emblem
marking of armed combatants or military equipment in wartime for protection
Common Violations of RA 10072
Symbol of Safety
Fashion/ Commercial Use
Medical/ First Aid sign
Private/ Public Ambulances
(Not owned by AFP and Red Cross)
Penalties may include imprisonment / penalty to be decided by a civil court
symbols have the same meaning
to help lessen human suffering brought
by armed conflicts and natural disasters.
The Red Crystal (right side) was adopted
at the 29th International Conference
"We serve people but not systems"
The International Movement, born of a desire
to bring assistance without discrimination to the wounded on the battlefield, endeavors to prevent and alleviate human suffering wherever it may be found.
No discrimination as to Nationality, Race, Religious beliefs,
Class or Political opinions. It endeavour's to relieve
the suffering of individuals, being guided solely
by their needs, and to give priority to
the most urgent cases of distress
"We care for everyone without discrimination
but we prioritize the most needy"
"We take initiatives but never take sides"
does not take sides in hostilities
does not engage in controversies of a political,
racial, religious or ideological nature.
"We bow to needs but not to any person"
Is an auxiliary to the humanitarian services
Must maintain its autonomy
so as to act at all times in accordance
with Red Cross principles.
"We work around the clock but never for personal gain"
It is a voluntary relief movement not prompted
in any manner by a desire for gain.
"We have many talents but a single idea "
Only one Red Cross Society in any country.
It must carry one emblem in its humanitarian work throughout its territory. It is open to ALL
"We respect nations but our works knows no bounds "
The Red Cross is worldwide.
All National Societies have:
** equal status
** equal responsibilities
**equal duty to help each other
express the objectives of the Movement.
ensure access to those in need of help.
enables the International Red Cross and Red Crescent Movement to work effectively all over the world.
WHEN DOES IHL APPLY?
THE INTERNATIONAL HUMANITARIAN LAW
1. Protects the wounded and sick soldiers in the field. (1864)
4. Protects Civilians. (1949)
2. Protects the wounded, sick and shipwrecked among the armed forces at sea. (1907)
BATTLE OF SOLFERINO
RA 9851 (IHL)
August 12 IHL Day