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Mongol Empire

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Marisa Carbone

on 30 November 2012

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Transcript of Mongol Empire

Mongol Empire Geography The Mongol Empire was the largest empire in history. The Mongols were located the majority of the land from South East Asia to Eastern Europe. 12.7 Million Square Miles
Cities in the Mongol Empire:
Karakorum (Capital)
Moscow The Mongol Empire was found in 1206 by Genghis Khan. Genghis was the first ruler for the empire. In 1227 Genghis died, the empire was split between his four sons. 1350's the Khanates were in a state of fracture and had lost the organization of Genghis. Eventually the separate Khanates drifted from each other. Genghis Khan Religions Islam Buddhism Christianity There wasn't one religion they all went by. The Empire expanded which adds more land, with more people, with their own religion. Actually the Mongols had their own religion called Shamanism but it didn't spread. Government Government type: Hereditary Ruler (Descending from an ancestor,passing down by inheritance)
Cheifs and Generals: Chosen by merit and religious tolerance
Genghis made a code of law called Yasa meaning "order decree"
Crimes: blood feuds, adultery, theft, lying, betrayal, sorcery, disobedience, and urinating or doing laundry in running water. Social Classes The Mongol Empire had a four class system. Mongolians on top, second Semu, third Han, and forth Southerners. Punishments given were different; lower class worst. Mongolian people adopted a tight control towards the Han and Southerners. These classes were forbidden to possess any weapon or raise any dogs or eagles. Trade The Silk Road, once established the Mongol Empire became a peaceful political environment that allowed increase communication and trade between the West, Middle east, and Asia. By: Marisa Carbone 1206-1368 Mongolians Semu Han Southerners 1368 Yuan Dynasty overthrown
by Ming Dynasty, this is considered the end of the Mongol World Empire. communication Their language today is described as Altaic, a language unrelated to Chinese, derived from inhabitants in the Altay mountain range in western Mongolia. A language unrelated to Chinese. Housing The ger or yurt is the traditional housing of the Mongols. It can be taken apart and carried on horseback, thus being suitable for nomadic life. The yurt is round with an umbrella-like cover. The qana (walls) are made of lattice. The wall sections are held together with leather lacing. The roof ring is a usually a large hoop to which the wall sections and roof poles are attached. The door is usually constructed of wood, and is always positioned to face the southwest. Jobs Jobs for the Mongolians were related to:
-construction Invasions The Mongol Empire has a history of invading:

-Invasions and conquest of Rus' lands
-Invasion into Central Europe
-Invasion of the Kingdom of Hungary
-Invasion of the Kingdom of Croatia
-Impact on Romanians
-Against Poland
-Against Lithuania
-Against Byzantine Thrace
-Against Bulgaria
-Against the Kingdom of Hungary
-Against Serbia
-and more Art -Drawing
-Handmade Felt
-Sculpting They would display their art on rocks, cliffs, wood, anything around them they used to make art. After defeating the last king of the Naiman tribe and capturing his seal-bearer,the Uyghur scribe. Chinggis Khaan instructed the Mongol scholars to adapt the Uyghur script for their own use to codify the Mongol Law and write the History of the Mongol empire. Tatatungga was ordered to educate the Mongol scholars and young nobels to read and write the Mongolian language with the Uyghur script. Technology The mongols introduced gunpowder cannons, bamboo rockets, and grenades to the battlefield. They improved the technology of making paper. The End Slavery -army
-sold to pay debts
-criminal and family government slaves
-household servants
-construction (Yuan Dynasty) The Semu were not a self-defined and homogeneous ethnic group, but one of the four castes of the Yuan Dynast Imperial dynasty that ruled China (most of the time from 206 BC to AD 220) establishment trade routes including the link to the West known as the "Silk Road. The Mongols. People of the former Northern Song Dynasty
(1127 - 1279) Rise and Fall 1259-1294 Events between rise and fall dates -Kublai is appointed khagan
-Declared Buddhism the state religion
- Invaded Georgia
-Kublai Khan moves the Mongol capital to Dadu (Beijing) and founds the Yuan dynasty
-Failed to invade Japan
-Failed to invade Java
-1294: Kublai Khan dies and the empire seperates in khanates: Sarai in the west (descendants of Batu, the "Golden Horde"), Beijing in the east (the Yuan), Sultaniyeh in Persia (the Ilkhan Sultanate, descendants of Hulegu) and the Chaghatai Khanate in the center
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