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Medicine in WW1

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tenten saksritawee

on 22 November 2013

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Transcript of Medicine in WW1

Medicine/Disease in WW1
Types of
physical diseases
Influenza(H1N1) - Was a deadly disease. It infected 500 million people and killed 3-5% of the world population at that time. This made it one of the deadliest disease of the time. There was no way to cure and protect from the Influenza virus.
Types of
psychological
diseases
Shell shock- A mind problem that usually soldiers got from the war. 35% of the soldiers that came back from the war were shell shocked and only a few of them received treatment by psychologists. Of these soldiers only a few could become mentally normal. Soldiers could get shell shock by standing on the front lines and later remembering how horrible it was when they returned home.
Animals
that
carry
diseases
Lice caused a sickness called trench fever during WWI. Trench fever started with severe pain all over the body and was followed by a high fever, headaches, and giddiness. It required a recovery period of two-three months. It wasn’t until 1918 that doctors discovered that lice transmitted Trench Fever. Lice sucked the blood from a person that was infected by trench fever and then spread the disease to other people.

Rats could be found almost everywhere you looked. They would run around in groups eating human remains, dead insects, and anything else that would fit into their mouths. Rats carried diseases by eating things that had bacteria and spread to humans in many ways. Some of the rats were so well fed that they grew to almost the same size as a cat!
Trench Foot- is a medical condition caused by dirty feet. It is caused by the foot staying cold and wet for a long time. Trench foot was a big problem in the trenches of WW I because soliders found it hard to put boots on when they got trench foot disease.

Types of
Medicine
In WWI

Penicillin - it is used in the treatment or prevention of many different bacterial infections. It is well known in medicine as one of the first types of antibiotics used for major infections and diseases.
Opium- Was used as a pain-reliever, antispasmodic, and a sleeping aid.
Sandalwood oil- Sandalwood essential oil was used in medicine for the treatment of mental disorders. It was also used for high pulse rate, and blood pressure.
Ibuprofen was used to reduce swelling and for pain relief.

Morphine was used for people who had been shot, and those who were in a lot of pain. It is a very powerful painkiller but also highly addictive.
Poor health and death from disease- The physical examinations of U.S. employees for the war revealed that many of the general public had poor health. More than one-third of the young men who were join the military were rejected on medical grounds. Many of these rejected men had problems that could have been cured if they took the time for proper medical attention. Sixty-three thousand soldiers and sailors died from diseases.
Poor health and death from disease
Elephantiasis-is a disease that carried by worms - it can make your skin rough, thick, and cause swelling of the body.

Cannabis has been used in medicine for a long time. It’s used for pain relief and also has many other uses.
References:
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Elephantiasis
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Trench_foot
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Shell_shockhttp://ncpedia.org/wwi-medicine-battlefield
http://www.sciencemuseum.org.uk/broughttolife/themes/war/warzone.aspx
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/1918_flu_pandemic
http://virus.stanford.edu/uda/

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