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Disorders of the Skeletal System

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by

rebecca Clayton

on 7 August 2016

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Transcript of Disorders of the Skeletal System

Disorders of the Skeletal System
Arthritis
Gout
Osteoporosis
Rickets
Spinal efects
Skeletal Trauma
Disorders of the Skeletal System
Gout
Acute
Cause
Swelling of joints
Due to build up of Uric Acid crystals
Treatment:
Steroids or Anti-inflammatory drugs
Can also affect elbow joints
Osteoporosis
Rickets
Cause
Lack of Vitamin D
Soft Bones
Typically affects children
Treatment
Sufficient Calcium, Vitamin D, sunlight
Other points
Occurrence less but still present in third world countries
Can lead to poor posture and gait
Leads to bone deformities such as bowlegs or pigeon toed
Spinal Defects
Kyphosis
Lordosis
Scoliosis
Skeletal Trauma
Dislocation
Fracture
Closed/Simple
Greenstick
Open/Compound
Comminuted
Sprain
Arthritis
Break apart the work
arthr/o- joint
itis-inflammation
Two Types
Osteoarthritis
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Degenerative
80% Americans diagnosed
Articular cartilage breaks down forming bone spurs
Joints swell causing pain
Osteoarthritis
Chronic
Autoimmune
Inflammation of connective tissue thickening synovial membrane and calcium build up in joints
Painful due to swelling and fusing
Cause unknown
Rheumatoid Arthritis
Treatment Arthritis
No cure
Anti-inflammatory drugs help with pain and swelling
Glucosamine & Chrondrotin Sulfate supplements
COX-2 inhibitors like Vioxx and Celebrex
Enbrel injections with hyaluronic acid are provided to lubricate joints and help pain
Alternative Treatments like Vitamins aromatherapy, copper braclets, and magnets are used
Hunchback
Thoracic vertebra curvature
Kyphosis
Swayback
Lumbar vertebra curvature
Lordosis
Side to side verterbral curvature
Scolosis
Bone density is decreased 80-35%
Bones become thin and frail
Diagnoses:
X-ray (have to have >30% bone loss)
Calcuim levels
Treatment:
Prevention
Calcium supplements
Exercise
Estrogen (hormone)
Think why old people shrink?
More common in women
Usually gets big old toe
Bone broken but only internal

Treatment
Closed Reduction-manual manipulation and placed in cast or splint
Closed/Simple Fracture
Bone looks split but is not completely broke all the way

What population is susceptible to this type of fracture?
Greenstick Fracture
Most serious
Consider why?

Bone is broken and protruding through the skin with external wound

Open Reduction
Surgical procedure to place wires, screws, plates to repair and stabilize bones
Open/Compound
Bone breaks in many pieces and embeds in surrounding tissue

May also require open reduction

Traction
pulling force to hold bone in place
Comminuted
Sudden unusual movement causing ligaments to tear

Causes rapid swelling and pain

Treated with non steroid anti-inflammatory and RICE
Sprain
Bone is displaced in joint causing torn or stretched ligament

Treated with bone reduction or repositioning

Subluxation- partial dislocation or misalignment
Dislocation
Full transcript