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Introduction to Animal Farm
Transcript of Introduction to Animal Farm
by George Orwell George Orwell
Journalist 1903-1950 Noted as a
novelist and critic, as well as political and cultural commentator One of the most
essayist of the
20th century. Best known for
Stalinism in particular:
1984 "Liberty is telling
they do not want
-George Orwell Born in India George Orwell
Beliefs Orwell had a reputation of
and even made
detachment. This "outsider"
often led him to
oppose the crowd. Orwell's beliefs about politics were affected by his experiences fighting in the Spanish Civil War. He viewed socialists, communists, and fascists as repressive and self-serving. He was skeptical of governments willingness to forsake ideas in favor of power. Why Animals? In explaining how he came to write Animal Farm, Orwell says that he once saw a little boy whipping a horse and later he wrote: "It struck me that if only such animals became aware of their strength we should have no power over them, and that men exploit animals in much the same way as the rich exploit the [worker]." George Orwell's real name was Eric Blair. What is
Farm? A masterpiece of political satire, Animal Farm is the tale of oppressed individuals who long for freedom. The story traces
the deplorable conditions
of mistreated animals
who can speak and
who exhibit many human characteristics. The tale of the society the animals form into a totalitarian regime is generally viewed as Orwell's critique of the communist system in the former Soviet Union. So what? Soviet Communism has fallen? Why should we read Animal Farm? The story will always have lessons to teach us about the ways that people abuse power and manipulate others. Orwell's chilling story of the betrayal of idealism through tyranny and corruption is as fresh and relevant today as when it was first published in 1945. Children's Book?
NO! When published in 1945, Orwell was upset
that his book
shelves. According to his housekeeper, Orwell began traveling from bookstore to
that the book be
shelved with adult works. This dual identity-as a children's story and adult satire-has stayed with Orwell's novel for more than 50 years. The Fable Earliest fables still preserved date back to the 6th Century Greece B.C.E.
These are known as Aesop's Fables. Though Aesop's animal fables were mainly about animals, they were really instructional tales about human emotions and human behavior. Usually short, written in either verse or prose, and conveys a clear moral or message. One of the oldest literary forms. Aesop used animal characters to stand for human "types." For example, a fox character would embody the human characteristics of cunning and cleverness. The way the animals interact and the way the plot unfolds says something about the nature of people or the value of ideas. But on a second level, the animals can stand for types of people or ideas. This is something the reader needs to infer. Any type of fiction that has multiple levels of meaning in this way is called an ALLEGORY. On the surface, the fable is about animals and you can just read it for the basic story. Most fables have two levels of meaning. Allegory SATIRE Orwell uses satire to expose what he saw as a myth of Soviet socialism. In a satire, the writer attacks a serious issue by presenting it in a ridiculous light or otherwise poking fun at it. The novel tells a story that people of all ages can understand, but it also tells us a second story-that of the real-life revolution. Let's meet the animals of ANIMAL FARM Napoleon Boar who leads the rebellion against Farmer Jones. Farmer Jones Irresponsible owner of the farm
Lets his animals starve and beats them with a whip
Sometimes shows random kindness Snowball Boar who becomes one of the rebellion's most valuable leaders. Old Major An old boar whose dream and speech about the evils perpetrated by humans rouses the animals into rebelling.
His philosophy concerning the tyranny of Man is named "Animalism." Squealer A big mouth pig who becomes Napoleon's mouthpiece. Manipulates the animals thoughts through use of rhetoric. Boxer A dedicated but dimwitted horse.
Commonly says two things: Jessie The farm's sheepdog. Moses A tame raven and sometimes pet of Jones who tells the animals stories about paradise called Sugarcandy Mountain. Other Characters Pilkington-Jones neighbor
Muriel-a goat who believes in rebellion.
Mollie-a vain horse who resists the rebellion because she doesn't want to give up the petting and treats she receives from humans.
Other Characters Benjamin-farm's donkey who doubts the leadership of pigs; devoted to Boxer; very cynical.
The Sheep-not very clever; they remind themselves of the rules by chanting "four legs good, two legs bad."
The Dogs-Napoleon's private army. Movie Trailer Prezi Presentation created by
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