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Chapter 8 Section 1
Transcript of Chapter 8 Section 1
Formation of Solutions
Properties of Liquid Solutions
Heat of Solution
* A ______ is a homogenous mixture of ___ or
- The substance whose particles are dissolved in a solution is the ____.
- The substance the ____ is is dissolved into is the _______.
Examples of solvents are ______ (In Air) or water.
*There are ___ ways substances can dissolve in water.
1. Dissociation - An ionic compound separates into __. (PC)
2. Dispersion - Particles _______ by breaking apart
and _________. (PC)
3. Ionization - When neutral particles ____ or
_____ electrons. (CC)
* Some physical properties in a___ can be
different than those of its ____ and _____.
Examples include... Conductivity, _____ point and
- Freezing Water - Molecules are more ____
and arrange in a hexagonal ______.
- NaCl by itself is a _____ conductor, but
saltwater is a ____ conductor.
* During the ______ of a solution energy
is either ________ (Exothermic) or it is
Examples: Sodium Hydroxide in Water = _______
Ammonium Nitrate in Water = ________
*Energy is only released when new ________ form. The
_______ of attractions in a solute ______ ___
Factors Affecting the
*There are ___ main factors affecting the dissolving
rate of the ______ into the solvent.
1. Area - The size of the ______.
2. Stirring - Increases or ______ the collisions
3. Temperature - _____ heat speeds up the rate of
dissolving by increasing the collision rate.
3 Volunteers Please.....