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Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary
Transcript of Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary
Third Hour Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary Organisms PRODUCERS- Giant kelp, red algae, zooanthellae, and phytoplankton
PRIMARY CONSUMERS- Zooplankton, foliate kelp crab, purple sea urchin, turban snail, abalone, spiny brittle star, and giant green anemone
SECONDARY CONSUMERS- Giant kelpfish, senorita, California spiny lobster, bat star, and California sheephead
TERTIARY CONSUMERS- Red octopus, garibaldi, and sea otter
Sea otter eating a sea urchin Abiotic Factors TEMPERATURE- A typical day in Monterey Bay during summer and early fall is cool with air temperatures ranging from about 60- 65 degrees Fahrenheit, with a somewhat cloudy sky. In Monterey Bay, it barely rains.
OCEAN CURRENTS- The California current and California undercurrent are the two currents in the area. The California current moves from the subarctic ocean near by Alaska. This water is cool and not at all salty. The California undercurrent is tropical, warm, and salty. Human Factors WATER QUALITY DECREASING- Water quality in the off-shore environmentof the sanctuary suggest degraded conditions. The degraded water conditions are made by land-based activities, such as those linked to to urban population development, nutrients into off-shore sanctuary waters, and boat/ vessel traffic that can result in oil deposits in the water, and marine debris.
ACTIVITIES THAT PUT PRESSURE ON SANCTUARY RESOURCES- Activities that put pressure on sanctuary resources are diverse. Some of the most prominent pressures commercial and recreational fishing, agricultural and urban runoff, harmful algal blooms, coastal development of non-native species, and recent disturbances in the wildlife community. Boats in Monterey Bay have a harmful effect on the wildlife. The Sea Otter Population The sea otter population played an important role in the development of the West Coast. The discovery of the sea otter sparked interest in many Russians. The interest lead to the starting of Russian colonization in 1741. The sea otter lives in giant kelp forests and rest on rocks. The population can be found as far as Japan also. The sea otter eats several invertebrates, abalone, sea urchins, and different species of snails. The sea otters only predator is the killer whale. The otters are diurnal (wake during the day) and feed and groom daily. Our Video The Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary (MBNMS) is a Federally protected marine area offshore of California's central coast. Stretching from Marin to Cambria. Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary has a shoreline length of 276 miles and 6,094 square miles of ocean. It has one of the most diverse marine ecosystems, it is home to numerous mammals, seabirds, fishes, invertebrates and plants. The Monterey Bay National Marine Sanctuary was established for the purpose of resource protection, research, education, and public use. Red Octopus Gaint Kelp Purple Sea Urchin