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Normal BMP Values
Transcript of Normal BMP Values
135-145 Hypernatremia lethargy, weakness, irritability, edema, seizures, & coma. Cushing's syndroms, diabetes insipidus, hyperaldosteronism, severe dehydration. Symptoms: Causes: Hyponatremia Symptoms: Causes: Nausea, vomiting, headache, confusion, muscle weakness, cramps, seizures, muscle spasms. Diarrhea, vomiting, sweating, hypothyroidism, cirrhosis, congestive heart failure, kidney failure. Na K [potassium] Normal:
3.5-5.0 Measured in mEq Hyperkalemia Symptoms: Causes: Nausea, fatigue, muscle weakness, tingling, bradycardia, peaked T-waves. Acute and chronic kidney failure, addison's disease, ACE inhibitors, type one diabetes, potassium overdose. Hypokalemia Symptoms: Causes: Vomiting, sweating, low magnesium, eating disorders, diuretics, diarrhea, antibiotics. Irregular heart beats, palpitations, muscle weakness, muscle aches, muscle cramps. Cl [chloride] Normal Range:
98-108 High amounts of IV normal saline, diarrhea, diuretics, hormones. Hyperchloremia Symptoms: Causes: Generally asymptomatic, hyperglycemic, pitting edema, tachypnea, hypertension. Hypochloremia Symptoms: Causes: Excessive sweating, burns, renal failure, medications (diuretics), cystic fibrosis. Tetany, shallow breathing, hyponatremia, sweating, high fever, muscle twitching and weakness. BUN Glucose CO 2 Cr [Carbon Dioxide] [Blood Urea Nitrogen] [Creatinine] [Sugar] Normal Range:
8-24 Normal Range:80-120 Normal Range:
0.8-1.4 Normal Range:
20-29 Hyperglycemia Hypoglycemia Causes: Causes: Symptoms:
Kidney failure, malnutrition, liver disease, overdose of insulin, addison's disease. Severe stress, stroke, heart attack, steroid use, cushing's syndrome, growth hormone. Frequent urination, increase thirst, blurred vision, headache, fatigue, shortness of breath, fruity-smelling breath, weakness, confusion, coma. Symptoms: Confusion, shakiness, anxiety, hunger, fainting, tingling sensation around the mouth, seizures. Questions? Liver failure, low protein diet, malnutrition, over hydration. Symptoms: Symptoms: Symptoms: Symptoms: Symptoms: Symptoms: Causes: Causes: Causes: Causes: Causes: Causes: Low BUN High BUN Congestive heart failure, kidney failure, shock, kidney disease, heart attack, hypovolemia, GI bleeding. Fatigue, nausea, insomnia, dry itchy skin, altered senses. Typically asymptomatic. Addison's disease, diarrhea, ketoacidosis, kidney disease, lactic acidosis, metabolic acidosis, salicylate toxicity Hypocapnia Hypercapnia Cushing's syndrome, hypoventilation, vomiting, hyperaldosteronism Tachypnea, dyspnea, flushed skin, hypertension, anxiety, convulsions. Dizziness, visual disturbances, anxiety High Creatinine Low Creatinine Acute tubular necrosis, kidney failure, pyelonephritis, urinary tract obstruction, muscular dystrophy, dehydration. Myasthenia gravis, aging. Typically asymptomatic Fatigue, edema, shortness of breath, confusion, feelings of dehydration. By Mandy Gibson RN, CCRN,MSNed