Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Drugs

*WORK IN PROGRESS*
by

Sean Kasak

on 9 November 2017

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Drugs

Psychoactive Drugs

The DRUGS
Drug Use While Pregnant
Arm of a heroin addict

Intoxication begins as a “high” feeling
Followed by symptoms that include
Euphoria, inappropriate laughter and grandiosity, sedation, lethargy, impairment in short-term memory, difficulty carrying out complex mental processes, impaired judgment and motor performance, decreased depth perception, distorted sensory perceptions, distortion of time (passing slowly)
*****dependent on dosage – anxiety, paranoia
Hallucinations may be present

Immediate Effects of Smoking Marijuana

Why do people smoke marijuana?

Gateway Drug: A gateway drug is a drug that can open the door to the use of other, harder drugs.

Hallucinogen -  A drug that causes hallucinations (profound distortions in a person's perceptions of reality). Under the influence of hallucinogens, people see images, hear sounds, and feel sensations that seem real but do not exist. Some hallucinogens also produce rapid, intense emotional swings. 


Tolerance – How much of a drug is needed to be in someone’s body to achieve the desired effect

Key Terms

MARIJUANA

1`

Ecstasy – MDMA
(mthylenedioxymethampetamine)
Effects – Stimulant and hallucinogen
Side Effects = muscle tension, rapid heart heat, impaired memory, high blood pressure, possible heart attack, possible heat stroke because the ability to control body temperature is decreased.

GHB (Gamma Hydroxbutyrate) – clear liquid or white powder. Used as a date-rape drug.
Effects – Euphoria, relaxation, dizziness, loss of inhibitions, Higher doses cause of loss of memory, respiratory problems, seizures, coma, and death.

Ketamine, also known as ‘Special K’, typically used as an anesthetic for humans/animals
Effects = hallucinations, numbness, inability to move, loss of memory, and dissociation. Often used as a rape drug.

PCP, also called Angel Dust.
Effects = mild euphoria, distortion of reality, psychotic behavior. Suicide and accidental death are common as are seizures and coma. The effects last a few hours to several days.

Club Drugs

Depressants

Heroin (smack, horse)
Short term effects = mental confusion, low BP, decrease in HR, low body temp., respiratory depression
Long term = constipation, diminished fertility, mood swings
Easy to OVERDOSE

Narcotics (cont.)

Short-Term Effects
Slowed thinking
Distorted sense of time and space
Loss of balance and coordination
Increased appetite
Anxiety
Short Term Memory

Long-Term Effects
Effects Central Nervous System
Respiratory problems = lung cancer
Loss of ability to add to long term memory

Psychoactive Drugs

The answer is simple: they want to get high.
What does it mean to be “high”?
When a person is “high”, they are under the effects of a hallucinogenic drug. This may cause them to see, hear, and feel things differently, and they might even see, hear or feel things that aren’t even there at all.
Some associate positive “euphoric” feelings with the drug because of the way the drug acts on their brain

Marijuana (Cannabis Sativa)
Active Ingredient =
THC (delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol)

60-70’s: .5-3% THC
High lasted 45 minutes
Noticed skewed emotional reactions
Got the “munchies”
Today: 6-20% THC
High lasts 3-6 hours
Eye-hand coordination affected
Sense of speed, distance, time

Marijuana

LSD (Acid) = Made from a grain fungus.
Method = Usually a small square of paper placed in the mouth.
Effect – Rise in blood pressure, chills, fever, trembling, and confusion of the senses.
Sometimes users panic when they can’t stop the trip.
Flashbacks = LSD is fat soluble and flashbacks may occur.
Addiction = the psychological desire to continue using is overwhelming.

Psilocybin (mushrooms) – Eaten.
Effects = cramps, sweating, vomiting, followed by a trip.

PCP – talked about earlier….can also be a hallucinogen.

Hallucinogens

Depressants, in general, slow the function of the CNS and have effects similar to drinking alcohol. When used in combination with alcohol, the effects are increased. An overdose may cause a person to stop breathing.

Rohypnol (roofies) – A powerful hypnotic drug which is used as a date-rape drug. It easily dissolves into drinks without a noticeable taste.

DMX (dextromethorphan) = Used in prescription cough syrup. In higher doses, the user feels “spacey”.

Inhalants = gasses that are inhaled from various products including paint, glue, propane, and nitrous oxide.

Short term Effects = Similar to alcohol. Dizziness, loss of inhibitions, loss of coordination.
Long term Effects = Liver, lung, and kidneys. Tremors, coordination, speech, walking.

Damage
Killing massive numbers of brain cells is the major issue
May damage other organs
Can cause sudden death
Drowsiness
narcosis,
asphyxia
cardiac arrhythmia

Inhalants

Amphetamines (speed, bennies, uppers) = Speeds up the CNS. Medically used to reduce appetite and treat nervous disorder.
Effects = Gives a “rush”, headache, diarrhea, sweating. Also makes you mistrustful.
Overdose = convulsions, coma, death.

Methamphetamine (crystal, ice, meth) = An illegal member of the Amphetamine family. The yellowish crystals are crushed and smoked, injected, or inhaled. The effects last for hours.
Effects = euphoria, loss of appetite, increased alertness, hyperactivity. Extremely addictive!
Dangers = permanent brain damage, kidney and liver damage.

Cocaine (snow, rock) = comes from the coca plant. As a paste it can be smoked. As a white powder is can be snorted, smoked, or eaten. As a rock, it is smoked. It speeds up the CNS, especially the pleasure center and may cause a loss of knowing reality. An overdose will bring on a stroke or heart attack. Physically and psychologically dependent.


Stimulants

Opiates – Unripened seeds of the poppy flower. Kill pain, suppress coughs and relax => VERY ADDICTIVE
Morphine = pain killer
Codeine = cough suppressant
Methadone = used to ‘ease’ heroin addicts to avoid withdrawal

Narcotics

Psychoactive drugs
Chemical substances that act primarily upon the central nervous system (Brain and spinal cord) where it alters brain function, resulting in changes in perception, mood, consciousness, cognition, and behavior
Basically they are anything that can alter your state of mind, perception, or your mood

Medical usage = Glaucoma, nausea in cancer, relieves pain in Multiple Sclerosis (MS) patients.

Stored in fatty tissue for several weeks. Can detect up to a month later from the last use (DRUG TEST = BUSTED)

Leaves of the cannabis sativa plant.....dried, crumbled, and then smoked.

MARIJUANA
(weed, bud, chronic)

SMOKED

CHEWED

ABSORBED

INGESTED

SNORTED

INJECTED

How are
UNIT 4
DRUGS
Hinsdale Central High School
Health Education
What is the legal definition of a
Substances other than food that change the structure or function of the body or mind.


ALL MEDICINES ARE DRUGS, BUT NOT ALL DRUGS ARE MEDICINES
DRUG?

Not to be confused with MEDICINES which are used to treat or prevent disease or other conditions.
DRUG CLASSIFICATIONS
NARCOTICS/OPIATES
STIMULANTS
DEPRESSANTS
HALLUCINOGENS
DRUG CLASSIFICATIONS
DRUG CLASSIFICATIONS
DRUG CLASSIFICATIONS
DRUGS THAT
SPEED UP
THE
LEGAL

ILLEGAL
Cocaine
Crack
Speedball (heroin & cocaine)
MDMA (Ecstasy/Molly)
Bath Salts
Caffeine
Nicotine
Ginseng
Amphetamines (Rx Required):
Dexedrine (Adderall),
Methylphenidate (Ritalin)
Legal (Rx only) Methamphetamines
some are available for Rx for treatment of ADHD or obesity)
Illegal Methamphetamines
Meth, Crystal Meth, Speed
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
"What do those words mean?"
Amphetamines
Stimulants used in prescription medicines to reduce fatigue and drowsiness. Sometimes used to suppress appetite.
Regular use can result in twitching, irregular heart beat, paranoia, and heart/blood vessel damage.
METHAmphetamines
Also known as "Meth", it is a stimulant used in treating certain diseases, including Parkinson's disease, obesity, and ADHD.
Misuse can result in developing depression, paranoia, damage to the CNS, increased heart rate and blood pressure, damage to brain cells and death.
DRUGS THAT
Slow DOWN
THE
CENTRAL NERVOUS SYSTEM
I
Drugs and Neurotransmitters
Drugs act on the neurotransmitters in our brain that regulate many aspects of our physical and mental/emotional health. When people abuse drugs (whether prescribed, over the counter, or used illegally) it can impact the function many of these neurotransmitters and cause health issues.
Besides their medical use, narcotics/opioids produce a general sense of well-being by reducing tension, anxiety, and aggression. These effects are helpful in a therapeutic setting but contribute to the drugs’ abuse. Narcotic/opioid use comes with a variety of unwanted effects, including drowsiness, inability to concentrate, and apathy.




Examples include:
the illicit drug heroin and pharmaceutical drugs like OxyContin, Vicodin, codeine, morphine, and methadone.
SUBSTANCES THAT DULL THE
SENSES
RELIEVE
PAIN
, and treat
sleep related issues
HIGHLY ADDICTIVE
These drugs are and abusing
them carries a very high risk of
overdose.
Doctors often prescribe them for people who are anxious or can't sleep. Taken as prescribed by a doctor, they can be relatively safe and helpful. However, dependence and addiction are still potential risks when taking prescription depressants. These risks increase when these drugs are abused.
"What do those words mean?"
Benzodiazepines act selectively on gamma-aminobutyric acid-A (GABA-A) receptors in the brain. It enhances response to the inhibitory neurotransmitter
GABA
, making the neuron negatively charged and
resistant to excitation.

Benzodiazepines are similar in pharmacological action but have different potencies, and some benzodiazepine work better in treatment of particular conditions. Benzodiazepines are
used as sedatives, hypnotics, anxiolytics (anxiety treatment), anticonvulsants (seizure treatment) and muscle relaxants
.
Benzodiazepines
BARBITURATES
Barbiturates are a group of drugs in the class of drugs known as sedative-hypnotics, which generally describes their sleep-inducing and anxiety-decreasing effects. Some barbiturates may be used to relieve anxiety or tension, or as anticonvulsants to help control seizures in certain disorders or diseases, such as epilepsy. Barbiturates may also be used for other conditions as determined by your doctor.

Barbiturates can be extremely dangerous because the correct dose is difficult to predict. Even a slight overdose can cause coma or death
. Barbiturates are also addictive and can cause a life-threatening withdrawal syndrome.
Barbiturates -
Rx for sleeping disorders, anxiety & tension
Benzodiazepines (Commonly referred to as "tranquilizers) -
Rx for stress, panic attacks, convulsions, sleep disorders.
Alcohol
Rx and OTC sleep medications
They cause hallucinations, which can be
sensations, sounds, and visual images
that seem real though they are not. They can be naturally occurring or man-made.

SUBSTANCES THAT alter a persons
perception, thoughts,
and
feelings
Marijuana, hashish, salvia
Psilocybin Mushrooms
LSD (D-lysergic acid diethylamide)
Peyote (mescaline)
DXM (Dextromethorphan)
Ketamine (surgery anesthetic for humans & animals)
DRUGS
taken?
Bath salts (synthetic cathinones) are human-made drugs chemically related to cathinone, a stimulant found in the khat plant. Khat is a shrub grown in East Africa and southern Arabia.
Information comes from the following sources:
National Institutes on Health (NIH), National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIDA), Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), Partnership for a Drug Free America, Substance Abuse & Mental Health Services (SAMHSA)
Cannabinoids

Classification: Hallucinogens
Opioids

Classification: Narcotics
StIMULANTS
Classification: Stimulants
CLUB DRUGS
Classification: Hallucinogens
These synthetic drugs may have different properties that are similar to stimulants and depressants. Each drug might vary.
BATH SALTS
Classification: Stimulant (with hallucinogenic properties)
DRUG CLASSIFICATIONS
a drug can be classified by its chemical activity or by the condition that it treats. the drug classifications used most often as regulated by the
Controlled Substances Act
are the following
DRUG Classifications:
Most drugs fall under one of the four classifications above. The 5th category is for Anabolic Steroids, which will be discussed separately.

However, some drugs despite their classification may have properties of more than one classification (i.e. a stimulant drug that has hallucinogenic properties) despite being only filed under one category.
STIMULANTs
DEPRESSANTs
Narcotics
H
A
L
L
U
C
I
N
O
G
E
N
S
"That stuff doesn't happen here."
While drug use varies from nation to nation, state to state, and city to city, it is naive to think that illegal acquisition, production, dealing, and/or use is not present in any community.

Every community has their own battle to fight when it comes to "The War on Drugs", as each location might have different levels of drug related issues.

It is recommended that students abstain from drugs to avoid health, school, career, and legal consequences. Practice refusal skills, and surround yourself with people who share the same drug free values as you if possible.
DISSOCIATIVE DRUGS
Classification: Hallucinogen
HALLUCINOGENS
Classification: Hallucinogen
Unit Key Terms

DRUG
ADDITIVE EFFECT
SYNERGISTIC EFFECT
ANTAGONISTIC EFFECT
TOLERANCE
OVERDOSE
ABUSE POTENTIAL
PHYSICAL ADDICTION
PSYCHOLOGICAL ADDICTION
DRUG CLASSIFICATIONS
STIMULANT
DEPRESSANT
NARCOTIC
HALLUCINOGEN
SYNTHETIC DRUGS
Unit Concepts
"Drug" vs. "Medicine"
Drug potency
Drug Interactions
Methods of drug intake
Gateway Drugs
DEA Drug Schedule
Effects on P/M/E/S health
Medicinal vs. Recreational drug use
The Narcotic Epidemic
The Marijuana debate:
Pros & Cons of use and legalization
Cost of drug use on society
Factors contributing to drug abuse
Supports, recovery & staying clean
UNIT CONTENT
NOT LEGAL in US. Used medically in some countries to treat insomnia. In US it is often used as a date rape drug.

Legal in US for treatment of medical conditions including narcolepsy and alcoholism. Also commonly used as a date rape drug.
Synthetic (man made) drug.
Used to simulate hallucinogenic effects. No approved medical use.
INJECTION DRUG ABUSE
DRUGS
|
THE BASICS
Classification: Various
OTHER COMPOUNDS
Classification: Anabolic Steroid
Anabolic Steroids are a separate category from the 4 classifications per the Controlled Substances Act.
ANABOLIC STEROIDS
INHALANTS
Inhalants are often used to attempt to feel hallucinogenic effects, but since there are so many different chemicals in different kinds of inhalants, the user might be using drugs that would classified under different classifications.
TRACK MARKS FROM A HEROIN USER
Traits of a Meth abuser
Traits of a Meth abuser
Track marks are an obvious indicator, but not all signs of injection drug use are so easy to spot. Here are 10 other signs to look for if you think someone might be hiding injection drug use.
Resource: NARCONON
Resource: NARCONON
Resource: NARCONON
Resource: NARCONON
Much like drinking alcohol while pregnant can cause
FETAL ALCOHOL SYNDROME
, using drugs while pregnant can cause:
BIRTH DEFECTS
PREMATURE BABIES
UNDERWEIGHT BABIES STILLBORN BIRTHS
PHYSICAL & COGNITIVE DEVELOPMENTAL
DELAYS OR DEFICIENCIES
truth
about
Real People | Real Stories

Discussion Questions
Real People | Real Stor
THE GREAT
DEBATE
There are lots of issues related to the legalization of marijuana in the US, as several states have passed legislation to make the sale and use of marijuana legal for medical purposes and/or recreational purposes depending on the state.
Medical uses
- What does it help? Research? FDA? Health consequences? Long-term effects/consequences?
Potential crime and legal implications
- Legal age? Lacing it with other items? Public use? DWI? Transporting or shipping it internationally via car/plane?
Financial Considerations
- In what ways could a state or the nation experience monetary gains? What expenses come along with legalization?
Effects on society
- school, underage drug abuse, gateway to using other drugs, rehab, drug testing, etc.
Regulation
- Manufacture and distribution considerations, costs, and issues.
DISCUSS THE INFORMATION REGARDING
PROs AND CONs OF LEGALIZATION OF
MARIJUANA AT A FEDERAL LEVEL.
CONSIDER BOTH SIDES OF THE ARGUMENT AS YOU PONDER AND DISCUSS THE FOLLOWING:
Full transcript