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Knowledge Issues

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by

Waylon Lu

on 21 October 2013

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Transcript of Knowledge Issues

Knowledge Issues
By: Dongho, Nathan and Waylon
What are Knowledge Issues?
vague to specific
applies to anything on knowledge

Real Life situation 1
http://edition.cnn.com/2013/10/05/showbiz/andy-warhol-auctions-new-york/index.html?hpt=hp_c4
Knowledge Issues
what constitutes good art?
does art have to been aesthetically beautiful?
how is the expected price justified?

Real life situation 2
Scientist are concerned on whether or not if it is right to use data from Nazi testing in the past to aid the experiments
THANK YOU
Two of Andy Warhol's art expected to sell for more than $100 mil combined
Why is this a significant issue?
In today's world, millions of people die from disease every year, and even though medicine is growing, the medical breakthroughs during World War 2 has without a doubt, saved millions of lives.
Is a small sacrifice justified to serve a greater good?
"Medicine and World War Two." http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk. History Learning Site, 18 Feb. 2002. Web. 8 Oct. 2013.

"History of WWII Medicine." History of WWII Medicine. World War 2 Combat Medic, 04 May 2002. Web. 11 Oct. 2013

Times, Isabel Wilkerson, Special To The New York. "Nazi Scientists and Ethics of Today." The New York Times. The New York Times, 21 May 1989. Web. 11 Oct. 2013.

"Field Equipment & Supplies." WW2 US Medical Research Centre ::. WW2 Medical Research Centre, Apr.-May 2006. Web. 14 Oct. 2013.

"What Is a Knowledge Issue?" Theory Of Knowledge Student Com. N.p., 1 Mar. 2010. Web. 15 Oct. 2013.

Tim, Woods. "Knowledge Issues in International Baccalaureate Subjects." The Method RSS2. N.p., 24 Aug. 2010. Web. 12 Oct. 2013.

Personal connection from our KI

X-Ray
Knowledge Issue
Should Knowledge be worth pursuing if its not ethically justified but is for greater goods?
Ethics
Terms
Worth - This is a big term because it all depends on the value of the knowledge we are trying to puruse, such as life saving military secrets, r personal data, that maybe no one wants to share

Ethically Justifiable - This is a hard term to describe because the nature of this term is controversial. What exactly, is ethically justifiable?

Greater Good - This term is basically the ideology of helping others to a universal benefit
Area of Knowledge
Human Sciences
History
Natural Sciences
History
History is the study of knowldge from the past

Historiography is gained from different perspectives in the past
Historians can use documents from the past to learn mroe about that time period
We study history so that we can learn more about the past, but also so that we do not repeat our mistakes
Response to History
In history, it is justified to uncover secrets of the past if it contributes to the greater welfare of humanity
We should always pursue new information and uncover vital knowledge
Counterclaims
Using data gained for historical preference that is personal is unethical

Even if the personal data you are getting from the person is deceased, it will sometimes taint their memory

Diaries and letters are meant to be private
Connections with our KI
History as an area of knowledge has similarities because for documents like diaries and letters, it may not always be ethically justified to uncover them to the public. And therefore it is difficult to say whether or not we should pursue this knowledge because ethically, it is a grey area
Natural Sciences
Natural Sciences:
What does natural science include?
Modern Medicine
Biological Experimentation
Environmental Studies
Chemistry
Studies in Physics
RLS for Natural Sciences:
Unit 731 was a laboratory in World War 2 where japanese scientist experimented on human subjects in different ways to get data and information about human capacities
Response to Natural Science
For natural sciences, can we justify discovering new technology in medicine with unethical means?

It is not ethically justifiable. Innocent humans were tortured without consent to unimaginable degrees.
Counter Claims
One of the experiments was to starve a subject out and to see how long humans can survive without food
Now we know how long humans can survive without food, and in some cases that can save lives

We understand the limits that humans can exposed to radiation
Connections to our KI
We have no definite answer based on thie real life situation

However, as we progress in time and experience our sets of ethics change
We meet more people and encounter their sets of ethics, which might or might not be absorbed into our own sets of ethics

Therefore, we believe that due to our shared experiences this real life situation can be seen as ethically incorrect
Human Sciences
Human sciences is the studies of psychology, sociology, and anthropology
By studying Human Sciences we can understand more about the Human psyche
RLS for Human Sciences
A classical RLS for Human Sciences is dolly the sheep

Cloning conflicts with ideologies like religion

Justification for advancements in science

Supporters of Science v.s Supporters for Religion
Response to RLS
Religious people are against cloning because it is against their beliefs

A substantial foundation for own ethics, as our beliefs and our cultural upbrining affects our set of ethics

Beliefs justify our ethics, and therefore cloniing is wrong
Counterclaim

Cloning is justified because it can help solve world hunger and livestock problems.
it could be revolutionary in humanity's evolution
Connection to our KI
Dolly the Sheep is a powerful experiment that deals with a controversial topic

Some would say it is unethical to find informatino about cloning, but some would say it is ethical, so which one do we choose?
Similarities and Differences
AOK Is it Ethically Justifiable? Does it contribute to the greater good?

Ntural Science It is up to you Yes

History It is up to you Yes

Human Science It is up to you Yes
Conclusion
So to conclude, we as humans consistently pursue knowledge even with our own set of ethics. However, each of us has different set of ethics, sculpted and modeled after our social background, culture and personal history. A universal set of ethics is impossible to be consistent with all. So should knowledge be worth pursuing that is not ethically justified but contributes to the greater welfare of humanity or should it not be worth purusing?
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