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American Romanticism

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Erin McDonald

on 11 January 2013

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Transcript of American Romanticism

Romanticism 1800-1860 Definition: A movement in art, music, and literature
that also had affects on politics & culture. But there's more to it than that!!! Romanticism:
a reaction against Realism What is realism? the faithful representation of reality What do you think that means Romanticism is? The Industrial
Revolution took place around
1820-1870 What do you think Romantic
writers thought about this? Characteristics
of Romanticism Realism: Confines of England vs.
Romanticism: American frontier and westward expansion Realism = logic, planning, cultivation
Romanticism = imagination, spontaneity,
and nature Focus on individual freedom, spontaneity
Values feeling & intuition
did not value reason as realists did
Values self-expression (not artificially & restraint)
Places faith in inner experience & the power of the imagination
Prefers youthful innocence to educated sophistication
Looks backward to the wisdom of the past and distrusts progress
Sees poetry as the highest expression of the imagination
Finds inspiration in myth, legend, and folk culture Development of the
"Romantic Hero" heroic
love of nature
skillful frontiersman
virtuous, simple morality
distrust of "town life"
has broken from social restraint
almost superhuman resourcefulness
is a representation of the poet, prophet, or visionary Two off-shoots of
American Romanticism
and the American
Renaissance adventurous & danger-seeking
sentimental about the past
emotionally intelligent
folksy & down-to-earth Gothicism Transcententalism Originated in Europe as did Romanticism
Slightly different qualities between British & American Gothic
More to come on this later. the term comes from 18th century German philospoher Immanuel Kant and refers tot eh idea that in determining the ultimate reality of God, the universe, the self, and other important matters, one must transcend, or go beyond, everyday human experience in the physical world.
More on this later. For Example: In Brief... What similarities do
you see between the
characteristics of
American Romanticism
and the American culture
of the time, or even today? Values Nature
the wilderness & the pastoral
exploration of exotic, even supernatural places
contemplation of nature - learning from natural world, also as a means to spiritual and moral development
saw civilization & cities as corrupt
valued "natural," "organic" societies 1820-1860 The American Renaissance Americans began producing literature of their own without relying on the European models. It was a literary coming-of-age. Looking at art -why does this seem to be from the Romantic era?
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