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YODER | ch.5-7 legislative branch | GOVERNMENT

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Ryan Yoder

on 5 October 2011

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Transcript of YODER | ch.5-7 legislative branch | GOVERNMENT

LEGISLATIVE BRANCH cHAPTERS 5-7 CH. 5 BICAMERAL LEGISLATURE the U.S. Congress is made up of two houses
Senate - House of Representatives congressional sessions BEGINS JAN. 3 OF ODD NUMBERED YEARS
LASTS 2 YEARS
112TH CONGRESS (currently)
DIVIDED INTO 2 SESSIONS
- by the 20th amendment shortened from
March to Jan.
CONGRESS REMAINS IN SESSION UNTIL ADJOURN
CANNOT BE MORE THEN 3 DAYS WITHOUT APPROVAL 435 MEMBERS ------------------- ------------------- 25 YEARS OLD ------------------- 7 CITIZEN OF U.S. THE CONSTITUTION DOES NOT SET THE TOTAL NUMBER OF REPRESENTATIVES. IT STATES EACH STATE HAS AT LEAST 1 REPRESENTATIVE ------------------- ------------------- how many do we have in Indiana? 9 REPRESENTATIVES ------------------- Burton, Dan, Indiana, 5th (Rep)
Rokita, Todd, Indiana, 4th (Rep)
Carson, André, Indiana, 7th (Dem)
Donnelly, Joe, Indiana, 2nd (Dem)
Bucshon, Larry, Indiana, 8th (Rep)
Young, Todd, Indiana, 9th (Rep)
Pence, Mike, Indiana, 6th (Rep)
Stutzman, Marlin, Indiana, 3rd (Rep)
Visclosky, Peter, Indiana, 1st (Dem) Members are elected for 2 year terms
elections are held on even numbered years
EX: 2006, 2008, 2010
around 90% of all representatives are reelected REPRESENTATION CENSUS
taken every 10 years(2010)
- 6.4 million people
first was taken in 1790
orginally there were 64 members
1929 it was determined at 435 members
REAPPORTIONMENT (NO CHANGE)
population of each state determines the new number of reps to which entitled
600,000 people per district redistricting AFTER STATES FIND OUT THEIR REAPPORTIONED REPRESENTATION
EACH STATE LEG. SETS UP CONGRESSIONAL DISTRICTS.
WHEN THE NEW DISTRICT LINES ARE COMPLETED IT IS KNOWN AS
REDISTRICTING. WHEN THE POLITICAL PARTY CONTROLLING THE STATE
GOVERNMENT DRAWS A DISTRICT'S BOUNDARIES TO GAIN AN
ADVANTAGE IN ELECTIONS GERRYMANDERING ELBRIDGE GERRY
GOV. OF MASSACHUSETTS
DEM-REP ADVANTAGE OVER
FEDERALISTS "CRACKING"
or
"PACKING" 100 30 9 2 MEMBERS YEARS OLD CITIZEN OF U.S. REPRESENTATIVES SENATE ----------------------- "the Senate shall be composed of
two senators from each state." name our 2 senators? DAN COATS (CLASS III)
ELECTED IN 2011
RICHARD LUGAR (CLASS I)
REELECTION IN 2013 6 YEAR TERMS allows for more continutity than the Framers planned because many of them are
reelected SALARY 1789: $6 per day
1855: $3,ooo
1925: $10,000
1965: $30,000
1984: $72,600
1992: $130,000
2008: $169,300 BENEFITS postage for business
medical clinic
gym
allowances to pay for staff
trips home
telephones
newsletters
tax deductions
retirement
PENSIONS: $150,000 per year 535 TOTAL MEMBERS OF CONGRESS
WITH 4 DELEGATES District of Columbia
Guam
American Samoa
Virgin Island the delegates cannot vote,
but they do attend sessions, intorduce bills
speak in debates, and vote in committees INCUMBENTS those members already in office HOUSE "lower house" "upper house" SENATE v. House being a senator is more prestigious
1 out of a 100 or 1 out of 435
represent the entire state & not just a tiny
district/portion of the state
role of advising the president INDIANA GENERAL ASSEMBLY -------------------------- SENATE house 50 100 MEMBERS TERMS REPRESENTATIVE AGE 4 2 25 21 Susan GLICK
DISTRICT 13
INDIANA SENATE DAVID YARDE
DISTRICT 52
HOUSE OF REPS. THE MAIN PURPOSE IS FOR THE ASSEMBLY TO MAKE LAWS FOR THE STATE OF INDIANA.
THEY HAVE DELEGATED CERTAIN LEG. POWERS TO COUNTY COUNCILS, TOWNSHIPS, &
OTHER LOCAL GOVTS. the leg. of Indiana is also bicameral following the lead of the national govt. they tried to create Congress and keep the idea of checks and balances not a full time job CITIZENS ASSEMBLY POWERS 1 | deprived the right of suffrage (vote) to any person convicted of an infamous crime
2 | to provide by law for election of all judges of courts of general and appellate jurisdiction at elections
3 | power of either house to punish its members for disorderly behavior and by 2/3 vote expel them
4 | power by a joint vote of both houses in the event of a tie vote between candidates as governor denied 1.The Bill of Rights of the State of Indiana (Found in Article I of the Indiana State constitution)
2.Cannot pass local or specific laws (Article 4)
3.Cannot regulate the practice of the courts
4.Cannot grant divorces
5.Cannot regulate county and town businesses HOUSE LEADERSHIP Speaker of the House: John Boehner
Majority Leader: Eric Cantor
Majority Assistant/Whip: Kevin McCarthy
Minority Leader: Nancy Pelosi
Minority Assistant/Whip: Steny Hoyer REPUBLICANS 178 DEMOCRATS 255 THE
HOPPER BILL PROCESS 1 | REP. PUTS BILL IN HOPPER
2 | SPEAKER SENDS TO COMMITTEE
3 | THEY STUDY, DISCUSS, REVIEW
- ONLY 10/20% OF BILLS SURVIVE
4 | BILL PUT ONTO THE HOUSE CALENDAR
- BILLS UP FOR CONSIDERATION
5 | HOUSE VOTES ON THE BILL
- SIMPLE MAJORITY TO PASS IF PRESIDENT VETO'S
THE BILL, THEN 2/3 IS NEEDED TO OVER TURN HOUSE COMMITTEE Each committee specializes in one subject.
A committee handles all laws dealing with that particular subject.
The majority party has a majority of the members in each committee.
The parties decide who will be on each committee.
There are 20 committees in the House HOUSE RULES COMMITTEE The most powerful committee in the House is the House Rules Committee. It is this “traffic cop” committee that members determine when and under what conditions the whole House will debate and vote on proposed laws. the SENATE THE SENATE IS A MORE INFORMAL DELIBERATIVE BODY. HERE THE SENATORS REPRESENT THEIR ENTIRE STATE AND NOT JUST A PORTION. THEY ARE MORE FREE TO EXPRESS AND SHARE THEIR IDEAS. leadership President of the Senate | Joe Biden (D) dELAWARE
president pro tempore | Daniel Inouye (D) hawaii
Majority Leader | Harry Reid (D) Nevada
Majority Assistant/Whip | Dick Durbin (d) Illinois
Minority Leader | Mitch McConnell (R) Kentucky
Minority Assistant/Whip | Jon Kly (R) Arizona filibuster MEANS TO STALL THE
LEGISLATIVE PROCESS AND PREVENT
A VOTE Why?? b/c there is usually unlimited debate on a bill

Senator Thurmond of south carolina (1957) spoke against
the civil Rights act for 24 hours & 18 min.

cloture: each senator can only speak for 1 hour
must get a 3/5's vote (60) [powers of Congress that are written
in the Constitution] [powers suggested by the Constitution
for Congress] CH. 6 NECESSARY & PROPER CLAUSE CONGRESS'S IMPLIED POWERS LARGELY COMES FROM THE the Constitution states that our Congress has the power to pass any law that it thinks is necessary to carry out the proper functions of government. ELASTIC THIS IS ALSO KNOWN AS THE

CLAUSE BECAUSE IT ALLOWS THE
GOVT THE ABILITY TO EXPAND
THEIR POWERS EXPRESSED POWERS + = IMPLIED POWERS OF CONGRESS LEGISLATIVE POWERS examples [1] taxing/spending power RAISING REVENUE ORGINATES IN THE HOUSE
AUTHORIZES MONEY FOR STATE GOVT....EXAMPLES???
CUTTING/RAISING TAXES...CURRENT EXAMPLE? [2] money powers NATIONAL DEBT
FROM 1789-2008 THE DEBT WAS $5.8 TRILLION (PLUS $4 TRILLION..WHY??? RAIDING S.S. FUNDS
THE CONGRESSIONAL BUDGET OFFICE PROJECTED B/T 2009-2020 THE DEBT WILL BE OVER $20 TRILLION (X3 WHAT WE SPENT IN THE PREVIOUS 220 YEARS COMBINED.
WHO PAYS FOR THIS??? THE TAXPAYERS [$166,000 PER HOUSEHOLD]
2010 PROJECTED BUDGET CALLS FOR OVER $30,000 PER HOUSEHOLD

Think what you do when you run in debt; you give to another the power over your liberty.
BEN FRANKLIN [3] other powers COPYRIGHTS
EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS TO PUBLISH & SELL A LITERARY, MUSICAL, ARTISTIC WORK
FOR A SPECIFIC PERIOD OF TIME
PATENTS
EXCLUSIVE RIGHTS TO INVENTORS TO MANUFACTURE TO SELL INVENTION (17 YEARS)
SAMUEL HOPKINS (1790) MAKING POTASH
POST OFFICE
BEN FRANKLIN WAS APPOINTED THE FIRST POSTMASTER GENERAL IN 1775 [4] impeachment FORMAL ACCUSATION OF MISCONDUCT IN OFFICE MAJORITY OF HOUSE VOTES TO IMPEACH
SENATE THEN CONDUCTS A TRIAL WHERE 2/3 OF THE VOTES ARE NEEDED
FOR THE CONVICTION AND REMOVAL
PRESIDENTIAL
ANDREW JOHNSON [1868] WAS ACQUITTED BY 1 VOTE
BILL CLINTON [1998] WAS ACQUITTED IN 1999 CONGRESS & the
PRESIDENT the President and Congress is a prime example of the concept of checks and balances that the founders envisioned. however, what they did not envision was a government stalemate. EXAMPLES POLITICAL PARTIES PARTISAN
these members tend to vote with the leaders of their party on most issues
DIFFICULT WHEN CONGRESS & PRESIDENT ARE DIFFERENT
1996 | CLINTON VS. REP. CONGRESS
2008 | OBAMA WITH SUPER MAJORITY
TIMETABLES
PRESIDENT HAS 8 YEARS AT THE MOST & CONGRESS NOT LIMITED TO CERTAIN AMOUNTS OF TERMS
TIMES OF CRISIS
DECLARE MARTIAL LAW, SEIZ PROPERTY, CONTROLTRANSPORTATION, COMMUNICATION
EXAMPLE
FDR | THE GREAT DEPRESSION CLOSED DOWN NATIONAL BANKS, SILENCED CRITICS, AND SET UP MASSIVE SPENDING POLICIES VETOES PG. 174 ch. 7 BILL BECOMES A LAW HOW A A quorum in the House is @ least 218 members must be present. A quorum in the Senate is @ least 51 members must be present. COMMITTEE OPTIONS 1. REPORT THE BILL FAVORABLY TO THE FLOOR W/ THE CHAIR HELPING
TO PASS THROUGH FLOOR DEBATE AND A VOTE
2. REFUSE TO REPORT THE BILL [PIGEONHOLE THE BILL]
MOST BILLS DIE IN COMMITTEE B/C THEY ARE PIGEONHOLED & PLACED OFF TO THE SIDE TO BE FORGOTTEN
3. REPORT A BILL AMENDED FROM ITS ORIGINAL FORM KEYS TO THE PROCESS 1 | a bill must pass both chambers of Congress in identical form.
2 | usually if a different form than the first than bill goes back and they can simply vote on the change
3 | if this does not happen than the piece of legislation goes to Conference Committee. (a temporary joint committee of both houses for a final approval)
4 | then it is sent to the presidents desk
5 | a bill must become a law in a session of Congress. If it does not it must start over again the next session. vs. "Every bill which shall have passed
the House of Representatives and the
Senate, shall, before it become a Law,
be presented to the President of the
United States..."
Article I, Section 7
Constitution what can the President do? 1. SIGN THE BILL AND IT WILL BECOME LAW
2. KEEP THE BILL FOR 10 DAYS W/O SIGNING IT
IF CONGRESS IS STILL IN SESSION IT BECOMES LAW OR VETO THE BILL PRESIDENT REFUSES TO SIGN THE BILL AND RETURNS IT BACK
TO CONGRESS W/REASONS WHY POCKET VETO: the last 10 days of Congress is in session by
refusing to act on it. CONGRESSIONAL OVERRIDE CONGRESS CAN OVERRIDE THE PRESIDENT'S VETO WITH A
2/3'S VOTE IN BOTH HOUSES. THIS DOES NOT HAPPEN
VERY OFTEN. LINE ITEM VETO: allows a leader to reject specific lines
or items in a bill while accepting the main
body of legislation. LOST NEW YORK
PENNSYLVANIA
OHIO
NEW JERSEY
MASSACHUSETTS
MICHIGAN
ILLINOIS
IOWA
MISSOURI
LOUISIANA
GAINED SOUTH CAROLINA
GEORGIA
FLORIDA
TEXAS
ARIZONA
UTAH
NEVADA
WASHINGTON 47 53 242 193 http://www.house.gov/leadership/ the elastic clause
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