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terminology

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by

Menna Moustafa

on 23 August 2015

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Transcript of terminology

terminology
Roots
specific term
prefix
prefix
Root
suffix
it is special vocabulary used by health_care professions to aid in communication , it's based in Latin & Greek words
it consists of
prefix
suffix
Root
the medical term must contain a
root (it's foundation ) , but it may
or may not contain prefix &suffix

dys/peps/ia
a prefix
(means not)
a Root refers to
(pepsin enzyme )
a suffix means
(a condition of )
so this term indicates a condition
of no secretion of pepsin enzyme
pertaining to number
prim = first
mon/o = one
bi , di = two
diplo = double
hemi , semi = half
"semilunar valves '
tri = terti = three
tetra = four ...
poly , muti = many

pertaining to color
melan = black
alba , leuk =white
erythro= red
xantho ,athero= yellow
Ex:
xanthodontous
cyan = blue "
cyanosis
"


negative prefixes
a , an , in ,im ,un ,ir,anti , dys &contra = against
Ex :
a/nem/ia
this term means a condition of little amount of blood
pertaining to degree
hyper = increase , xss
X
hypo = below
super , supra = above
pertaining to size &comparison
homo = same , unchanged
X
hetero= different , changed
micro = small
X
macro = large
pseudo = false
"
pseudopodium
"

pertaining to time &position
pre= before
X
pro= after
dextro = right
X
leavo = left
tele = away


other prefixes
mal = bad
Ex :
malnutrition
epi = above
Ex:
epidermis

sub = beneath
cardio
haem , aem
hepato
reno
cerebro
ot
rhin
laryng

heart
blood
liver
kidney
brain
ear
nose
larynx
thorac
pneumo
phago
glottis , lingual
aden
lacta
oest
chola
hystro
ophthalm
chest
lung
eat
tongue
gland
milk
bone
gall bladder
uterus
eye
hypertention?
suprarenal
" subcuteaeous "
ia , ism , osis , y = a condition of
Ex :
anaemia
,
cyanosis
,
atony

iac , al , ous , ary , ic , ical = related to
Ex :
cardiac
,
surgical
,
venous
,
urinary
,
logy = the syudy of
Ex :
terminology

ist , ician , iatric , iatrist = specialist
Ex :
dentist
,
pediatric
,
podiatrist
,
physician

itis = inflammation Ex :
dermatitis

rrhea = flow EX :
diarrhea

rrahge = brusting flow Ex :
haemorrhage

megaly = enlargment Ex:
acromegaly

oma = tumor Ex :
adenoma

pathy = disease Ex :
pathology

suffix
Questions
cardio/megaly ?
oto/rhino/larygo/logist ?
albinism ?
rhinorrhea ?
contra/indications ?
hypo/glottis ?
poly / uria?
ophthalmosis ?
cholagogue ?
zoology ?
immature ?
hepatitis ?
mania = xss love
phobia = xss fear

sclerosis = hardning
Ex :
atherosclerosis
gogue = secretion
Ex :
lactagogue
pexy = fixation
Ex:
hystropexy

menna moustafa
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