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Native American Boarding Schools
Transcript of Native American Boarding Schools
“kill the indian and save the man” Dominique Abdi
Waed Alsharif Who started it? What was their goal? The first boarding schools What were they taught? Losses because the rules and requirements What happened in these boarding schools? Effects on the students
All began because of the Indian Boarding School Movement, 1860s during the post civil war era
Established by eastern reformers and Christian Missionaries
Most boarding schools were in the less populated areas, mainly the west
•They believed that once the Native American children are kept away from any influences adopted by their traditionally minded relatives, their values and way of thinking would change
- Their GOAL was to:
- use education in order to change the Natives’ views, ideas, and culture into the “American way of life”
- “civilize” the Native Americans where they can accept the American way of life as well as their beliefs and value system Bureau of Indian Affairs: - established the first boarding school (Yakima Indian Reservation, Washington)
This one was not successful
The first successful boarding school was Carlisle Indian School in Pennsylvania, 1879
Established by Captain Richard Henry Pratt
He has a quote that says, “ Kill the Indian and save the man." Private property
Monogamous families (no affairs and only two partners)
Christianity and its values
proper language of English
The subjects that they would take were:
. Girls would learn what was considered a women’s job such as doing laundry, sewing, cooking, cleaning, and house work.
. For the women at boarding school (older girls) they may have been able to get the chance to learn how to be a nurse or to work in and office.
Many children committed suicide
ran away only to be caught and subjected to more horrible punishment.
Some of the punishments included whippings, starvation, isolation, and sexual attacks by staff
Many children were left without knowing who they are and were afraid to reclaim their Native heritage Watch this video They would change the appearance of all the native Americans
If they had traditional Native American names, they would change them to American or European names
They gave them haircuts and forced them into modern clothing in order to change their appearance
They were taught to do different life skills, both for male and female students, to benefit them later on. Example: baking, field work, nursing, farming. loss of their Native tongue
they were not able to communicate with their gods, because they believed they didn't speak English
loss of their heritage, culture, and religious beliefs
loss of traditional clothing and jewelry Students' Schedule They would always start the day with a morning wake up.
. Various bells that would show the kids to their next place to go would follow the wake up call.
. The children were forced to march to their subjects
. They would have inspections (of their clothes and hair) to make sure that they are to the schools standards.
. Rules were very strict and each student was required to follow them.
. They would be placed in lines according to their size or age, or even by a specific ranking.
. They were required to learn and master English, and farming techniques.
. Boys would learn how to milk cows, grow crops, and learn how to fix things like all American boys would.
. They had a system called “half and half” meaning that they spent half of their days learning educational things, then for the other half they would be sent out to work places where they would be set to work.
1. Who was the Founder of the first successful boarding school for Native Americans? And where was it located?
2. What was the purpose of the establishment of such boarding schools?
3. Name 4 of the 9 subjects students were required to learn, and 2 things that boys had to learn and girls had to learn.
Works Cited Atlas. Department of English. Illinois: University of Illinois Board of Trustees, 2008. Web.
Boarding School Abuse and Genocide of Native Americans in USA and Canada. California. Web.
Buffa101. February 1, 2008. Native American Indian Children Boarding Schools Cherokee Carlisle. Web.
Carynfmiller. September 17, 2012. Into the West-Carlisle Indian School. Web.
Collins, Cary. Indian Boarding Schools. Portland: Portland State University, 2008-2012. Web
Convio. History and Culture Boarding Schools. Web.
HumanititesCenter987. January 8, 2012. Indian Boarding Schools. Web.
Indian Boarding Schools. Native American Public Telecommunications, 2006. Web.
Marr, Carolyn. Assimilation Through Education: Indian Boarding Schools in the Pacific Northwest. Washington: University of Washington Libraries. Web.
Msdevero. Introduction- Native American Boarding Schools. December 8, 2011. Web.
Remembering our Indian School Days: The Boarding School Experience. Heard Museum, 2012. Web.
Reyhner, jon Allan. Indian Boarding Schools. Arizona: Northern Arizona University, 2008. Web.