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THE QUEBEC ACT, 1774
Transcript of THE QUEBEC ACT, 1774
By: Kaylee and Danielle
The Quebec Act embodied a new principle in colonial government - the freedom of non-English people to be themselves within the British Empire.
What was the Quebec Act of 1774?
Most of the people who were affected were the French and the Roman Catholics.
Who was affected by the Quebec Act?
The act was passed by the British parliament but signed in Quebec, although at the time they were still under the status of the British Empire.
The Quebec Act was brought up and assessed on June 22nd, 1774 but came into effect on May 1st, 1775.
When did the Quebec Act occur?
Where did the act take place?
What act was it replaced by?
Why did the Quebec Act occur in the first place?
How was the act significant?
Some felt it was an attempt to carry on some of the problems created by the Royal Proclamation of 1763, which reduced the size of New France, by creating Aboriginal territory out of the vast western interior and promising an elected assembly. Others saw it as an attempt to demonstrate greater fairness toward the colony's French and Catholics, perhaps trying to ensure their loyalty in the event of troubles with the American colonies.
The Quebec Act was eventually replaced by the Constitutional Act, 1791, which eventually created upper and lower Canada.
The Quebec Act was significant because it gave people the idea of a new principle in colonial government - the freedom of non-English people to be themselves within the British Empire.
To add to Canada, a French province at that time, the states around it like Southern Ontario, Ohio, Michigan, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, and some parts of Minnesota were now in Quebec’s new land borders. This new land became three times larger than the original size of the French region.
In the end...
As the Parliament thought, the proclamation of the Quebec Act only angered the Americans more. However, they did not know that, the lower class of the Quebec people joined with the American cause in order to get rid of the rule of the British Empire.
When the Americans attacked Québec in 1775, the francophone upper classes allied themselves with the British. As a result, despite the capitulation of Montreal, the siege of Québec failed, prompting Benjamin Franklin’s famous statement that it would be easier to buy Canada than to try to conquer it.
The act restored French civil law and British criminal law and provided for continued use of the seigneurial system.
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