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Art Before History, The Stone Age

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Autumn E.

on 13 September 2013

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Transcript of Art Before History, The Stone Age

Artworks and Their Significance
Why are these artworks important to history?
Art Before History, The Stone Age

The Old Stone Age
30,000 BCE, most important in history of art
oldest painted caves in France
pre-historic representation of animals
Change in Weather
The climate of the Paleolithic Period spanned two geologic epochs(time in history) known as the Pliocene and the Pleistocene. Both of these time periods experienced important geographic and climatic changes that affected human societies and had major consequences on global temperatures, because warm equatorial ocean currents were cut off, and the cold Arctic and Antarctic waters lowered temperatures in the now-isolated Atlantic Ocean.
Western Europe
Time periods of the Stone age
Africa
earliest painting discovered came from Africa
Apollo 11 Cave
Paintings at Lascaux
southern France
Hall of Bulls (Lascaux Cave in France)
Prehistoric representation of animals
working methods of world's first artist and Lascaux paintings
The Stone Age lasted from 30,000 BC to about 3,000 BC, and is named after the main technological tool developed at that time.
3 periods of the Stone Age

The Stone Age is divided in three distinct periods:
Paleolithic Period or Old Stone Age (30,000 BC – 10,000 BC),
Mesolithic Period or Middle Stone Age (10,000 BC – 8,000 BC)
Neolithic Period or New Stone Age (8,000 BC – 3,000 BC).
Paleolithic
The very earliest human artifacts showing evidence of workmanship with an artistic purpose are the subject of some debate.
By 20,000 BC human cohabitation of hunters and gatherers were in existence all over the world
The earliest settlements came about in Africa, Illustrations of intricate humans and colored animals were used for magical purposes in order to ensure a successful hunt.
Mesolithic
cave paintings and portable art such as figurines, statuettes, and beads predominated
Venus figurines—prehistoric female statuettes portrayed with similar physical attributes very popular at the time
personal accessories and adornments were made from shell and bone
Neolithic
early pottery, as well as sculpture, architecture, and the construction of megaliths
Discovery of earliest painting
Makapansgat, treasured pebble resembling a face
earliest African paintings were portable projects

Apollo 11
Cave
Apollo 11
Africa's oldest known paintings, small stone plaquettes
with images of animals
were excavated from a rock shelter in southern Namibia in 1969 when the first spacecraft (Apollo 11) landed on the moon, hence its name
Then
Back In the Stone Age Portable art was made from bone,stone or antler.
Stationary art were created with a combination of minerals, ochers, burnt bone meal and charcoal, blood, animal fat, and tree saps.
Now
Cave Paintings
Lascaux 15,000 BC- Southwestern France
Chauvet-Pont-d'Arc Cave 30,000 BC-Ardèche department of southern France
Displayed: way of life
Stone age artwork often displayed how the people hunted, what gender roles were, and what everyday life was like in general.
Surroundings
Stone age cave paintings were often filled with scenes of nature and animals.
Interactions
Since the paintings often showed many people in a group setting, they also displayed how people of that era interacted with each other.

Time period of the Stone Age
25,500–23,500 B.C.
Apollo 11 stones were the oldest known artwork of any kind from the African continent
Radiocarbon and other dating methods confirm that the cave layer that contained artistic plaques are between 60,000 and 40,000 years old.
Differences
Paleolithic Art
Art now ranges through a lot of things like Expressionism, Impressionism, Formalism, Cubism, Surrealism, Pop Art, and Abstract Expressionism. Now art also goes into Paintings, drawings, prints, photography, performance art, and architecture.
open air sites
portable artworks
Full transcript