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Crizelle Johnson

on 17 September 2013

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Transcript of PEPTIC ULCER

What is Peptic Ulcer?
-peptic ulcers are open sores that result from the acid in the digestive tract which ate away the inner surface of the
esophagus, stomach or small intestine because the amount of acid is increased or the
amount of mucus is decreased
-this includes:
*Gastric ulcers which
develop in the stomach
*Esophageal ulcers that
form in the esophagus
*Duodenal ulcers that
develop inside the duodenum
In the Digestive System...
Peptic Ulcers could be found in the
and Duodenum.
Symptoms of Peptic Ulcer
-Burning pain is the most common peptic ulcer symptom and is caused by the open sore which is aggravated by stomach acid coming in contact with the ulcerated area.
*pain may typically:
•Be felt anywhere from your navel up to your breastbone
•Be worse when your stomach is empty
•Flare at night
•Disappear and then return for a few days or weeks
Other symptoms are....
The vomiting of blood — which may appear red or black
Dark blood in stools or stools that are black or tarry
Nausea or vomiting
Unexplained weight loss
Appetite changes

(remember that these symptoms
happen less often)
-Helicobacter pylori bacteria
*commonly live in the mucous layer that covers and
protects tissues that line the stomach and small
*can cause inflammation of the stomach's inner
layer,producing an ulcer.
*spread from person to person by close contact like
-pain relievers can irritate or inflame the lining of your stomach and small intestine. These medications include
aspirin, ibuprofen, naproxen and others.
-prescribed medicines used to treat osteoporosis
and give potassium supplements
Causes of Peptic Ulcer
Different Diagnosis for Peptic Ulcer
-the different tests that could be done are...
*Blood test
*Stool test
*Breath test - drink or eat something containing radioactive carbon and after a while, you blow into a bag and then seal it and if the sample contains the radioactive carbon in the
form of carbon dioxide, you have peptic ulcer.
-another diagnosis is endoscopy
*your doctor passes a hollow tube equipped with lens (endoscope) down your throat and into your esophagus, stomach and small intestine looking for ulcers and if an ulcer is detected, small tissue samples (biopsy) may be removed for examination in a lab.
-X-ray of your upper digestive system (barium swallow or upper gastrointestinal series)
*you swallow a white liquid (containing barium) that coats your digestive tract and makes an ulcer more visible.
Blood test
Treatments for Peptic Ulcer
-the in take Antibiotic medications to the kill H. pylori. and will likely be taken for two weeks, as well as additional medications to reduce stomach acid.
-Acid blockers — also called histamine blockers
*reduce the amount of stomach acid released into your
digestive tract, which relieves ulcer pain and encourages
*neutralize stomach acid and can provide rapid pain relief.
*Side effects can include constipation or diarrhea, depending
on the main ingredients.
-Medications that protect the lining of your stomach and small intestine.
-medications agents that help protect the
tissues that line your stomach and small intestine.
What to do while your ulcers heals
-Choose a healthy diet full of fruits, vegetables and whole grains but not vitamin-rich foods.
•Consider switching pain relievers to acetaminophen but ask your doctor
•Control stress because it may worsen the signs and symptoms of a peptic ulcer.
•Don't smoke
*it may interfere with the protective lining of the
stomach, making more sores
*also increases stomach acid
•Limit or avoid alcohol since it can irritate and erode the mucous lining in your stomach and intestines, causing inflammation and bleeding.
-Protect yourself from infections
*by frequently washing your hands with soap and water
*by eating foods that have been cooked completely.
-Use pain relievers with caution like taking your medication with meals
-Avoid drinking alcohol when taking your medication, since the two can combine to increase your risk of stomach upset.
What does the doctor recommend in order
to prevent getting Peptic Ulcer?
Group 5
Danna Austria
Christian Joseph Katigbak
Coleen Sabido
Crizelle Johnson
As a group, we recommend all to prevent from eat the proper food in every meal in order to provide the nutrients needed by our body. We must also eat on time so that we may prevent from having any ulcers in our body. For those who drink medicine most of the time, we recommend all to take the right amount and take it on time yet we encourage these people to instead switch to herbal alternatives because to much medicine may bring a bad effect in your body, especially antibiotics. Most importantly, we highly recommend all to observe proper sanitation sin order to prevent from getting any bacteria, especially Helicobacter pylori bacteria. So remember to eat right, be clean, drink your medicine and have a healthy life style.
The Technologies for the Digestive System
-is the procedure of evaluating the lining of the colon
-checks for medical problems
*bleeding related to inflammatory bowel
*the presence of cancer
-is the method of choice for screening patients at high risk for Colon cancer
-utilizes colonoscope
*a long flexible tubular instrument
*is inserted into the rectum.
*has video visualization capability on the end enabling the
physician to inspect the lining of the colon directly.
*biopsy forceps can be passed through the colonoscope to
perform certain surgical procedures.
-minimally invasive diagnostic medical procedure
-is used to examine the interior surfaces of an organ or tissue
-uses an endoscope
*is a medical device consisting of a long, thin, flexible or rigid
tube which has a light and a video camera.
*images of the inside of the patient's body can be seen on a
*can also be used for enabling biopsies and retrieving foreign
-whole endoscopy is recorded so that doctors can check it again
-an ultrasound-based diagnostic medical imaging technique
-used to visualize
*other internal organs
to capture their
*any pathological lesions
with real time tomographic images.
-has been used by sonographers to image the human body for at least 50 years
-has become one of the most widely used diagnostic tools in modern medicine.
-inexpensive and portable, especially when compared with other modalities
-also used to visualize fetuses during routine and emergency prenatal care.
-Such diagnostic applications used during pregnancy are referred to as obstetric sonography.
Upper Gastrointestinal Series
-uses x rays to help diagnose problems of the upper GI tract
-can help detect
abnormal growths
narrowings of the GI tract
hiatal hernia
bulges in the wall of the esophagus or intestine
enlarged veins in the esophagus
Upper Gastrointestinal Series
-uses x-rays to help diagnose problems of the large intestine
-sometimes called a barium enema because the large intestine is filled with barium liquid.
The barium liquid coats the lining of the large intestine and makes signs of disease show up more clearly on x rays.
-can detect problems of the large intestine, including
bulges in the intestinal wall
cancerous growths
abnormal openings in the intestinal wall that lead to the abdominal cavity, other organs, or the skin's surface
CT Scan
-CT = computed tomography
-takes multiple X-rays of the body from different angles in a very short period of time.
images are collected by a computer to give a series of "slices" of the body, which can help doctors determine what is causing your symptoms.
-virtual colonoscopy
take CT images of the colon reconstruct a three-dimensional model of your colon
The inside of this model can be inspected, obviously without causing any pain to you, while searching for abnormalities.
if an abnormality is found, a scoping test, either sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy, will be needed to get a tissue sample.
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
-produces very clear pictures of the human body without the use of X-rays
large magnet
radio waves
to produce these images.
-MRI examination poses no risk to the average person if appropriate safety guidelines are followed.

Radionuclide Scanning
-also called nuclear scanning
-is a test that produces pictures of internal parts of the body using small amounts of radioactive material
-is used to provide images of organs and areas of the body that cannot be seen well with standard X-rays
-Many abnormal tissue growths, or tumors, are particularly visible using radionuclide scanning








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