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The CRAAP Test
Transcript of The CRAAP Test
Developed by librarians at CSU Chico
The timeliness of the information
When was the information published or posted?
Has the information been revised or updated?
Does your topic require current information, or will older sources work as well?
Are the links functional?
The importance of the information for your needs.
Does the information relate to your topic or answer your question?
Who is the intended audience?
Is the information at an appropriate level (i.e. not too elementary or advanced for your needs)?
Have you looked at a variety of sources before determining this is one you will use?
The source of the information.
Who is the author/publisher/source/sponsor?
What are the author's credentials or organizational affiliations?
Is there contact information, such as a publisher or email address?
Does the URL reveal anything about the author or source?
Examples: .com .edu .gov .org .net
The reliability, truthfulness and correctness of the content.
Where does the information come from?
Is the information supported by evidence?
Has the information been reviewed or refereed?
Does the language or tone seem unbiased and free of emotion?
The reason the information exists.
What is the purpose of the information? Is it to inform, teach, sell, entertain or persuade?
Do the authors/sponsors make their intentions or purpose clear?
Is the information fact, opinion or propaganda?
Does the point of view appear objective and impartial?
Would you be comfortable citing this source in your research paper?
Is the author qualified to write on the topic?
Can you verify any of the information in another source or from personal knowledge?
Are there spelling, grammar or typographical errors?
Are there political, ideological, cultural, religious, institutional or personal biases?
Evaluating Information – Applying the CRAAP Test. (2010,
September 17). Retrieved March 24, 2015, from https://