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Peasant Revolts of the 15th Century

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Briana Davis

on 5 January 2015

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Transcript of Peasant Revolts of the 15th Century

Peasant Revolts in France
Jacquerie was the name of the first revolt in 1358
Not only did Black Death impact France's population, but also the Hundred Years' War wiped out many people
Aristocrats were fearful of the peasants' power due to increased wages and also filled with contempt toward their new positions
Peasants hatred was just as strong, but they felt the need to act on it
Peasants stormed castles and manor houses killing lords, ladies, children and stealing wealth
Aristocracy was shocked at the violence, but savagely massacred the rebels ending the revolt
Peasant Revolts of the 15th Century
General Causes
Black Death left huge population gap and labor shortage-this causes a rise in the price of labor
Social divisions alive during Medieval Age (clergy, nobility, laborers) begins to disentegrate
Price of labor goes up, but the demand for goods goes down which results in a lower standard of living for aristocracy
Laws are passed to limit wage earnings and forbid social mobility of peasants
Peasant Revolts in England
English peasants benefited from Black Death financially and socially (more freedom, higher wages, lower rents)
Aristocracy fights back with legislation depressing wages and reimposing feudal dues
Monarchy jumps in by imposing poll tax-peasants refuse to pay by forcibly sending out tax collectors of their villages
This action caused widespread rebellion of both peasants and townspeople
Rebels burned down houses of doctors, lawyers, government officials and some church officials
King Richard III promises to meet rebel demands if they return home
Rebellion ends, but Rich goes against his word and arrests rebels
Most are pardoned though and the poll tax is eliminated
Full transcript