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Copy of English Tenses

Present, Future, Past, Past Pefect, Present Perfect, Past Continuous, Present Continuous

nova Alshreef

on 25 December 2014

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Transcript of Copy of English Tenses

Present Simple
Present Continuous
Non-action verbs
Action verbs
Something happens right now
Actions that are repeated
I am happy. [right now]
This tastes delicious! [right now]
Please listen to me. [right now]
every day
once a month
I watch TV every night.
We go to the movies on the weekend.
I usually walk to work.
Conditions that are always true
Susan loves chocolate.
Water boils at 100 degrees Celsius.
Water flows downhill.
Something is happening right now
They are eating dinner at home.
We are watching TV.
Eric is listening to music.
An action is happening during a period that includes the present moment
Cindy is studying hard this month.
I'm driving my car to work this week.
My brother is writing a book.
A frequent activity about which we feel some emotion - [with adverbs: always, forever, constantly, etc]
Aunt Mary is always complaining.
I'm forever losing my keys!
They're constantly kissing each other.
Examples of no action verbs:
see, feel, taste, smell, hear,
have, want, like, love, hate
think, guess, know, understand
Past Simple
Past Continuous
Past Perfect
Past Perfect Continuous
Future Continuous and Future Perfect
Future Simple
Future Perfect Continuous
I study English every day.
I am studying English now
She studied French last year
She wasn't studying English when you called yesterday.
I will have been studying for over two hours by the time you arrive.
Present Perfect
I had been studying English for two years before I moved to the U.S.
Present Perfect Continuous
I am an English student now.
Use the Simple Past to express the idea that an action started and finished at a specific time in the past.
I am taking a photography course this year
will / be going to
Present Simple
Present Continuous
The exam begins at 9 a.m. tomorrow
The exam begins at 9 a.m. tomorrow
When we use the Present Perfect, there is a connection with the present. The action in the past has a result NOW
We invited them to the party, but they didn't get the message
They were having a romantic dinner at a fancy restaurant
It puts emphasis on the course of an action in the past
I was using the computer last night
Were we watching that movie last month?
Two actions happening at the same time (in the past)
as long as
While I was playing, my brother was washing the car
While Lara was writing the letter, the boys were sleeping
Action happening at a certain time in the past
When Vanessa arrived, the teacher was finishing the explanation
When I called Victor, he was driving his car
I started walking
I was walking
I finished walking
I have lost my keys
Result: Only in the present I discovered I have lost my keys
We use the Present Perfect to say that an action happened at an unspecified time before now. The exact time is not important
I have read that book
"When" isn't important - what's important is the ACTION itself - read the book
Just, Already, Yet
Just = a short time ago
Isabelle has just opened the door
Are you hungry, Luana? - No, I have just eaten an apple
Already = we use it to say that the subject did the action sooner than expected
Is Susan coming to the cinema with us?
- No, she has already seen the film
Yet = it shows that the speaker is expecting something to happen
What's in the newspaper today?
- I don't know. I haven't read it yet
Have you ever...?
"Have you studied some languages, Ana?"
"Yes, I have studied three languages so far."
"Really? Have you ever spoken Italian?"
"Yes, I have spoken Italian several times."
"What about Mandarin?"
"No, I haven't learned it yet."
Check this example conversation:
Ana's life
(a period until now)
(she has learned three languages)
Have you ever eaten caviar? (in your life)
Have you read "Alice in Wonderland"?
- No, I haven't
Fernanda loves "Twilight". She has seen it seven times!
We use the present perfect with: "today", "this year", "this week", etc when these periods are not finished yet.
I've drunk four cups of coffee today
She hasn't had a vacation this year
Helena has studied a lot this semester
First time in your life
Arthur is 18 years old. He is learning how to drive a car:
"I'm a little nervous. It's the first time I've driven a car."
Second time, third, fourth, etc...
Leticia didn't bring her books.
That's the third time she has forgotten them
Gone x Been to
Gabriel has been to Australia. He brought me a present
He went there and returned
Indira has gone to Oxford to study Arts. We always talk on live chat.
She went there and didn't return
Past Simple x Present Perfect
Present Perfect
Simple Past
The past!
"I've lost my keys!"
"I lost my keys yesterday!"
"They have bought a car."
"They bought a car last week"
Present Perfect
Has Cristina Left?
Simple Past
When did Cristina leave?
a period of time that continues until now
a finished time in the past
I have seen Ana this morning
I saw Ana this morning
She has never played golf
She played golf yesterday
The Past Perfect expresses the idea that something occurred before another action in the past. It can also show that something happened before a specific time in the past.
Vitória had visited her grandparents before she went to the mall
Mariana didn't want to go to the cinema because she had seen the movie
Present perfect x Past Perfect
Present perfect
Past Perfect
The house is dirty. They haven't cleaned it yet
The house was dirty. They hadn't cleaned it yet
Who is that woman? I've never seen her before
I didn't know that woman. I had never seen her before
Going to
It expresses an intention for the future
It expresses a decision the person made before the action
It is something you plan for the future
"Your shoes are dirty".
" I know, I'm going to clean them."
Angela doesn't want to live here anymore. She is going to procure a new house
Camila had learned French and she travelled with her friends to Paris
Maria Clara passed the test because she had studied very much
the past!
[right now]
[right now]
[right now]
These people are standing in a queue to go into the cinema
(it's 8:50 P.M.)
In a few minutes, the cinema will be full.
(it will be 9:00 P.M.)
In two hours the cinema will be empty.
(it will be 11:20 P.M)
The people will be watching the film for the next two hours.
The film will have finished.
The people will be watching the film for the next two hours.
(future continuous)
The future continuous shows events that will continue for a period of time.
Dont' call me between 7:00 and 10:00. I'll be working a lot.
Next month, I'll be lying on the beach, drinking and having fun for the next two weeks
The film will have finished.
(future perfect)
The future perfect is used to say that something will be completed/over before another time in the future
The film will have finished at 11:00.
I will call you after 10:00. You will have finished work.
The cinema will be empty at 11:20.
1. Tomorrow afternoon Flávia is going to play tennis from 3:00 until 4:30. So, at 4:00 _________________________ (she/play) tennis.
2. Daniel is spending his money very quickly. If he continues like this, _____________________________ (he/spend) all his money before the end of the month.
3. Do you think _____________________________ (you/still/do) the same job in ten years' time?
4. Rafaella is travelling around Europe. So far she has travelled about, 1,500 Km. By the end of the trip _______________________________ (she/travel) more than 3,000 Km.
she will be playing
he will have spent
she will have travelled
you will still be doing
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