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Transcript of pardoner
Eyeballs bulge like a hare’s
note: rodent comparisons
carries imitation relics
Practitioner of church rituals
without holy intention Context of the Pardoner's Tale (cont.) Interpretations Plot of the Pardoner's Tale Members of the company, fearing that the Pardoner will tell a vulgar tale similar to the Miller’s, ask him to tell a story with a moral. The Pardoner then explains to the pilgrims the methods he uses in preaching: his text is always "Radix malorum est cupidatis". Always employing an array of documents and objects, he constantly announces that he can do nothing for the terrible sinners and invites the thoroughly good people forward to buy his relics which will absolve them from sins. Then he stands in the pulpit and preaches very rapidly about the sin of avarice so as to intimidate the members into donating money.
He repeats that his theme is always "Money is the root of all evil" because, with this text, he can denounce the very vice that he practices: greed. And even though he is guilty of the same sins he preaches against, he can still make other people repent. The Pardoner admits that he likes money, rich food, and fine living. And even if he is not a moral man, he can tell a good moral tale, which follows. James Chen, Caoilinn Haley, Flannery Jamison, Quynh Nguyen The Pardoner's Tale Plot of the Pardoner's Tale (cont.) Youngest Man vs. Two Elder Men
Each man is interested in the total amount of money, and kill each other
Death vs. Men
Men set out to kill Death, but are eventually claimed by him
Death vs. Mankind (especially sinners)
Metaphorically, this represents struggle between immoral people and their inevitable fate Plot of the Pardoner's Tale (cont.) Greed
Pardoner repeatedly says "love of money is the root of all evil"
The men's greed is what leads to their death
Deception vs. Honesty
The men deceive each other for the gold coins
Pardoner deceives people for money CLASS ACTIVITY Plot of the Pardoner's Tale (cont.) Plot of the Pardoner's Tale (cont.)
The Pardoner directly contradicts himself in these two passages; in the first, he says that he only does what he does for money and doesn’t actually care what happens to people. However, in the second passage, when the Pardoner is in full preaching mode, he claims he preaches for no reason except to save people from the sin which he has fallen prey to. This is a perfect example of the contradictory nature of the Pardoner and of the satire of the Pardoner’s tale. Discussion Questions! irony: surface appearance of something is shown to be not the case, but quite the opposite; often done for moral or comic purpose
Pardoner likes to preach theme of "the root of all evil is greed" while he is motivated entirely by a love of money
The three men set out to kill Death, and are all killed themselves Greed is the root of all evil.
Greed comes in many different types of forms, the most common being money. In the Pardoner’s tale, the greed in the three men’s character was especially brought out when they spotted the bales of gold coins underneath the oak tree, where they plotted more evil.
In the Prologue, the Pardoner admits to having fake relics and is aware of the fact that he himself greeds for riches through presenting his fake relics for money, which makes him hypocritical in telling and preaching the emphasized moral of his tale: greed is the root of all evil. The Pardoner “All my preaching is about avarice
and such cursed sins, in order to make them
give freely of their pennies - namely, to me;
for my intention is to win money,
not at all to cast out sins.
I don’t care, when they are buried,
if their souls go a-blackberrying!”
(Chaucer, 72-78) “But I shall explain my intention briefly:
I preach for no cause but covetousness.
Therefore my theme is still, and ever was,
The love of money is the root of all evil.
Thus I can preach against the same vice
which I practice, and that is avarice.
But, though I myself am guilty of that sin,
yet I can make other folk turn
from avarice, and repent solely.”
(Chaucer, 95-103) 1. The Host asks the Pardoner for a silly tale, but others ask for a moral one. The Pardoner switches what he’ll tell at the mere suggestion of unhappiness on some party. What does this say about him?
2. Why does the Pardoner, attempting to tell a moral tale, end with death? Wouldn’t religion/morals deem death not to be the end?
3. The Pardoner says that he can speak properly of morals, but is also described as an immoral, repulsive, untrustworthy person. Are we supposed to agree with his tale?
4. At the end of his tale, he still presents the option of looking at his relics, though he announced them fake. Why would he do that?
5. The old man is a foil to the three young men. What are some points that illustrate this, and why did Chaucer include him?
6. The three young men seem rather stupid. Is the Pardoner praising intelligence?
7. In the majority of Chaucer’s tales, none of the characters had substantial depth to them, not excluding the Pardoner’s tale. However, the Pardoner’s characters are extraordinarily undevelopable. What might this be due to? Passage Analysis Themes Moral Main Characters Conflicts 3 unnamed men
Death Literary Terms satire: witty language used to convey insults or scorn, especially saying one thing but implying the opposite
Savage mockery of faults in the contemporary Church
Satirises exploitation, for money, of credulous people’s reverence for relics Description of Pardoner Chaucer's Inspiration Chaucer’s intentions while creating the Pardoner’s tale was to depict possible corruptions in the church. The Pardoner represents the church; he takes bribes to repent the sins of people by giving them fake relics. The tale that the Pardoner tells has a general theme: greed is bad. However, the Pardoner is quite a money-seeking individual himself. Likewise, the church tells its followers not to be greedy while it often collects money from its patrons at all possible times. aw yeah \m/ break for Connection Prologue Tale the end!! thank you for listening!