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Chemistry - Medicine Project

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by

Sreya Chamathil

on 28 May 2013

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Transcript of Chemistry - Medicine Project

Types of Medicines There are four general types of medicines:
antibiotics
antiseptics
analgesics
antipyretics Chemistry-Related Discovered by Scottish doctor Alexander Fleming
Composed of penicillum chrysogenum Chemistry Meets Biology Medicines are the most important part of the medical field. Medicine-making is closely associated with chemistry because chemicals are mixed together to form cures. How does chemistry help in creating antibiotics? Bibliography "Chemistry for a Healthier World." National Institute of General Medical Sciences. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 May 2013. <publications.nigms.nih.gov/chemhealth/me By Sreya Sara Chamathil What is a medicine? A medicine is a mixture of compounds that serves the purpose of curing an illness. Modern chemistry, along with organic chemistry, have helped to make medicines. Medicines in the same category have the same general chemical structure, though there may be slight variations. For example, all antibiotics chemically look the same. Main Classes of Antibiotics penicillins
cephalosporins
macrolides
fluoroquinolones
sulfonamides
tetracyclines
aminoglycosides "What Are the Different Types of Antibiotics? (with picture)." WiseGEEK. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2013. <http://www.wisegeek.org/what-are-the-different-types-of-antibiotics.htm>. "Chemistry in Our Life: Chemicals in medicines." Chemistry in Our Life. N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2013. <http://esraa-chemist.blogspot.com/2009/09/chemicals-in-medicines.html>. used to treat bacterial infections from STDs Chemical Makeup of Penicillin Molecular Weight Penicillin G: 334.39012

Penicillin V: 350.38952 Chemical Formula: C 16 H 18 N 2 O 5 S How does penicillin work in the body? It breaks down cell walls. One important substance in the cell wall is transpeptidase, which accepts and activates penicillin molecules. When it is activated, penicillin dissolves the cell wall and causes the death of the harmful cell. What is penicillin used for? Stomach ulcers (sores inside the stomach)
Lyme disease (infection spread by ticks)
Gangrene (decomposition of body tissue)
Chlamydia (sexually transmitted infection) Lietz, Jessica. "What Does Penicillin Treat? | eHow." eHow | How to Videos, Articles & More - Discover the expert in you.. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2013. <http://www.ehow.com/facts_4914662_what-does-penicillin-treat.html>. Doverspike, Louie. "How Does Penicillin Work? ." eHow . N.p., n.d. Web. 28 May 2013. <http://www.ehow.com/how-does_4923656_penicillin-work.html>. Acids: Penicillin G is unstable in the presence of an acid. It cannot be ingested by mouth because the pH of stomach acid is 2, so the penicillin would be destroyed before it reached the bloodstream. "Science: Stem Cells 101." StemCells, Inc: Groundbreaking Science. Breakthrough Medicine.. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2013. <http://www.stemcellsinc.com/science/stem-cells-101.htm>. "Blue gel medicine pills - Stock Photo - iStock." iStock Photo: Royalty Free Stock Photography, Vector Art Images, Music & Video Stock Footage - iStock. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2013. <http://www.istockphoto.com/stock-photo-7114111-blue-gel-medicine-pills.php>. Glogster. "2UrnessHattan | Publish with Glogster!." Glogster - join the visual communication network . N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2013. <http://www.glogster.com/gsmithabms/2urnesshattan/g-6ls3qtaia8jh434f51gbfa0>. Morrison, Garrett. "2013 Biotech Wiki Created by 5th Period AP Bio." Cienega Learns. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2013. <http://chslearns.vail.k12.az.us/mod/wiki/view.php?id=26446>. Image Bibliography "Vector of 'illustration of colorful test tubes on white background'." Royalty-free images, illustrations and videos for web and print.. N.p., n.d. Web. 30 May 2013. <http://www.colourbox.com/vector/illustration-of-colorful-test-tubes-on-white-background-vector-2363201>.
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