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Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ)

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Evan Neal

on 2 November 2012

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Transcript of Temporomandibular Joint Syndrome (TMJ)

Temporomandibular Joint (TMJ) Syndrome By: Evan Neal & Mady Weiss Other Symptoms and Signs Ringing in Ears (Tinnitus)

Hearing Loss

Swelling of Face/Mouth

Nausea/Vomiting At Home Treatment Anti-Inflammatory Medication

Eat Soft Foods

Warm Compress for 20 Minutes

Splint/Bite Plate

Corrective Dental Treatments Surgery Open Joint Surgery Surgery Arthroscopy Other Treatments Radio Wave Therapy

Trigger-Point Injections


Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation (TENS) TENS Prognosis Good!
Majority of TMJ cases can be cured with conservative treatment. Jaw joint replacement surgery only needed in 1% of TMJ cases. Works Cited: http://www.emedicinehealth.com/temporomandibular_joint_tmj_syndrome/page8_em.htm
http://www.youtube.com/ watch?v=lP_VPiYnyNs The Joint One of the most complicated in the body Structure
Ball (condyle) and Socket
Articular disc of cartilage
Disc made of fibrocartilaginous tissue
Hinge and sliding Allows: Speaking, chewing, expressions Causes Unbalanced activity of overuse of jaw Habits
Misalignment of teeth or other dental problems
Stress factors
Types of jobs
Sleeping on one side of the mouth Trauma Arthritis/Inflammation Occurrences Very common, no one determining factor
However, some trends

Predisposed in earlier years


Studies: mostly equal between genders; some have women as higher risk

Typically between 20 and 50 years of age The Syndrome The degeneration or displacement of the fibrocartilaginous disc in the temporomandibular joint Pain in facial muscles and jaw joints

Pain in neck and shoulders

Clicking/grating/popping of joints

Restricted jaw movement

Trouble swallowing Common Symptoms and Signs Advancements? Research: relationship btw. TMJ and Headaches

Not many notices of research/discoveries

Over 90% TMJ Syndrome cases cured with conservative treatment Diagnoses Family History
Routine Dental X-Rays/Panoramic Radiographs
CT Scan for bone changes
Magnetic Resonance Imaging

Self Test Push on joint
Open and close
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