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The Scientific Revolution

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by

Lisa Healow

on 29 November 2016

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Transcript of The Scientific Revolution

The Scientific Revolution
called natural philosophy
not a single unified idea
Pre-1500s "Science"
Scientific Changes 1500-1800
Astronomy: infinite universe, heliocentric model
Anatomy: hands-on dissection of human corpses
Mathematics: Arabic numerals with zero, calculus
Botany, Zoology: classification by family relationships
Biology: microscopic examination of reproduction
Chemistry: 33 elements, water separated to H, O
Scientific Changes Brought By
the Crusades
Eurasian trade
voyages of discovery (Age of Exploration)
translation of Greek, Latin and Arabic into vernacular (humanism)
demand for literacy (printing press)
secularization (Renaissance and Protestant Reformation)
movement of people (Black Death)
not subject to or bound by religious rule
the language or dialect spoken by the ordinary people
By 1800 - Science meant "study of nature"
Mid-1800s - Science referred to different fields of physics, chemistry, biology, etc.
1939 - "scientific revolution" first used
The Enlightenment
and
1600s - Enlightenment or Age of Reason
inspired people across Europe to develop and debate new ideas
Parisian women hosted salons - philosophers, artists, scientists, and writers met to discuss ideas
new views on government were developed to improve the human condition
other philosophers dealt with social issues, like religious tolerance and women's rights
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