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Copy of Salem Witch Trials of 1692
Transcript of Copy of Salem Witch Trials of 1692
Lack of Medical Knowledge There were numerous factors and influences that helped create and fuel the trials. The main factors that instigated the trials were:
Reverend Samuel Parris was the minister of Salem during the late 17th century. His family owned a slave from Barbados named Tituba. Betty Parris and Abigail Williams were the daughter and niece of Reverend Parris. Tituba would mystify the girls’ minds with stories of demons and witchcraft. The demon stories caused stress and fear upon the girls, and they started to develop strange physical behavior. Reverend Parris brought them to the village physician to get analyzed, but he could not find anything wrong with their physical condition. The doctor concluded that the girls were victims of witchcraft. The Puritans believed in witches, and they regarded witchcraft as a cardinal sin, so when news of the girls' ailments spread, it heightened into a panic which became the Salem Witch Hysteria. Inhabitants of Salem Bridget Bishop - one of the many accused in the witch trials. She was the most accused person in the trials and was the first “witch” to be hanged. Bishop was notoriously known for her “dubious” moral character. Her style of dress and her so called affairs with many men could have contributed to the accusations against her. Giles Corey - an avid member of the church. He was accused of witchcraft, along with his wife. After being convicted of witchcraft, he was pressed to death with stones because he refused to testify against his wife. John Proctor - a wealthy landowner, accused of witchcraft along with his wife, Elizabeth Proctor. John maintained their innocence all throughout the course of the trials. However, both were convicted and sentenced to hanging.
*John Proctor is the main protagonist of "The Crucible" by Arthur Miller Abigail Williams - one of the first accusers and "victims" of the Salem Witch trials. It was said that she was fabricating her afflicitions to draw attention to herself.
*Abigail Williams is the main antagonist in "The Crucible", by Arthur Miller. Consequences for the Convicted "Witches" People that were accused were thrown in jail, and many died while in captivity. Hanging was the most common form of execution for those proven "guilty". Other forms were burning at the stake, and "peine forte et dure", the piling of heavy stones on top of a person until death, or until they agreed to stand trial. Outcomes of the Salem Witch Trials By the end of May 1963: Nearly 200 people had been thrown in jail for suspicion of witchcraft.
Nineteen convicted witches were executed.
Four accused witches died in prison.
One man, Giles Corey, had been pressed to death. After the witch trials ended, the judges that presided over the trials feared that they had put innocent people to death.
In regret, they issued public confessions of apology and sorrow. Works Cited:
Other Persecutions Throughout History Other persecutions in history The Holocaust was the genocide of Soviet civilians, people with disabilities, Soviet prisoners of war, Polish citizens, Jews, homosexuals, Jehovah's Witnesses and other political and religious opponents. The estimated death toll ranges from 11 million to 17 million. Quiz Time! 1. Why was Giles COrey sentenced to death by pressing?
2.Who is accused of causing the afflictions to Ann Putnam and the other young girls?
3.What was the real reason for Bridget Bishop's hanging?
4. Who was the Puritan minister in Salem who owned Tituba as a slave?
5. Name a form of execution used during the Salem Witch trials. Community
Influence Prestigious families, like the Putnams, could use their influence to accuse their enemies of being witches to hurt them and get their way. Social Divisions The wealthy class of Salem was filled with accusers, while the lower class was filled with the accused. So, if personal issues occurred between the two vastly different classes, then accusing someone of witchcraft was the way to get rid of troublesome enemies. Lack of Medical Knowledge Since there was no real medical knowledge, the cause chosen for the physical illness that the victims experienced, which all included the same symptoms, was witchcraft. Today, proof shows that ergot was the reason behind the fits of the afflicted. It would grow on the rye bread, which was harvested around the same time the fits began.