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Copy of Synthesis Template


Marcus Harbison

on 29 April 2013

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Transcript of Copy of Synthesis Template

Marcus Harbison
What has the effects of students with mental illnesses on college campuses had on the safety of the students that go to these schools? Safety on Campuses Eliza Shapiro states that some schools such as Harvard have as little as 17 therapists on staff, and how very understaffed they really are(4). Some students seeking help at Harvard don't receive it, and they end up feeling more ignored than ever. Schools around the country have started to "rethink their approaches to mental health in the wake of high-profile suicides" (Shapiro 3).The student to counselor ratio is not nearly where it should be in the U.S., and there's no way for colleges to be able to keep up with all of the demands that they have in these departments. Psychology departments in college don't receive enough support Shapiro speaks on how college psychological departments are under supported when she says students from Harvard have reported "that they have suicidal thoughts, and the university taking up to 3 weeks to get back to them" (2). In Ritger's article she shows agreement with Shapiro by talking about how school's psychiatric departments aren't suitable to handle the needs of the rising number of students with mental illnesses, and students might have to take a "leave" from school (1). My sources show agreement with each other because they both believe the support and funding for college psychiatric departments isn't enough. Also, the growing number of students coming to college with mental health problems is creating more diverse health concerns, and increasing the demand for counseling services in universities. I didn't really have a strong opinion on this subject, but based on some of the recent violent incidents that have occurred in colleges, especially Virginia Tech, I could tell that the need for more efficient psychological departments in universities was a big deal. My research has showed me that multiple colleges in the U.S. don't have the resources to support the growing number of students with mental illnesses. Sum up the debate That students with mental illnesses on college campuses did pose a threat to those around them and themselves based on the college shootings that had happened in the past, and i believed most colleges had poor funding or support for their psychology department. Also, I was unaware of the high and still increasing number of suicides that happen on college campuses each year. I believed... I believe that it's proven by the research that I've done that the psychiatric resources to college students is insufficient at universities across the nation. Also I think the awareness that goes into helping these students with the mental issues they deal with on a daily basis needs to be increased so that universities are able to maintain safer environments. Based on the recent college shootings that have taken place in places like Virginia Tech, schools need to quickly act to give students the proper resources to seek medical help, and can't keep ignoring the signs students give that they need help. Offering these psychiatric resources will help lower suicide rates among college campuses in the U.S., and also decrease depression and anxiety students are experiencing when going into their first years of college. I also believe that with colleges taking a more "hands on" approach to the needs of their students reaching out for help, the overall atmosphere of these schools will be better, and schools will also see changes in students academics resulting in higher gpa's among more students. Now I believe... Clara Ritger states students from Notre Dame find it almost impossible to see a counselor because there is no "full-time psychiatrist" (1). In fact many colleges across the nation don't supply these kinds of psychiatrists, unfortunately only some see it as their duties to provide the "mental health care support", and to properly watch over these needs for their students (Ritger 2). The problem with this for colleges is that once students see that there is no help offered to them through their university, they'll go elsewhere and this results in the school losing that students money, which is causing more schools to offer better counseling services to their students. Danger students with mental illness pose to themselves and those around them I think that my two sources show clear examples of the dangers that students with mental illness present to themselves and also the people around them. Flynn and Heitzmann talk about the sudden ways a student with a mental illness can snap on society and go to drastic measures to commit such violent acts (1). Shapiro connects with this by stating how the suicide rates among students across America with mental issues such as depression and anxiety can pose such a threat to themselves, and how they are willing to act on their illnesses. (3)They speak on different aspects of the danger spectrum, one being suicide, and one being on killing the very students that they go to school with, but they both relate how students can be a danger to the people around them and themselves. My sources have changed my perspective on this topic, and I realize that there is a growing need for universities to increase their support for their psychiatric departments, and to have more resources available to students with mental health concerns. Sum up the debate Another argument for the dangers that students pose to themselves such as the frighteningly high rate of suicides across college campuses in the U.S. is addressed by Eliza Shapiro, a writer for The Daily Beast. She writes about the students in college seeking out psychological help, but just aren't getting it at their schools, and how much of a problem this presents to the students and the schools reputation that they go to. Many students are going into their counseling departments reporting "symptoms of depression and suicide, and schools can take up to 3 weeks to get back to them" (Shapiro 3). According to Shapiro "schools around the U.S. have been forced to rethink their approaches to mental health in the wake of high-profile suicides"(3). NYU is one of the schools Shapiro mentions as one of the "highest suicide rates in America" even though the school claims to having an upstanding counseling department (3). In Melissa Wood's article she goes on to talk about the things universities are doing to better their psychology departments. One of the topics she speaks on is the "Mental Health on Campus Improvement Act of 2009" and the things it focuses on such as " to improve mental health awareness, services, and resources on college campuses nationwide" (8). The act tries to increase " access to services, promote outreach, and better indentify at-risk college students" (8). According to Wood this legislation has increased colleges efficiency to handle students with mental illnesses. One of Wood's sources touches on things colleges can do to better their counseling services, and they identify things such as "colleges must set a specific plan in motion to combat the issue of mental instability and the lack of services on campuses" (8). Wood also goes on to talk about that the administrators in colleges who care about making their psychology departments more effective have to take notice of the "importance" of these department's attentiveness to these counseling services, and the severity of their importance. What colleges are doing to increase the support for their psychological departments Melissa Wood talks about how multiple universities have created good counseling services for students to help them deal with mental problems. One thing she talks about is schools offering "cyber mental services geared to the reduction of suicides" (9). In similarity the American Psychiatric Association believes that colleges are taking effective steps to provide more effective psychiatric resources to students such as the "Active Mind Program" (2). Wood shows agreement with the American Psychiatric Association by showing examples of different steps colleges are taking to promote a more efficient psychological department, and to help create more emotionally healthy students. I believe that with the new programs colleges are starting, college students will experience a better peace of mind in colleges, and the trade off will be less violence for students with mental illnesses and the students around those with mental illnesses. I'm in agreement with the articles that I read from Wood and the APA and believe that colleges are doing things to better their psychological resources to their students. Sum up the debate In one of their online journals the American Psychiatric Association gives examples and statistics of some of the top "mental health issues"college students are bringing to college campuses (1). They indicate that the top mental illnesses that students have at universities across the country are "depression, anxiety, substance use and eating disorders" (1). It also talks about how depression can make drug use more likely, effect a students academic performance, and also hinder a students progression into adulthood while at college. The article talks about some of the things that are probable to cause depression and anxiety in college students and lists some examples such as " academics, financial reasons, intimate relations, family, and sleep difficulties" (1). In a survey conducted by the American College Health Association Survey More than half the students with mental issues were experiencing depression and anxiety (2). The top two mental health concerns in today's college campuses are depression and anxiety and they are effecting students academics and social lives The American Psychiatric Association shows how high the percentages of college students who are experiencing anxiety or depression with their statistics on the subject and showing the students who have had "feelings of hopelessness" have reached shockingly high rates (1). Wood shares a lot of the same examples and statistics as the APA, for example when she talks about how "clinical depression and suicidal tendencies have tripled in the past 20 years," and supports showing the increase of students with depression and anxiety on college campuses (7). I think my sources show agreement with each other because they both give examples and statistics about the increasing rate students are experiencing anxiety and depression on college campuses, and the problem this really poses on students academics, and thus the college's reputation. I was shocked to see the APA's statistics on the level of student's with anxiety and depression, but I can understand the causes of these things, as a person coming into their freshmen year I find myself experiencing a small sense of anxiety on days before a paper is due, or in weeks where I have multiple tests. I believe a happy school is a good school, and that when a school only see's it as their duties to provide a higher education, and to not worry about the moral of the students or the student as an individual, it not only impacts the student negatively but also the school. Sum up the debate Clara Ritger talks about the number of college students arriving to college with mental illness has increased two-fold in 2012 (1). Students from Notre Dame find it almost impossible to see a counselor because there is no "full-time psychiatrist" (Ritger 1). The stress colleges are giving students are also multiplying such as things like "grades, social relationships, finances, and the transitions to college" (Ritger 2). Ritger also lets us know some good alternatives rather than going and seeking psychological help, like things such as "eating and sleeping well" (2). She also talks about some of the different counseling departments different schools have in the U.S., and how some are much more effective than others. The number of Students coming to college with mental illnesses is increasing across the nation Sum up the debate Works Cited students.” American Psychiatric Association. (2011) Web.
24 March 2013
Gibson, Emily. “Mental illness in the college student.” KevinMD.com. (2011)
Web. 23 March 2013
Heitzman, Dennis and Christopher Flynn. “Tragedy at Virginia Tech:
Trauma and its Aftermath." The Counseling Psychologist. 36.3
(2008): 479- 489. ERIC. Web. 20 March 2013.
Ritger, Clara. “University mental health resources strained under increased
need.” USA Today. 26 March 2013 : Web. 28 March 2013.
Shapiro, Eliza. “Mental-Health breakdown: When Harvard fails its students.”
The Daily Beast. (2013)Web. 22 March 2013.
Wood, Melissa. "The State of Mental Health on College Campuses." Journal
of the Virginia Community Colleges 17.1 (2012): 5-15. Eri“Collegec. Web. 19
March 2013. Melissa Wood explains how the ever changing backgrounds that students are coming to college with are making colleges have to come up with more psychiatric options. One of her references M.A. Kitzrow states, " the increase in the number of students who are presenting with major mental health problems can be attributed to earlier, increased and more effective diagnoses" (Wood 7). Wood also talks about how the reports from the counseling department at Kansas State University indicated a big increase in student mental health concerns, and "over a 13 year period they rose 60%" (Wood 7). Thus colleges do not have the means to "follow up" with students after their check ups, with the increasing number of students (Wood 8). In Flynn and Heitzman's article "Tragedy at Virginia Tech:Trauma and its aftermath" they explain the events that went on the day of the Virginia Tech shooting done by Seung-Hui Choi. Flynn and Heitzmann describe Cho as being the "typical school shooter: He had a history of feeling persecuted, of previous suicidal ideation,and of writing material with suicidal and homicidal ideation, and like other shooters he was careful in his planning, did not threaten the victims previously, and he was stopped by his own hand" (3). Before his violent actions he showed a hatred for his fellow students, and really the "world" for all the things that have happened to him throughout his life, and he presented this in a video (Flynn, Heitzmann 2). Cho not only expressed a threat to himself, but clearly after killing 30 people expressed a danger to the people around him. This shows how serious people with mental illnesses, whether they be depression or feelings of isolation, can be so dangerous, and the horrific acts they can commit. In her article Ritger shows colleges can't keep up with the increasing number of students coming to college with mental illnesses with the statistics she presents on the volume of students who come to college with "depression and other types of mental issues" (1). Wood shows how she concurs with this when she talks about colleges inability to keep up with the demand of helping students with mental illnesses, and her statistics she gets from her sources on the "changing demographics of college students have led to the need for varying more comprehensive mental health resources" (7). I think both of my sources showed good agreement on the rising number of students with mental illness on college campuses, and how most campuses don't have the proper resources to keep up with all of those students needs. I didn't really have an opinion on this because I wasn't educated enough on the number of mental illnesses of students at different universities, but my opinion has changed and based on my research I have found that colleges psychology departments are increasingly having a hard time keeping up with the demands they are presented with, and I think colleges should help these departments out because of their priceless work that they do in having their own say in keeping their college campus safe. I haven't actually witnessed nearly any students with mental illness from my personal experiences so far at college, but from this information I know there is a large presence of them. Melissa Wood elaborates on the American Psychiatric Association's argument in her journal about the mental conditions on college campuses today, and that depression and anxiety are on the rise, and how these issues are posing problems for student counseling services at universities around the country (6). Wood claims, that over the past 20 years students coming to college with "clinical depression and suicidal tendencies have tripled. Likewise, twice as many students with anxiety issues now seek help from their college counseling departments" (6). One of Wood's sources being the American College Health Association National College Health Assessment gives great insight on the percentage of students at college who have depression and others who have anxiety and how they are the majority of students on campus with mental health concerns in today's colleges (7). According to Wood more than half of students on college campuses are experiencing depression, and at least half are experiencing anxiety which is a scary large number for that many people to be experiencing these illnesses. According to the American Psychiatric Association colleges across the U.S. are currently taking steps to improve their counseling services that they offer to their students who seek mental help. One of the programs the APA mentions is called "Active Minds:Student Run Mental Health Organization on Campus," and it tries to create a better atmosphere for people to be able to openly talk about psychological issues in universities across the country. It also strives to help students try to find counseling as quickly as possible, and acts as a middle man between students and the counseling departments in colleges. Another program the APA mentions in their article is the "Transition Year Initiative" (2). In this program the APA partners up with the "Jed Foundation" and "is seeking to help teens during the critical transition period from high school to college" (2). The program offers free resources on the web for the "emotional transition into college life." This helps make a students first steps into college go a lot smoother, and reduces the effects of them feeling overwhelmed or anxiety when they get there.
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