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Abby Adams

on 26 April 2010

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Transcript of Appalachia

Appalachia Language Facts History Poverty Definition Resources Financial
Having the money to purchase goods and services.

Being able to control emotional responses, particulary in negative situaitons, without engaging in self-destructive behavior.
Having the mental abilities and aquired skills to deal with daily life. Spiritual
Believing in divine purpose and guidance Physical
Having physical health and mobility Support Systems
Having friends, family, and backup resources available to access in times of need. Relationships
Having close companions in which you can rely on. 26% of the population live at or below the poverty line.
55,541 households have an annual income of less than $10,000.
4,341 housing units lack complete plumbing.
2,382 homes do not have complete kitchens.
31,236 households do not have a vehicle.
19,254 households cannot afford a telephone. Appalachian language is disfavored by many educated individuals
Classified as archaic
Many of the expressions used are found in the texts of Shakespeare, and the men who contributed to the King James version of the Bible
"Scottish-flavored Elizabethan English" Fornenst is a word that has many variants. It can mean either "next to" or "opposite from."

"Look at that big rattler quiled up fornenst the fence post!" This mountain isolation, which began as physical isolation enforced by rugged topography, became mental and cultural isolation, holding people in disadvantaged areas, resisting those changes that would bring them into contact with the outside world. The effect of conditions thus becomes a new cause of conditions, but the cause is now an attitude, not a mountain.

(Rupert Vance, "An Introductory Note," in Weller, Yesterday's People, p. vii.) Land brought farmers and miners to mountain area
Economic boom after the U.S. Civil War By the 1950s, poor farming techniques and the loss of jobs to mechanization in the mining industry had left much of Central and Southern Appalachia poverty-stricken. Attention to region's plight came in the 1960s, prompting Congress to create the Appalachian Regional Commission in 1965. Although there have been drastic improvements in the region's economic conditions since the commission's founding, the ARC still listed 81 counties as "distressed" in 2008 The extent to which an individual does without resources. Present Automation in the mining industry coupled with competition from the outside, cost more than 84,028 miners their jobs between 1980 and 1990.
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