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Meth Amphetamine

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Transcript of Meth Amphetamine

Methamphetamine Crystal Meth (Methamphetamine) is a very addictive stimulant drug that is also known as crank, crystal, speed, 417, chalk, go-fast, and zip. Methamphetamine is a central nervous system stimulant categorized by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration as a Schedule II amphetamine, which means it has a high potential for abuse and for psychological or physical dependence. A Japanese pharmacologist first synthesized methamphetamine in 1919. History In the 1930s, amphetamine was introduced in the form of inhalers for rhinitis and asthma treatment. The stimulant, euphoric, and anorectic effects of amphetamine were quickly recognized, leading to its abuse. An estimated 12 million persons aged 12 and older (4.9% of US persons aged 12 or older) had used methamphetamine at least once in their lifetime. SAMHSA estimated that from 1993 through 2003, the rate of admissions for the treatment of methamphetamine or amphetamine abuse increased from 13 to 56 admissions per 100,000 for people aged 12 or older How it is used Methamphetamine is smoked, injected, snorted, swallowed, or inserted into the anus. Potential of abuse It has a high potential for abuse and dependence and is associated with neurocognitive impairment. How is the drug absorbed? Amphetamines stimulate the central nervous system and are absorbed through the gut, airway, nasopharynx, muscle, placenta, anus, and vagina. What are the immediate neurological effects on the body when using the drug? Psychological effects can include euphoria, anxiety, increased libido, aggression excessive feelings of power and invincibility. What neurotransmitters physiology is involved when using the drug? Meth can bind to the nerve receptors and confuse the brain by mimicking certain neurotransmitters, causing unnatural chemical reactions to occur. With chronic and/or high doses, convulsions, heart attacks, strokes, repetitive and obsessive behaviors, paranoia, and death can occur. What are the long-term neurological effects and risks on the body after continued use?
Methamphetamine is FDA approved in the United States for the treatment of ADHD and exogenous obesity. What are some legitimate, licit medical uses for the drug? How do people have used the drug described the "high" from the drug you have researched? During the use of Methamphetamine, one may oftentimes feel an elated numbness and invincibility, which may sometimes lead to serious injury. How/where is the drug getting into the hands of our population? What are the current trafficking trends?’ How much does the drug cost? What are some of the best treatment resources for breaking addiction or dependency on Methamphetamine? Like most other substances, methamphetamine is best
aided by the help of twelve-step programs. The specific twelve-step fellowship for methamphetamine is called Crystal Meth Anonymous.
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