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Breast Cancer

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Mariah Hebert

on 7 December 2015

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Transcript of Breast Cancer

What is Breast Cancer?
-Lump in the breast or underarm that persists after your menstrual cycle.
Signs of Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer develops in the breast tissue, primarily in the milk ducts. Even if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body it's still treated as if it was breast cancer, this is known as "Advanced Cancer".
Stages of Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer stages range from:
-Early Breast Cancer
-Curable Breast Cancer
-Metastatic Breast Cancer.
This stage is based on the size of the tumor and whether the cancer has spread or not.
Early Breast Cancer
The most curable Breast Cancer is
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
Curable Breast Cancer
Metastatic Breast Cancer
, also called stage IV or advanced Breast Cancer, it is Breast Cancer that has spread beyond the breast to other organs in the body (most often the bones, lungs, liver or brain).
Metastatic Breast Cancer
Lobular carcinoma
is Cancer that begins in the glands of the breast that make milk, these glands are called lobules. About 1 in 10 breast cancers are this type.
Types of Breast Cancer
The sooner you're diagnosed with breast cancer the better the odds of getting successful treatments are higher.
Detection of Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer
By: Mariah Hebert
In all forms of Breast Cancer, the abnormal tissue that makes up Breast Cancer is the patient's own cells that have multiplied uncontrollably.
These cells may also travel to locations in the body where they aren't normally found.
-Swelling in the armpit
-Pain or tenderness in breasts
-Noticeable flattening or indent in breasts
-Change in size, color, contour, texture, or temperature
-A change in the nipple or unusual discharge
-A distinctly different color in part of the breast.
Stages of Breast Cancer
Normal Breast cancer consists of milk-producing glands that are connected to the surface of the skin at the nipple by narrow ducts.
Different types of Breast Cancer grow and spread at different rates.
Ductal carcinoma
is Cancer that begins in the milk ducts of the breast. The milk ducts are thin tubes that carry milk from the lobules to the nipple. About 8 in 10 breast cancers are this type.
Stages I, IIA, IIB, and IIIA are considered "early-stage" Breast Cancer and refer to cancers that may have spread to nearby lymph nodes but not to distant parts of the body.
It refers to cancer cells that are present in the duct that have not penetrated the duct walls into the surrounding tissue.
This is the most common form of noninvasive breast cancer.
Self Exams
: The American Cancer Society says they're optional for women but should start exams in their 20s. You should wait 3-5 days after your period to self exam.
: should start around ages 40-45 and after age 50 should be completed every two years. Mammograms can detect a lump up to 2 years before they can be felt.
All Breast Cancer treatments have two goals: To rid the body of as much of the cancer as possible and prevent it from coming back.
Types of Treatments:
-Radiation Therapy
-Hormone Treatment
-Targeted therapy
Life During Treatment
-Chemotherapy, radiation, surgery, and combination therapy are all big contributors of the fatigue side effect.
-You're most likely going to experience fatigue while you're getting treated for breast cancer, it's the most common side effect.
-Eating well during the treatments is a big thing because you need to eat enough to keep up your energy and make sure you're not losing too much weight.
-Eating may be difficult while in treatment because of being nausea, vomitting, mouth sores, dry mouth, and lack of appetite.
-During treatment you should consume foods that are high in calorie and protein packed.
-Women who exercise throughout treatments have an improved outcome compared to those who don't.
Method of Prevention
-Avoid becoming overweight. Obesity raises the risk of breast cancer after menopause, the time of life when breast cancer most often occurs.

-Eat healthy to avoid tipping the scale.

-Keep physically active.

-Drink little or no alcohol.
Breast Cancer Statistics
-About 1 in 8 U.S. women (about 12%) will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of her lifetime.
-In 2015, an estimated 231,840 new cases of invasive breast cancer are expected to be diagnosed in women in the U.S.
-About 40,290 women in the U.S. are expected to die in 2015 from breast cancer, though death rates have been decreasing since 1989.
-For women in the U.S., breast cancer death rates are higher than those for any other cancer, besides lung cancer.
Economic Impact of Breast Cancer
The economic impact of breast cancer disparities is considerable. A report from the Collaborating to Conquer Cancer organization and Susan G. Komen estimates we can save at least $674 million annually in direct medical costs alone by reducing the disparities in breast cancer access and treatment.
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