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Transcript of Pottery
3.Porcelain what are the materials? -Clay
-Kaolin (pure white clay from China) preparation of materials: 1. Quarrying clay from riverbanks
or clay deposits 2.Cleaning and sedimentation then
separating the clay from twigs, stones etc. 3. Let it dry until it has a dough-like
consistency 4.Mix in proper with other substances (feldspar, sand, ash, metal fillings) What are the techniques used? There are 6 common ways of working with clay. 1.Slab Making/ Slab Method 2. Coiling 3. Throwing 4. Anvil and paddle 5. Cradling 6. Molding How did pottery evolve in the Philippines? Pre-Trading Era Pottery 6000 BC – earliest evidences of Philippine Pottery making found in Laurente Cave, Cagayan Kalanay Pottery Complex – found in Cotabato & Batangas
Tabon Pottery Complex – found in various cave sites in Palawan
Bagupanto Pottery Complex – found in Kalanay Cave, Masbate
Asin Pottery Complex – found in Davao del Sur 2000 BC – Sa-hyunh Kalanay Tradition, excavated from the Kalanay Cave, Masbate, encompasses related variations of pottery found in many sites over a wide area, divided into 4 complexes 800 BC – time which the Manunggul Jar was dated; pots with particularly creative and attractive designs were commonly made. 250 BC- 4th century- Novaliches Tradition, Novaliches cave site 10th century – evidences of Bau-Malay Tradition/ Geometric Pottery of South China are found in coastal sites in Mindanao, Bohol, Palawan. Philippine pottery has reached a high level of artistry •Trading Era 13th century- chinese porcelain and stoneware from the Sung and Yuan Dynasty are introduced 14th century- chinese celadon pieces were prized above all by Filipinos, greater than local ware. Mid-14th century – chinese ceramic trade declined; Vietnam and Thailand filled the gap. 15th century – Sawankhalok Thai ceramics were introduced. 20%-40% of ceramics found in local graves in Mindoro and Southern Luzon are Sawankhalok and Sukothai ceramics. 16th century – Spanish colonization. The tradeware expanded to Europe what were the usual themes? Geometric symbols Circle
Triangle Tones Earth toned
White toned Material and Design Clay
Art and faith maitum quadrangular burial jar calatagan ritual pot art and gender maitum anthropomorhic burial jars art and power 14th century blue and white porcelain bowl puerto galera blue and white jar reference CCP encyclopedia of Philippine art http://www.nationalmuseum.gov.ph/National%20Museum/National%20Cultural%20Treasure%20in%20Archaeology.html http://factoidz.com/qingbai-ceramics-a-part-of-ancient-philippine-burial-tradition/ http://decipheredcalataganpotscripts.com/pressrelease.html http://www.flickr.com/photos/jayson_villaruz2008/2617161447/ http://www.susu-saaa.org/art/china/49590.php http://factoidz.com/qingbai-ceramics-a-part-of-ancient-philippine-burial-tradition/ http://www.nt.gov.au/nreta/museums/virtual/seagallery/gallery/fish.html http://www.corbisimages.com/Enlargement/QC001214.html