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Kieft's War/ Peach Tree War
Irina Achaon 15 November 2012
Transcript of Kieft's War/ Peach Tree War
or Economic? Effects of the Peach Tree War Causes of Kieft's War *Young indian girl entered the orchard of Henry Van Dyck.
*She climbed the tree with the aim of picking a peach.
*Van Dyck saw this as an offense and killed her with his rifle. This took place on September 15, 1655.
*500 Indians attacked Hoboken, Pavonia and Staten Island for three days.
*The Dutch were undefended because the Director-General of New Netherland, Peter Stuyvesant, was away from his headquarters at Fort Amsterdam with about 600 soldiers to secure the colony of New Sweden for the Dutch. *Death of 100 Dutch
*Capture of 150 Dutch
*Wounding of Van Dyck
*Devastation of homes
*The captives were held at Paulus Hook, and were returned for ransom which included powder and lead.
*Stuyvesant returned home and had to negotiate with the Indians.
*The "Peach Tree War" was the last major Dutch- Indian hostility in the colony. Peach Tree War The reason for this war seems to be political. Kieft was determined to gain as much power as he possibly could. He was instructed by the council of the twelve, the first popularity elected body in the New Netherlands, to not attack the Weckuaesgeek; however, after dismissing the council two weeks later, Kieft launched an attack on two camps of refugee Weckquaesgeek and Tappan, commencing the Keift’s war. Wilhem Kieft was the new found ruler New Netherlands. The economy was booming in this settlement. However, on August 1641, Claes Swits an elderly immigrant from Switzerland was killed by a Weckquaesgeek of his long acquaintance. Kiefts wanted to know who the murderer was and asked the Weckquaesgeek village to hand over the person. Kieft was determined to use this event as a pretext for war of extermination. Kieft’s War: Where, when and who was involved? WHO: Those who took part in Kiefts War included settlers of the Nascent colony, of New Netherland, and the Native Lenape. Also involved were the Dutch colonists and Indians. It is named for Director of New Netherland, Wilhelm Kieft, who had ordered an attack without approval of his advisory council and against the wishes of the colonists.
WHERE: Kiefts War mainly took place within the Native Lenape population in what would later become the New York metropolitan area of the United States and in Pavonia or Jersey City, New Jersey
WHEN: Also known as the Wappinger War, Kieft's War occurred from 1643 until 1645. The Peach Tree War started on September 15,1655 when a young Indian girl entered Henry Van Dyck’s orchard to pick a peach from one of his peach trees. He was appalled by her action and killed her with a rifle . This took place in New Netherland. In the end, Van Dyck was wounded when a war broke out, started by the Indians against the Dutch, who were left undefended. Peach Tree War: When, where and
who was involved? Causes of the Peach Tree War WHERE, WHEN AND WHO WERE INVOLVED? Kieft's War and Peach Tree War CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF THE CONFLICT Peach Tree War and Kieft's War *Tension began to build up between the Dutch and the natives before the war actually started
*Kieft then ordered an attack on the Indians in Pavonia, he told his children to spare women and children
*Eighty Dutch soldiers reached Pavonia on the night of February 25, 1643
*They ended up killing 80 men, women, and children in a rampage. *As a result of the Dutch attack, 11 native tribes gathered for retaliation across New Netherlands.
*Dutch homes were destroyed, people were taken captive and a lot of them also died.
*Less fortunate Dutch people escaped to New Amsterdam where they saw their homes and crops burn to nothing.
*Peace did not return to the area until a cease-fire agreement ended the hostilities in August of 1645. Effects of Kieft's War Were these Causes: Economic, Social , or Political? Kieft's War The Peach Tree War was mainly a social conflict. The war started because a Dutch man shot and killed a native girl. The girl took a peach from a tree that she spotted, and she ended up dying. Back then, the natives thought that everyone's land was shared, no one physically owned a piece of land. However, the Dutch thought that the land was theirs and no one else could have it, therefore he took the girls' action offensively and killed her. His action was not necessary but that was the mind-set in those times. It was a big misunderstanding and a social conflict between two different people who believed two different things. We think that both the Peach Tree War and the Kiefts War could have been prevented. After conducting research, we have found that both wars were conducted because of ill feelings that may have just developed through misunderstandings. In the case of the Peach Tree War, the Dutch and Indian motives for the war resulted from bitterness and ignorance. As for Kiefts War it was conducted because of Wilhem Kiefts' negative feelings towards the Native Americans, and the disobeying of orders. If both parties could have refrained from acting upon negative “racial” feelings and engaged in a conversation about their discernment of each other, the wars would have most likely not have even occurred, and could have been resolved without violence. They could have come to an agreement, the two wars were uncalled for. Could the two wars have
been prevented? By: Sarah Oliveira, Irina Acha, Alcides Costa, Rocio Solorzano, Uchenna Achebe, Corrina Hunter, and Katherine Mendoza