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Developmental Stages of Infants (birth - 12 months

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Charlene Hill

on 29 September 2015

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Transcript of Developmental Stages of Infants (birth - 12 months

0-12 Months
Developmental Stages of Infants (birth - 12 months)
By: Charlene Hill
4 to 6 months
Physical Development
Language and Communication
Birth to 3 months
Physical Development
May lose 5-8% of birthweight, but should regain in within two weeks.
should gain about 2 lbs per month
requires 110 kcal/kg/day
Length increases about 1.4 inches per month
Head circumference increases about 0.8 inches per month
Sleeps approximately 16 hours per day
Growth spurt at approximately 6 to 8 weeks
At 2 months
the anterior fontanel will still be open and should not be bulging or be depressed
the infant will look round and chubby
At 2-3 months
the posterior fontanel closes
Motor Development
Newborn reflexes present at birth: Sucking, rooting, asymmetric tonic neck, Moro, and grasp
From birth, the infants reflexes will allow them to turn their head and suckle when you touch their cheek
They have momentary head control when held sitting
They extend and flex limbs in nondirected swipes
Language and Communication
The newborn is able to give clear signals of distress by crying, arching, or gagging.
The infant appears to "listen" and watches your face when you talk to him
By 7 to 8 weeks, the baby begins to coo and is making more sounds other than crying
By 3 months, the baby is able to
smile at mom's voice
squeals and laughs spontaneously
gurgles and babbles

7 to 9 months
Physical Development
Motor Development
10 to 12 months
Physical Development
Motor Development
Language and Communication
Social and Emotional
Social and Emotional
Language and Communication
Social and Emotional

Emotional and Social
Smiles spontaneously and fleetingly to sensory stimulation from parent
Looks at person alertly and directly
Quiets in response to being held, seeing human face, or hearing voice
Shows affection by looking at a person while kicking, waving arms, and smiling
Shows distress, excitement, contentment, and delight
can self-soothe and quiet self by sucking
Limited vision, but newborns able to focus briefly on a face or bright light within visual range
Coordinates eye movements and able to follow moving objects
The sense of smell is most acute
Hearing is fairly well developed
Able to clearly discriminate between voices and responds to sounds
Associates certain behaviors with certain people
Have various facial expressions
Sensorimotor stage
Discover sensation and motor abilities. Hand are a part of themselves, a ball is not. Learn object permanence

Developmental Theories
Oral stage
Mouth, lips, tongue are erogenous zones. Sucking, then biting, is pleasurable. Conflict arises as a result of weaning from breastfeeding.
Developmental Theories
Developmental Stages:
Social & Emotional
Language & Communication

9 Most important infant milestones (2012) video retrieved from www.youtube.com/watch?v=bfxQH9YLNoQ

Burns, C. E., Dunn, A. M., Brady, M. A., Starr, N. B., & Blosser, C. G. (2013). Pediatric primary care. (5th ed.). Philadelphia, PA: Saunders.

CDC (2015) Child Development. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/childdevelopment/positiveparenting/infants.html

CDC (n.d.) Positive Parenting Tips for Healthy Child Development. Retrieved from http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/childdevelopment/positiveparenting/pdfs/infants-0-1-w-npa.pdf

Duncan, P. (2008). Bright Futures: Guidelines for Health Supervision of Infants, Children, and Adolescents. (3rd ed.). Pocket Guide. Elk Grove Village, IL: American Academy of Pediatrics.

Google Images. All photographs retrieved from https://images.google.com/

Infant Safety (2015). Retrieved from http://www.safekids.org/infantsafety
Developmental Theory by Freud
Cognitive Theory by Piaget
Trust vs. Mistrust
Learn to trust self or others (or not)
Psychosocial Theory by Erikson
Teaching and Safety
Car seat and travel safety
Sleep safety
Play and home safety
Bath and water safety
Feeding safety
Skin Care
Breastfeeding benefits
Childhood Immunizations
Begins to respond to "no", but does not understand what it means
Distinguishes emotions by tone of voice
Babbles chains of consonants
Responds to own name
Has routines and patterns
Have doubled their birth weight
Able to sleep through the night - allow to self soothe
Transfers objects from one hand to another
Grasps object in front of him
Encourage lots of tummy time
Rolls over
Sits up with and without support
Moves objects to mouth
They begin to understand that parents are responding to their needs
Encourage parents to provide consistency and be emotionally available for their infant to build a solid foundation of trust
Increased awareness of the environment
Enjoys social play and people
Smiles frequently
Laughs out loud and shows enjoyment
Visual and touch exploration
Able to appreciate different textures, tastes, and shapes
Interested in surroundings and activities around them
Follows moving objects
Recognizes familiar objects and people at a distance
Starts using hands and eyes in coordination
Responds to familiar words or her name
Using different voice tones and pitches
Uses different sounds to express different emotions
Blows bubbles
Starting to put consonants and vowels together
Gain about 3 to 4 ounces per week
Length increases by about 2 inches
Can see as clear as an adult
Can support own weight on legs
Able to move with purpose
Can eat mashed solids and soft finger foods
Responds to other peoples emotions
Clearly displays their own emotions
Stranger anxiety
Separation anxiety
Realize they are a separate person
Enjoys social play and social interaction
Can comfort themselves by holding a special toy or blanket
Understand cause and effect
Explores objects by banging, shaking, throwing, and dropping them
Hand-eye coordination is better
Begin to anticipate things (running water = bath)
Able to use fingers to pick up objects
Transfers objects from hand to another
Can scoot or crawl
Sits up with and without support
Develops hand control
Pays increasing attention to speech
Can name/recognize pictures in books
Can look for an object when named
Responds to verbal requests
Tries to imitate words
Growth spurts
Gain approximately 1 pound per month
Can turn in a circle while sitting
Regular bowel and bladder elimination patterns
Able to twist upper body to pick up objects
Can hold a spoon
Hold a cup with two hands
Puts objects in and take them out of containers
Able to stack blocks
Can pull self up to stand
Holds objects/crayons with pointer finger and thumb
Shows emotions when feeling happy, sad, mad, or hurt
Shows affection to familiar people
Very interested in social interaction and other children
Develop independence
Object permanence
Able to find a completely hidden object
Can wave "bye-bye"
Can recognize themselves in the mirror
Understand much of what is said to them
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