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The String Family

Elementary general music introduction to the string family, accompanied with performance samples.
by

Maggie Haggerty

on 3 February 2014

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Transcript of The String Family

The String Family
Instrument Basics
There are four "families" of instruments:
-Woodwind -Brass
-Strings -Percussion
The way you must place your lips to play a wind instrument (woodwind or brass) is called the
embouchure.
Every
vibration.
sound in the world is made by
What makes a string instrument?
Sound is produced by either plucking, strumming, or bowing a string to produce the vibration.
String instrument facts:
-plucking a string is called "
pizzicato
"
-tuning pegs adjust the pitch of each string.
-bows are made of wood and horse hair.
the "handle" is called the
made with horse hair
hair can be tightened
The bigger/longer an instrument is, the the sound.
lower
The smaller/shorter an instrument is, the the sound.
higher
Violin
Parts of a
String Instrument
Viola
Cello
frog
]
tuning pegs
scroll
finger board
bridge
chin rest
used with all but the harp
The Bow
Double Bass
smallest & string instrument
highest
most recognized of the orchestral strings
slightly larger than the violin, meaning it has a

sound.
lower
held between the knees
uses an
that
reaches to the floor
instead of a
chin rest
end pin
only string instrument that must be played standing up
sometimes called an
bass, just bass or contrabass
upright
often used in jazz or blue grass ensembles
like the cello,
it uses an end pin
Harp
has
pedals
largest
orchestral
string
Full transcript