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Transcript of Persian Mythology
One of the other key themes in Persian mythology, was the idea of
. These were two deities that were destined to forever be enemies and were constantly fighting. One example is of the evil Daeva, Aka Manah and his
Vohu Manah. Aka Manah was the demon of sensual desire and/or lust. Vohu Manah was the personification of wisdom and protector of the animal world. These two ideas of lust and wisdom were thought to be total opposites therefore making Aka Manah and Vohu Manah
But where did it all start?
The ancient Persians believed Spenta Mainyu was the "Holy Spirit of creation." Though he was not believed to be the first God or the most important, they thought him to be the creator of mankind and the light and goodness brought to humans. His twin brother, Angra Mainyu was the personified version of darkness brought upon humans thus explaining why good and bad happened.
Many, if not all mythology based religions have a group of "leader" type deities. These are smaller groups of Gods that stand for good and usually portray vital necessities, personality traits that were admired, or natural occurrences that baffled the people worshiping these Gods. In Persian mythology there were the Amesha Spentas or, "the Divine Seven." This group was made up of
, the Goddess of immortality and plant life.
, the Goddess of the Earth, fertility, and the dead.
, the God of physical and moral order on Earth.
, the Goddess of perfection, life after death, and prosperity.
, the protector of the poor and God of desire.
, messenger God and God of obedience. And lastly
, God of wisdom and animals. In Persian mythology, these Gods acted almost as superheroes against the darkness that the world offered. They also greatly resemble the Gods of Olympus who's attributes were those that the Greeks greatly admired and/or respected.
The mythology and beliefs of a culture give us a way of seeing how ancient peoples thought and acted. For example, Greek mythology was much more of a dramatic play, Roman mythology demanded order and for the people to live a certain way of life, and Persian mythology seems to have been centered around how to distinguish between good and bad and what moral code to follow.
Persian Mythology splits up into various different categories depending on the time period and what cultures were influencing the Persian empire at the time. The most common theme throughout Persian Mythology is the separation of good and evil. At first, the higher ranked Gods were called Ahuras and the lesser ranked were called Daevas. As time went on it was written that the Ahuras were the major Gods who stood for good and the Daevas acted as demons who stood for chaos and destruction.