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Greek City-States

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by

Tim Endicott

on 9 December 2015

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Transcript of Greek City-States

Greek City States
Unit 4: HW
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unlike other civilizations
the Greeks formed separate city-states instead of an empire
the C-S used the geography of Greece to their advantage
mountains isolated/separated the C-S
each had own unique independence
the sea would link the C-S to each other and the outside world
trade
became a vital aspect of life. Greeks would trade olive oil, wine &
marble in return for metals and grains
- also gained ideas through
cultural diffusion
due to overpopulation, Greek colonies were established throughout the Medit. Sea
Greek C-S began to develop unique structure of 2 levels called
the polis
acropolis - "high city"
great temples to the gods
lower part:
walled main city (market, theater, homes, buildings)
between 700-500 BC Greek C-S transitioned through different types of government
1. Monarchy
2. Aristocracy
3. Oligarchy
MONARCHY:
government with a king/queen holds central power
C-S were originally controlled by separate kings - like Agamemnon
ARISTOCRACY
central power lies in the landholding elite
power shifted from kings to those who were defending them
Oligarchy
small, powerful elite business class controls power
as trade expanded, the business class rose and challenged landholding elite for power/control
also, a new military style changed social structures in Greece,

of unity among soldiers
PHALANX
created a strong sense
the
iron weapons replaced bronze
iron was cheaper - more accessible to middle class
armies grew with more foot soldiers
rectangular military formation that requires hours of drills and formations

gives the lower classes more status
Full transcript