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Individual level

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Jude Coleman

on 23 April 2015

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Transcript of Individual level

Figueroa's Framework
Individual Level
This level is involved with your own attitudes, values and beliefs.

What stereotypes and prejudices do you believe or hold?

What are your own perceptions of exercise, sport and physical activity.
Individual Level
Maslow's needs hierachy
Satisfaction, personal preferences
and human needs
We all have a need for oxygen, food, water and a constant body temperature.

For some people exercising is a necessity to stay healthy.
Eg. People with asthma take up swimming.
Physiological needs
Once all our physiological needs are met we become interested in finding safety and stability.

Exercise, sport and physical activity can give us structure and make us feel safe and protected.
Eg running becomes a part of a person's daily routine.
Safety needs
Love, affection and belongingness
Maslow believed that people don't like to be alone or alienated.

The sense of belonging that exercise, sport and physical activity can provide can offer the love and affection people seek.

Race, religion, physical characteristics, gender and class are social stereotypes that can have a major impact on a person's sense of belonging, love and affection.
Self esteem needs
We all seek a high level of respect from others and of ourselves.

Being excluded or included in a physical activity can have a major affect on an individual's self esteem and the respect shown by others.
Needs for Self-actualisation
Once all the other needs are met, everyone has a need to do and be what they 'were born to do'.

A musician is born to perform, an athlete is born to excel in their sport etc.

Lacking self actualisation is not always obvious.

Barriers in society can stop self actualisation
Individual Level
Satisfaction, personal preferences and human needs

Body image and self-concept

Genetic predisposition to exercise, sport and physical activity

Somatotype and body shape
Talent identification in sport

Personal beliefs, values and attitudes
Body image and self-concept
Body image is how you see your own body and how you feel about it.

Self-image or self-concept refer to the way you see your 'whole' self. Your body, who you are as a person, your intelligence and how well you fit into society.
Self-esteem is how you feel about yourself.
Body image and self-esteem can both deny and deliver you the opportunity to participate in exercise, sport or physical activity.

Positive body image and self-esteem
- maintain your body and belongingness
- maintain a healthy looking body

Negative body image and self-esteem
- stop you from wanting to participate
- believe you aren't good enough
Genetic predisposition
Are we born or made into athletes?

Do our genetics make us more likely to participate in exercise, sport or physical activity?
We cannot change our genetic make up.
Somatotype and body shape
Somatotype refers to the different shapes of the human body.

Ectomorph - slender, thin and tall (bones)
Mesomorph - muscular
Endomorph - fatty tissue
Talent Identification
Research suggests that a certain body shape can make you better suited for certain sports.
Personal beliefs, values and attitudes
Our own beliefs, values and attitudes towards exercise, sport and physical activity can have a major influence on whether or not we participate.

If we have the belief we can't play sport or run etc we are less likely to do so.
If we believe the effort it takes to participate isn't worth it, we won't.
Values are culturally prescribed criteria by which we evaluate people, beliefs, ideas, symbols and artefacts (Amezdroz, etal, 2010)

We assess our own behaviour and that of others based on these values.

The choice to participate in exercise, sport and physical activity and the choice of which sport or form of exercise or physical activity can be influenced by our values.

What values do you hold that have influenced your participation in dance?
Discussion Point
Male Vs Female activites eg – Netball – a male holds the belief that netball is a girly sport is less likely to engage in the activity thereby reducing their opportunity.
He must overcome this barrier “stereotype” to increase opportunity.
Is this why we chose Basketball?? Majority boys?
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