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APUSH

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by

Rawley Bingham

on 15 April 2010

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Transcript of APUSH

1862
U.S. Department of Agriculture set up without Cabinet status
1870s
A few States begin to inspect dairy products
1874
Georgia sets up the first State Department of Agriculture 1862-75
Change from hand power to horses characterizes the first American agricultural revolution
1865-75
Gang plows and sulky plows come into use
1868
Steam tractors are tried out
1869
Spring-tooth harrow for seedbed preparation appears
1870s
Silos and deep-well drilling come into use
1874
Glidden barbed wire patented; fencing of rangeland ends era of unrestricted, open-range grazing 1865-1900
Greenbackers and later Populists, representing debtors, fight deflation, high freight rates, and monopoly; these issues partly indicate a shift of power from agrarian to commercial interests after the Civil War
1869
Louis McMurray contracts with farmers near Frederick, MD for vegetables to be canned in his factory, the beginning of vertical integration
1873
Silver demonetized in so-called Crime of '73 economy technology government policy 1860
941 agricultural societies in the United States
1868
National Grange organized by Oliver H. Kelley
1871
National Grange sanctions cooperative enterprise
1873-76
Granger movement at its height
1874-80
Farmers' Alliance movement begins responses
1860
30,000 miles of railroad
1869
Illinois passes first designated "Grander" law regulating railroads; Union Pacific, first transcontinental railroad, completed
1870s
Refrigerator cars introduced, increasing national markets for fruits and vegetables 1880
William Deering puts 3,000 twine binders on the market
1881
Hybridized corn produced
1884-90
Horse-drawn combine used in Pacific coast wheat areas
1888
The first long haul shipment of a refrigerated freight car was made from California to New York
1890-95
Cream separators come into wide use
1890-99
Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer; 1,845,900 tons
1890s
Agriculture becomes increasingly mechanized and commercialized
1890
40-50 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels (5 acres) of wheat with gang plow, seeder, harrow, binder, thresher, wagons, and horses; 35-40 labor-hours required to produce 100 bushels (2 1/2 acres) of corn with 2-bottom gang plow, disk and peg-tooth harrow, and 2-row planter
1892
The first gasoline tractor was built by John Froelich 1880
160,500 miles of railroad 1880-96
Agricultural pressure groups gather strength
1882
Agricultural Wheel formed
1890
Ocala platform-- the National Alliance met, delegates supported direct election of U.S. Senators, lower tariff rates, a graduated income tax and a new banking system regulated by the federal government.
1891
Populist Party launched on national scale
1896
Height of Populist movement 1889
Department of Agriculture raised to Cabinet status
1890, 1891
Meat Inspection Acts
1897
Greater emphasis given to plant exploration and to the increase of agricultural production
1889
Farmers’ Alliance develops subtreasury plan 1900-09
Average annual consumption of commercial fertilizer 3,738,300 tons
1900-10
George Washington Carver of Tuskegee Institute finds new uses for peanuts, sweet potatoes, and soybeans, helping to diversify southern agriculture 1902
Farmers' Union started; American Society of Equity formed 1900-17
Federal Government's role in agriculture grows with passage of farm legislation
1906
Food and Drug Act; Meat Inspection Act # 7 Thesis: In the period after the Civil War technologies and economic changes improved the industrial and urban lifestyles. While this proved beneficial for some, farmers experienced price drops for their crops and high taxes to export them. By forming alliances and creating a movement farmers began to see agriculture become a major factor in politics, the economy and and eventually, benefitting from the profound new technologies.
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