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Native American vs. Puritan (American Lit.)
Transcript of Native American vs. Puritan (American Lit.)
The reason we use "Indian" as a term is because Columbus thought they reached India.
The politically correct term for the "American Indians" is Native Americans.
Why is this?
Because they were here first
They told their stories by speaking instead of writing.
Word of Mouth
It wasn't until Europeans came over when writing things down started.
When translating from the Native American Language, the wording wouldn't sound right.
The poetic nature of the story or poem is lost.
With any translation from any language will lose the emotion to it.
What Can You Learn from Native Americans?
They use animals and nature to teach important lessons such as: avoiding greed, telling the truth, etc.
All About Perspective
They used their stories
to express their view of the natural world.
Do you remember what a metaphor is?
Well Native American Literature uses metaphors throughout all their stories, so be on the look out for them.
Traditional or Ever-changing?
They actually adapt with the times and are open to change in their "traditions" and in their stories.
"Speech" or "Discourse"
More culturally sensitive term:
"origin myth" or "creation myth"
Four Functions of a Myth:
1. To awaken us to the mystery
and wonder of creation
2. To explain the working
of the natural world
Ex: Sun, tree, rock
3. To pass down the moral
and ethical codes
4. To teach--to guide
people in living
Show what is important to the tribe
State the people and place of origin
Describe what existed "before" creation
Explain the creation of things and WHO did the creating
A strong character takes
advantage of a weak character
until the end...might teach a
Coyote stands as one
of the first humans--he helped
prepare the earth for the
coming of humans
He is a guide--but constantly
tampers with the world...
He enjoys trickery, singing,
drinking, and seduction...embodies
a world appropriate for human imperfections.
Who else enjoys trickery?
Puritan Literature (1620-1750)
What's going on...
Examples of Puritan Literature?
How might these two types
of literature reveal the theme
How do Native American
Literature and Puritan Literature
compare? Contrast? (In terms of morality)