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Transcript of The Renaissance
The word renaissance means
The rebirth was of the ancient
Greek and Roman worlds
The Italian Renaissance, which spread to the rest of Europe, occurred between
1350 and 1550
Italy of the Renaissance was largely an
A secular, or
, viewpoint developed in this urban society as increasing wealth created new opportunities for material enjoyment.
The Renaissance was also an age when the
power of the Church declined
, and society
plagues and instability
of the Middle Ages.
person was capable of achievements in many areas of life.
For example, Leonardo da Vinci was a
The Italian States
The northern and central Italian city-states of
Milan, Venice, and Florence
played crucial roles in the Italian politics of the time.
They prospered from
Byzantine, Islamic, and Mediterranean
The wealthy city of Milan was located in the north at the
of the main
from Italian coastal cities to the Alpine passes.
After the last Visconti family ruler died in 1447,
conquered the city with a band of
– soldiers for hire.
He made himself
Duke of Milan
Like the Viscontis, Sforza built a strong centralized state with an efficient
that generated large revenues for the government.
Venice was a link between
from all over the world came there.
A small group of
ran the city to serve their interests.
Due to its trade empire, Venice was an
The republic of Florence dominated the
Cosimo de’ Medici
took control of Florence.
He, and later his grandson Lorenzo de’ Medici, dominated Florence when it was the cultural center of Italy.
The Artistic Impact:
Painters & Sculptors
Renaissance artists sought to
in their works so viewers would see the reality of what they were portraying.
fifteenth-century frescoes are considered the first masterpieces of early Renaissance art (1400–1490).
is a painting done on wet plaster with water-based paints.
Unlike the flat figures of medieval painting, Masaccio’s figures have depth because he used the
laws of perspective
to create the illusion of
of perspective became a signature of Renaissance painting.
The realistic portrayal of individual persons, especially the
, became one of the chief aims of Italian Renaissance art.
Famous Artists of the Renaissance
Leonardo Da Vinci
, but his goal was to create idealized forms to capture the
of nature and the individual.
modeled his figures on
Greek and Roman
Among his most famous works is the realistic, freestanding figure of
By age 25,
was recognized as one of Italy’s greatest painters.
His famous fresco,
School of Athens
, reveals a world of balance, harmony, and order–the underlying principles of classical art.
was an accomplished
sculptor, and architect
known for his great passion and energy.
His paintings on the ceiling of the
in Rome show the beauty of an idealized human being who reflects divine beauty.
created a new architecture based on Roman classical buildings.
Renaissance architects also sought to reflect a
He also pioneered the use of
for building structures
The Intellectual Impact:
Scholarship and Literature
was based on the
, the literary works of ancient Greece and Rome.
Humanists studied the subjects that are now known as the
poetry, philosophy, and history
(1400’s) did the most to foster humanism’s development.
He was known as the "
Father of Humanism
was another Humanist that questioned the Church
Renaissance writers wrote in
(local) language instead of Latin.
The Political Impact
is one of the most influential works on
in the western world.
It concerns how to
get and keep
Machiavelli argued the prince’s attitude toward power should be based on understanding that human nature is
A prince, therefore, should not act on
but on behalf of the
Machiavelli was among the first to abandon morality as the basis for analyzing political activity.
The end justifies the means
His views influenced political leaders who followed.
The Economic Impact
Renaissance ideas spread quickly all over Europe.
people improved their material conditions
people accumulated more luxury goods
The Intellectual Impact:
Science and Technology
: Developed the
(sun-centered) theory of the solar system.
: Perfected the
. Confirmed theories proposed by Copernicus. His studies of motion laid the foundations of
The discoveries of Copernicus and Galileo
the teachings of
This opposition led to charges of
by the Roman Catholic Church.
with movable type which allowed texts to be
Prior to this, books were
copied by hand
Most people are familiar with the following artists through the Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles.
The Sistine Chapel
"to be or not to be...dammit!"
His first telescope
The Solar System
Is it cold in here or is it just me?
Or New School?
The Last Supper