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Rise of the Nazi Party
Transcript of Rise of the Nazi Party
1919-1933 Hitler and the Nazi Ideology The German Workers' Party, National Socialist German Workers Party, Nazi Party Brought the Nazi Party to popularity.
With his vocal skills and persuasive speeches, he preached against the Jews, Marxists/Bolsheviks, and forwarded the Nazi Propaganda through public. Born in Branau am Inn, Austria on April 20, 1889
Parents: Alois Schikelgruber Hitler, and his third wife, Klara Poelzl.
- very attached with his mother, hated his father This party has had a variety of names. 'NAZI' is the abbreviated version. (NAtional SoZIalist).
German Workers Party: small nationalistic group of ideologists
formed in 1919 in Munich by Anton Drexler, Gottfried Feder, and Dietrach Eckart; demanded rights that would benefit the public
almost 50 members until Hitler came Karina Alfaro Alexis Haywood
Saralie Salomon Shazor Shahid Nazi Affairs Germany's economy collapsed in 1929, a great depression was on the country. Hitler saw this as a chance to unite German public and spread his ideas. Chancellor of Germany Hindenburg appointed Franz von Pepen, leader of conservative politicians, as Chancellor.
Von Pepen asked Hindenburg to nominate Hitler as Reich Chancellor on January 30, 1933.
Petition sent to Hindenburg in fear of Bolshevik revolution supporting Hitler also convinced him to appoint him.
Hindenburg reluctantly agrees and appoints Hitler as Chancellor.
The Nazi have successfully risen and taken control. Nazi Beliefs Nazi Journey to Power Hitler was an impressive, persuasive orator, a great speaker who could woe the public w/words. Nazi party in Reichstag Adolf Hitler's Life Story Attended school at Realschule in Linz, and he left school at 16 years old in October 1907 to go to Vienna to become a painter, but he was rejected by the Viennese Academy of Fine Arts which was run by Jews.
Formed pathological hatred for Jews and Marxists, liberalism, and the cosmopolitan Habsburg Monarchy.
World War I, joined the army in the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment; awarded twice for bravery.
Germany lost the war and whipped by the Versailles Treaty; Hitler was angry at Germany's defeat - Spy for the Reichswehr (German military organization), ordered to investigate this party.
- Saw the party's ideology was very much similar to his and after some interactions with some members, he was invited to join as a member and immediately accepted
- In April, 1920, Hitler suggested to change the name to the National Socialist German Workers Party. Important Nazi Terms and People NAZI: the political party that ruled in Germany 1933-1945, the National Socialist German Worker's Party The Great Coalition: the existing Gov't in Germany w/left and right wing conservative political parties before it collapsed and Nazi slowly took over Twenty-Five Points: first published propaganda of Nazi in February 1920: refused Versailles Treaty, and promoted Nationalism and unity. Heinrich Bruning: German conservative statesman who was Chancellor 1930-1932, appointed by Hindenburg. First Chancellor to use emergency decrees rather than laws passed by Reichstag; against Nazism. Paul von Hindenburg: German president who appointed Hitler as Chancellor Adolf Hitler: supreme mastermind behind all Nazi party beliefs, brought Nazi party to power, and used tactics and propaganda to get support from German public Stormtroopers (SA): (sometimes called Brownshirts) Hitler's private army to disrupt meetings of other political opponents and to protect him from revenge attacks; led by Heinrich Himmler Beer Hall Putsch in 1923: Hitler led Stormtroopers to a local Beer-Hall in Bavaria to disrupt a meeting between local government leaders; leaders were captured and Hitler/SS marched on to Bavarian War Ministry building, met by police and stopped.
Hitler was tried for 24 days, and then sentenced for 5 years.
In jail he wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle), writing National Socialist ideas, against liberalism, Jews, Bolshevism, and how to use propaganda efficiently, become the platform for the Nazi Party.
Released on December 20, 1924, serving only 9 months. Antisemitism: Practice of acting against Jews. Hitler and National Socialists blamed Jews for everything wrong happening to Germany. The Jews were everywhere, controlling everything, they were causing all the problems. They had to be removed and the Aryan race had to be the Supreme Race in Germany. Anti-Bolshevism/Anti-Communism: was believed that Jews were connected to the Russians and their communist beliefs. Therefore, the communist Russians were hated, also. Anti-Liberalism: Everything should go according to law and decree. Nothing should be twisted to fit needs. Any intrusion of laws would cause conflicts and tensions. Hitler used circumstance as an important factor in his speeches, such as the Great Depression in 1929 As he gave speeches at rallies and gatherings, more and more people started to become members of the Party Hitler wrote pamphlet "The Road to Resurgence" intended for top industrialists to gain sponsorships.
He convinced some industrialists to contribute funds so he could use in Nazi propaganda. He had used extremist propaganda, and once said that there was going to be a depression. In 1929, there was. People supported the Nazi party believing that he could solve the economic crash. Nazis gained few seats from 1925-1929.
In 1930, the Nazi vote increased from 810,000 to 6,409,000 (18.3% of total) and received 107 seats. Industrialists began to contribute liberally, trusting Hitler.
Hitler ran for president after receiving citizenship: on April 10, 1931; received 13,418,000 votes, but Hindenburg won receiving 19,359,650. Twenty Five Point Programme Basic programme of the National Socialist German Workers’ Party
The unity of all German-speaking peoples.
The abolition of the Treaty of Versailles.
Land and colonies to feed Germany’s population.
Only Germans can be citizens. No Jew can be a German citizen.
People in Germany who are not citizens must obey special laws for foreigners.
Only German citizens can vote, be employed or hold public office.
Citizens are entitled to a job and a decent standard of living. If this cannot be achieved, foreigners (with no rights as citizens) should be expelled.
No further immigration of non-German must be allowed. All foreigners who have come to Germany since 1914 must be expelled.
All citizens have equal rights and duties.
The first duty of a citizen is to work.
All payments to unemployed people should end.
All profits made by profiteers during the war must be shared.
Nationalisation of public industries*.
Large companies must share their profits.
Pensions must be improved.
Help for small shops and businesses; large department stores** must be closed down.
Property reform to give small farmers their land.
An all-out battle against criminals, profiteers, etc., who must be punished by death.
Reform of the law to make it more German.
Improve education so that all Germans can get a job.
Improve people’s health by making a law for people to do sport.
Abolition of the Army, and a new People’s Army in its place.
German newspapers must be free of foreign influence.
Freedom of religion.
Strong central government with unrestricted authority.
The Nazi Party Programme (24 February 1924)
* such as electricity and water. ** most department stores were owned by Jews.
Hitler disables any way conservatives can participate in government by July 1933
Abolished free trade unions; eliminated communists', Social Democrats' and Jews' political views, and sent opponents to concentration camps
Reichstag Fire on February 27 1933 gave Hitler the chance to build the foundations of a totalitarian one-party state
Special "Enable Laws" were forcefully passed through Reichstag, that would legalize the Nazi tactics. Rule under Hitler