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ToK 1st Six Weeks Seniors Schedule--4th, 6th and 8th periods

Jaggers, McNamara and Rodgers

Cathryne McNamara

on 25 October 2018

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Transcript of ToK 1st Six Weeks Seniors Schedule--4th, 6th and 8th periods

Day 1-A 8/20, B 8/21
Essential Question: Do our ways of knowing allow others and us to know?

ToK Diagram Illustration--Fill it in from inside out. Do you remember all the ways and areas of knowledge?

Share a "real-life situation" from personal summer moments or the world news and extrapolate a knowledge question from this; use knowledge question helpers list (left). Remember knowledge questions are open, about knowledge and expressed in general terms. What do we think about knowledge questions?

Conspiracy Survey on page 956 of http://hon3397p.wp.txstate.edu/files/2015/08/OliverWood.pdf and
Political Ideology Survey https://chartsme.com/
What do these say about knowledge? Personal versus shared knowledge? Presence or absence of principled knowledge? How our ways of knowing influence others' and our knowledge? Pros? Cons? Evidence? What counts as evidence? Does it matter if what we believe is true? (at home follow-up for those interested: https://www.ted.com/talks/david_pizarro_the_strange_politics_of_disgust)

FURTHER DISCUSSION: What can you say for and against sense perception, language, emotion, reason, intuition, memory, imagination and faith? Did IBO account for all or the most important ways--comprehensive or limited? Do these suggest we know a lot or a little, and what should we do? Do these more lead or mislead us--offer understanding or misunderstanding? What should we always remember about our ways of knowing? How we can best know in the world? What does this suggest about certainty?

Maybe more articles, like this (of from list on left): https://www.npr.org/sections/13.7/2018/01/12/577356257/science-says-that-to-fight-ignorance-we-must-start-by-admitting-our-own
or this: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/24/opinion/the-case-for-teaching-ignorance.html
What do they say for or against ToK?
Maybe use Blend to start discussion about the an(y) article(s).

Maybe start Last Year's Prompts (to left) and Best Essays (in shared folder)--what they say for ToK...and your future essays--Make a list of A-scoring qualities across these A-scoring essays.

HMWK: EE Supervisor Check-in by 8/31, EE due to ManageBAC and Blend Turnitin.com on 9/17 and all summer CAS entered, evidenced and reflected and evidenced by 9/4
Day Two-A 8/22, B 8/23
Essential Question: What are frameworks used to produce knowledge, and are they more similar or dissimilar across areas?

Continue/start with exemplar essays and compile A qualities and characteristics (in shared drive). Make a list of A-scoring qualities across these essays. What do these A-scoring essays share? What will you need to write?

Revisit syllabus and ToK Diagram (in shared folder)--knower<-->ways<--areas-->. Which way is most menacing for knowledge?
10% Participation/Discussion, 20% Journals on Paper or in Blend, 40% Essay(s), 20% Presentation, 10% CAS

In journal and using the math and generic knowledge framework models (see left and above), create a framework for religious systems and natural sciences--side by side in journal, one page each.

Then, T chart religion versus science for similarities and differences--think frameworks, things, people, language, ideas, motivations, context, applications and ways/methods involved for explaining and making claims.

Considering your Religious Knowledge Systems and Natural Sciences Frameworks, list some (say five) similarities and distinctions for these two areas?

Discussion: Are there any differences that anyone wants to challenge and why? Are they really differences? Are these areas more similar or dissimilar and in what ways? Which area of knowledge do you value more and why? Which one has offered us more understanding or misunderstanding?

video clip - (Mayim Bialik has her phd in neuroscience, and actor and outspoken about her religious beliefs and her views on science)




Maybe further examine religious and scientific systems (Prezi and PowerPoint). http://prezi.com/oq7tunf9_qbe/religious-systems/




HMWK: EE Supervisor Check-in by 8/31, EE due to ManageBAC and Blend Turnitin.com on 9/17 and all summer CAS entered, evidenced and reflected and evidenced by 9/4
Day Three-B 8/24 and A 8/27
Essential Question: Is science a method or a body of knowledge? How reliable is its claimed method(s)?

Recall the scientific method steps. Consider pros and cons of each, especially as per our ways of knowing.

Are there other ways and methods scientists use? What are their pros and cons.
Quick internet search--In what way(s) did these scientists discover?
Mendel – inheritance, Thomas Hunt Morgan – sex-linkage, Darwin – evolution, The Grants – finch evolution, Wegener – continental drift, Jenner – smallpox vaccine, Von Humboldt – biogeo of ecosystems, Roentgen – x-rays, Einstein – relativity, Torricelli – barometer, Leeuwenhoek – microscope, Jansky – radio astronomy, Mendeleev – periodicity, Kekule – benzene structure, Adams, LeVerrier, and Galle – Neptune, Watson & Crick – DNA

Should we consider how knowledge is constructed in science and in other areas? Do inquiry and evidence matter?

Maybe some of these articles or others in left list...








Cross compare with explanations found in poetry.

HMWK: EE Supervisor Check-in by 8/31, EE due to ManageBAC and Blend Turnitin.com on 9/17 and all summer CAS entered, evidenced and reflected and evidenced by 9/4
Day Four-B 8/28 and A 8/29
Essential Question: Does science attempt to falsify or confirm?

Share out other scientific methods. In what ways does science rely on emotion, reason, intuition, imagination, faith and memory?

Consider Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Astronomy, Geology, Oceanography, Palentology, Meteorology, Botony, Zoology, Genetics, and Medicine. How do natural sciences gain knowledge of the world? What counts as evidence, good explanation and best models? What makes this knowledge important?

Consider previous articles and other discussion questions and articles available in left list.

"How Science Works" reading




Consider a poet's method (https://www.poetryfoundation.org/poems/45479/when-i-heard-the-learnd-astronomer
and a historian's method and maybe other disciplinarians' methods (indigenous systems, religious systems, other art forms).


Assign and start History of Me Presentation in which you will be your own historian and autobiographical poet (due 9/25 and 9/26. (Continue with outline conferences--KQs and RLSs.)

HMWK: EE Supervisor Check-in by 8/31, EE due to ManageBAC and Blend Turnitin.com on 9/17 and all summer CAS entered, evidenced and reflected and evidenced by 9/4
Day Five-B 8/30 and A 8/31

Essential Questions: Can science explain all? How satisfactory are its explanations? Is scientific knowledge evolving?

Consider and discuss historical, philosophical, sociological and postmodern perspectives via "A Brief Overview of Science Studies" (handout in shared folder)--Popper, Kuhn, Lakatos, etc. For each section, highlight the two or three words that give the main gist for that person's perspective about what science is. With which theorist(s), do you most agree?

Peruse some current science stories, such as these. Maybe record some awesome and awful science somethings.

Top Science Stories and other Real-life Situations (Maybe substitute with other articles from left list.)






What do these news stories suggest about which science perspective is right and/or wrong i.e. which science theorist seems to be most accurate in his scientific knowledge theory? What do these stories suggest about science? Is science the method of acquiring knowledge or the body of knowledge itself? What issues or items facilitate or hinder scientific knowledge? Is science moving toward or away from truth? In what ways is it working well, and it what ways is it failing? Is science ethically minded?

How reliable are scientific claims? Reference appropriate scientific studies, theory, and theorists.

Revisit 10-point rubric scale.

HMWK: Notes for pages 50 through 61 Decoding Theory of Knowledge, start to consider/list unique, original, specific examples for your future essay, EE Supervisor Check-in by 8/31, EE due to ManageBAC and Blend Turnitin.com on 9/17 and all summer CAS entered, evidenced and reflected and evidenced by 9/4
Day Six-B 9/4 and A 9/5
Essential Question: What knowledge questions will always remain?

Mrs. Szabo and the EE Format

Finish considering exemplar essays, essay rubric and official ToK titles.

Review our broad knowledge questions (questions about knowledge): what counts as evidence for X, what makes a good explanation in subject Y, how do we judge which is the best model of Z, how can we be sure of W, what does theory T mean in the real world, how do we know whether is it right to do?

Create science knowledge questions from science videos or stories that highlight real-life situations. Words such as HYPOTHESIS, EXPERIMENTAL DATA, INTERPRETATION, ANOMALY, INDUCTION, CERTAINTY, UNCERTAINTY, BELIEF, and KNOWLEDGE.
Not a knowledge question: "How does the placebo effect work?"
Good knowledge question: "How could we establish that X is an 'active ingredient' in causing Y?"
Good knowledge question: "How can it be that scientific knowledge changes over time?"
Good knowledge question: "What is it about a scientific explanation that makes it convincing or
Good knowledge question: "To what extent can the sciences use mathematical techniques to make accurate predictions?"
Good knowledge question: "How can the physicist be sure of his or her conclusions given that they are based on hypothesis and experiment?"

Is there certainty in science? What are all the elements that keep us from or mess up science?

What knowledge questions remain?

Create knowledge questions for official ToK titles. *Assign essay outline/review past essays/develop knowledge questions--outline due 9/22 to Blend.

HMWK: Start to consider/list unique, original, specific examples for your future essay, EE due to ManageBAC and Blend Turnitin.com on 9/18 and all summer CAS entered, evidenced and reflected and evidenced by 9/4 and outline due 9/22 to Blend.
Day Seven-B 9/6 and A 9/7
Essential Question: What role does language play in the accumulation of scientific knowledge?

Create more knowledge questions for titles, for articles, etc. Share more science real-life situations and knowledge questions.

Knowledge Questions via Language--How does language ease or create knowledge problems in science? In what ways does science derive power from its language, and in what ways does language cause failures in science?--NYTimes article in shared folder, as well as peer review and retraction articles (to left or in days prior).

Do you agree with Neil Degrasse Tyson's statement? What does language have to do with knowledge in the sciences?

Answering the why are you here? How do you explain your origin? How scientific does it sound? Does your language and concepts relate more to another area of knowledge?

Is science in crisis, and if so for what reasons? http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/02/opinion/sunday/scientific-pride-and-prejudice.html?_r=0 and more articles listed to left

What are some currently unanswered questions in science? Why is this? http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/achenblog/wp/2014/01/29/5-big-unanswered-science-questions/


*Assign essay outline/review past essays/develop knowledge questions--outline due 9/22 to Blend.

Day Eight-A 9/10 and B 9/11
Essential Questions: Should we care about the factual accuracy of any proposition and the potential emotional, social or cognitive bias of any person's claim? Are some claims more certain than others, and how can you know?

Pseudoscience stuff--What differentiates the scientific from the non-scientific?

Outline work and quick teacher conferences about title, KQs, areas and RLSs. Avoid overused examples; see lists compiled from past subject reports.

HMWK: Start to consider/list unique, original, specific examples for your future essay, EE due to ManageBAC and Blend Turnitin.com on 9/17 and outline due 9/22 to Blend!
Day Nine-A 9/12 and B 9/13
Essential Question: How value, ethics and morality based is and should science be? Does scientific knowledge force ethical responsibility--about what and for whom?

Work on essay outline or Extended Essay or History of Me while viewing BBC's Horizon: Science Under Attack.


Maybe consider more specific examples--gene manipulation, climate change, vaccinations, evolution, stem cell research, nuclear power, cloning and maybe others, see document titled ToKsciencerightorwrong in folder. Again, see some articles listed to left.

Share some unethical science real life situations learned in class or elsewhere.

Should science be ethically minded? What are the connections between ethics and science?

Outline work and quick teacher conferences about title, KQs, areas and RLSs. Avoid overused examples; see lists compiled from past subject reports. See articles on left and right--so many possible FRESH references!

HMWK: EE due to ManageBAC and BLEND on 9/17 and outline due 9/22 to Blend! History of Me presentations at end of the six weeks, too!
Day 11-B 9/18 and A 9/19
Essential Question: What is history (great forces, geography, men, etc.), and why study it?

A Science to History Something: https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/sep/15/how-the-female-viking-warrior-was-written-out-of-history and https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2017/sep/18/battle-prejudice-warrior-women-ancient-amazons

Historiography reading and perspectives "The Study of History: What is the Past?"--Identify gist of each framework and discuss shortly which framework(s) seem(s) to have most influenced the history that you have learned.

Lies My Teacher Told Me
--Read first question and first section while making notes of claims with which you agree and disagree, stop and discuss all--the claims and the question, then jot specific notes and examples for each question. Continue through all.

Maybe Zinn's
A People's History of the United States

Consider ToK subject guide's statement: "History is a type of academic inquiry carried out by professional historians; the word must not be used synonymously with "the past". History is an academic discipline concerned with the study of the recorded traces of the human past; it is not the past itself, and historians are not all liars and “victors” in military conflicts; neither are they necessarily journalists or politicians or other people with a parochial axe to grind."

HMWK: ToK Outline due 9/22 to Blend! History of Me presentations at end of the six weeks, too!
Day 12-B 9/20 and A 9/21
Essential Question: What is history's method--technology, analysis, creation, bias, selection? What is the influence of context, subject, values, and judgment?

Outline due 9/22 to Blend

In journal, create spectrum of X happens at one end and student learns X at the other end. Fill in the middle with all variables. Consider people, places, and things, such as witnesses, technology, institutions, publications, politicians, editors, historians, primary sources, secondary sources, etc. Also, consider ways of knowing--sense perception, language, emotion, reason, intuition, imagination, memory, and faith and from /of whom.

Finish Lowen and maybe Zinn, and discuss more at large. What are our conclusions about the scope/applications, concepts/language, methodology/ways of knowing, historical development, and links to personal knowledge?

What is history--great persons, great forces, decline of greatness, progress toward future, cycle of recurring events, instilling nationalism/patriotism? Why study history? What history should we study? What should be the role of textbooks?


presentation work (Continue with outline conferences--KQs and RLSs.)

HMWK: presentation preparation and outline due 9/22 to Blend
Day 13-A 9/25 and B 9/26
Essential Question: Is history fact, fiction or distortion? How reliable is history--even our own? How do we best access the truth of someone or something?

HISTORY OF ME PRESENTATIONS--Through what language, method and or way can we best understand or know someone's history? the poem, the artifacts, the list?
How certain are the claims, justification, and evidence of science and history? What explanations and models are most satisfactory and why? Are they competitive with or different from the other areas?
Day 14-B 9/27
Essential Question: How reliable is history--even our own? How do we best access the truth of someone or something?

HISTORY OF ME PRESENTATIONS--Through what language, method and or way can we best understand or know someone's history? the poem, the artifacts, the list?

perhaps start
Precious Knowledge

Day 15-B 9/28 and A 10/2
Essential Question: How reliable is history--even our own? How do we best access the truth of someone or something?

HISTORY OF ME PRESENTATIONS----Through what language, method and or way can we best understand or know someone's history? the poem, the artifacts, the list? Can you even fully know yourself?

perhaps start
Precious Knowledge

A-scoring 2014 Samples
Day 10-B 9/14 and A 9/17
Essential Question: What are the fields, methods, theories, laws and limitations of human sciences?

Human Science subjects--Psychology, Economics, Sociology, and Anthropology

Consider a knowledge framework--scope/applications, concepts/language, methodologies/ways of knowing, historical development and links to personal knowledge for and across each area? See Physics example, and then choose one of the following for your framework focus (Religious Systems, Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, Psychology, Economics, History, Literature, Poetry, Visual Arts, Musical Arts)

What are some countering explanations and perspectives in the human sciences? What does this suggest for certainty?

Placebo effect?

What matters more (to whom)--indigenous systems, religious systems, natural sciences, human sciences, history and/or art?


Focus on essay's first sentences, knowledge questions, first area of knowledge, and first real life situation for essay outline--go for uniqueness and originality and freshness.

More ToK outline or Extended Essay or History of Me individual work...quick teacher conferences about title, KQs, areas and RLSs. Avoid overused examples; see lists compiled from past subject reports.

HMWK: EE due to ManageBAC and BLEND on 9/17 and outline due 9/22 to Blend! History of Me presentations at end of the six weeks, too!


































science discussion
Are we nearing the end of science? Is science in crisis? Is there certainty in science? Does science fail to persuade—if so, why? Does scientific explanation help or hurt other areas’ explanations? In what ways does science concern or console you—one more than the other? Is scientific knowledge worth more? What is lost, when science is valued more and vice versa? Is it easy to be scientifically literate--are you? Is science strengthening or suffering? Can we participate in each area of knowledge equally? Is interpretation influential in the same ways for all areas of knowledge? Are all areas of knowledge human constructed?











































A-scoring 2015 Samples
2017 Official ToK Prompts!
2018 are HERE!
1. There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge.
Seven examples of knowledge questions that could be addressed in the development of an essay on this title:
• On what basis can we decide whether a question is neutral or not?
• Does the unavoidable choice of words in a question make neutral questions unattainable?
• Do neutral questions/enquiries promote the acquisition of knowledge? Are there circumstances in which they might hinder knowledge acquisition?
• What values are embodied by the attempt to ask neutral questions?
• What does the nature of the questions asked in an area of knowledge tell us about that area of knowledge?
• How do various ways of knowing influence the types of question that can be asked?
• How do language, concepts and methodology affect the neutrality of questions asked within an area of knowledge?
Knowledge Question Helpers:
sense perception, language, emotion,
reason, intuition, imagination, memory,
faith, indigenous systems, religious systems,
math, natural sciences, human sciences,
history, arts, ethics, application, experts, authority, concepts, language, methods, evidence, truth, knowledge, fact, theory, belief, explanation, bias, selection, culture, models, context, expertise, experience, values, interpretation, understanding, justification, trust, point of view, convention, proof, certainty, accuracy, myth, reality, meaning, prediction, acceptance, generalization, rejection, doubt, create, helps, hurts, limits, expands, facilitates, evolving, influence, changing, affects, affords, agree, disagree, better, subjective, objective, reliable, strong, weak, specific, universal, reliable, concrete, abstract, discovered, invented, convincing, shared, personal
In summary, what is written here is only a framework to help examiners in their assessment. Examiners
should be responsive to other valid approaches, but, in each case, examiners should consider whether the
candidate has presented an appropriate and cogent analysis of knowledge questions in discussing
the title.
Consider whether the candidate has:
a. understood the title
b. understood the knowledge questions that are explicit and implicit in it, and/or linked the title to knowledge
questions that arise naturally from it
c. developed and supported a comprehensive and cogent point of view about the topic and appropriate
knowledge questions

3. To what extent are areas of knowledge shaped by their past? Consider with reference to two areas
of knowledge.
Knowledge questions that a candidate might identify in the course of the development of a response to the
title include:
 What exactly is meant by the past of an area of knowledge?
 How can the past of an area of knowledge influence its present form? What are the mechanisms that
permit this?
 If an area of knowledge is influenced by its past, does that mean that its present form could have
been different had things turned out differently in the past?
 If an area of knowledge is sensitive to its own past, to what extent can it said to be objective?
 If an area of knowledge is shaped by its own past, does that mean that it is more a reflection of
human social activity than a representation of the world?
 How extensive is the role of chance in the evolution of an area of knowledge?
 How can we know how an area of knowledge is shaped by its history?
 What are the implications for reliability of an area of knowledge that is shaped by its history?

4. “All knowledge depends on the recognition of patterns and anomalies.” Consider the extent to
which you agree with this claim with reference to two areas of knowledge.
Knowledge questions that a candidate might identify in the course of the development of a response to the
title include:
 Under what circumstances should patterns or anomalies take precedence in the construction of
 What forms do patterns assume in different areas of knowledge?
 What mechanisms do areas of knowledge adopt to deal with anomalies?
 Is there any knowledge that does not rely upon the apprehension of patterns?
 How sure do we need to be about a pattern before we accept it as a basis for knowledge?
 What roles do the ways of knowing play in the recognition of patterns and anomalies?
 How can we know if we are mistaken in our recognition of patterns or anomalies?
 Are patterns recognised in the world or imposed upon it?

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