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ToK 1st Six Weeks Seniors Schedule--4th, 5th, and 8th periods

McNamara and Phillips
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Cathryne McNamara

on 22 September 2016

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Transcript of ToK 1st Six Weeks Seniors Schedule--4th, 5th, and 8th periods

Day 1-A 8/22, B 8/23
Essential Question: Do our ways of knowing allow others and us to know?

starter: 1. Students asked to illustrate the TOK diagram
2. Ask them to write/share a "real life situation" from their summer, and extrapolate a knowledge issue/question from this.

What do you know? Activity-Divide students into groups by the various ways of knowing. What does this activity say about knowledge--some conclusions?

What can you say for and against sense perception, language, emotion, reason, intuition, memory, imagination, and faith? Did IBO account for all or the most important ways--comprehensive or limited? Do these suggest we know a lot or a little, and what should we do? What should we always remember about our ways of knowing?-----Discuss how we can best know.

An article: http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/01/americans-believe-in-science-just-not-its-findings/384937/
Another article: http://www.nytimes.com/2015/08/24/opinion/the-case-for-teaching-ignorance.html What do they say for or against ToK?
Use Canvas to start discussion about the article(s).

Last Year's Best Essays--what they say for ToK...and your future essays
Day Two-A 8/24, B 8/25
Essential Question: What are methods used to produce knowledge, and are they all equally reliable?

Finish "What do you know?" and the ways activity and discussion.

Read more exemplar essays and compile A qualities and characteristics.

Using the math knowledge framework model (see left), create a framework for religious systems and natural science--side by side in journal, one page each.

Chart religion versus science for similarities and differences as per framework--think things, people, language, ideas, motivations, context, applications and ways/methods involved for explaining and making claims. See math framework sample (left) for help. T chart similarities and differences of religion and science.

Share science and religious systems similarities and differences. Discussion: Are there any differences that anyone wants to challenge and why? Which area of knowledge do you value more and why?

Examine religious and scientific systems (Prezi and PowerPoint). http://prezi.com/oq7tunf9_qbe/religious-systems/

http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/02/150225114425.htm

http://www.dailyo.in/lifestyle/science-shastra-philosophy-reason-cosmos-carl-sagan-ayurveda/story/1/3471.html

Lesson in Shared Folder

EE is due to ManageBAC and Turnitin.com 9/19! All summer CAS due 9/28!
Day Three-B 8/26 and A 8/29
Essential Question: Is science a method or a body of knowledge?

Recall the scientific method steps? pros and cons

Are there other ways? pros and cons

Mendel – inheritance, Thomas Hunt Morgan – sex-linkage, Darwin – evolution, The Grants – finch evolution, Wegener – continental drift, Jenner – smallpox vaccine, Von Humboldt – biogeo of ecosystems, Roentgen – x-rays, Einstein – relativity, Torricelli – barometer, Leeuwenhoek – microscope, Jansky – radio astronomy, Mendeleev – periodicity, Kekule – benzene structure, Adams, LeVerrier, and Galle – Neptune, Watson & Crick – DNA

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/23/opinion/whats-behind-big-science-frauds.html

http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/09/13/493739074/50-years-ago-sugar-industry-quietly-paid-scientists-to-point-blame-at-fat

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/feb/07/scienctific-research-peer-review-reproducing-data

http://aeon.co/magazine/philosophy/are-retraction-wars-a-sign-that-science-is-broken/
Day Four-B 8/30 and A 8/31
Essential Question: Does science attempt to falsify or confirm?

Share out other methods.

Consider Physics, Chemistry, Biology, Astronomy, Geology, Oceanography, Palentology, Meteorology, Botony, Zoology, Genetics, and Medicine. How do natural sciences gain knowledge of the world? What counts as evidence, good explanation, and best models? What makes this knowledge important?

Consider previous articles and other discussion questions and articles available in left list.

http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/to-your-health/wp/2015/04/16/a-bunch-of-doctors-ask-columbia-university-to-cut-its-ties-with-dr-oz/

Should science be ethically minded? What are the connections between ethics and science?

Day Five-B 9/1 and A 9/2

Essential Question: Can science explain all? How satisfactory are its explanations?

Consider and discuss historical, philosophical, sociological, and postmodern perspectives via "A Brief Overview of Science Studies"--Popper, Kuhn, Lakatos, etc. For each section, highlight the two or three words that give the main gist for that person's perspective. With which theorist(s), do you most agree?

Top Science Stories and other Real-life Situations
http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/top-10-science-stories-2013/
http://discovermagazine.com/galleries/2013/dec/top-10-science-stories-of-2013
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/top-25-science-stories-2013-microbes-meteorites
http://www.wired.com/2013/12/top-stories-of-the-year-2013/

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/scientific-american-s-top-10-science-stories-of-2014/
https://www.sciencenews.org/editors-picks/2014-top-25
http://www.wired.com/2014/12/top-science-stories-2014/
http://www.popularmechanics.com/science/g1835/the-best-science-stories-2014/

http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/scientific-american-s-top-10-science-stories-of-20151/
http://www.sciencemag.org/news/2015/12/top-10-science-news-stories-2015
http://mentalfloss.com/article/72799/top-10-science-stories-2015
https://www.sciencenews.org/article/top-stories-2015-pluto-gene-editing-new-hominid-and-more
http://www.iflscience.com/editors-blog/2015s-best-scientific-discoveries-and-achievements/

http://www.usatoday.com/story/news/nation-now/2016/08/27/most-incredible-discoveries-week/89475034/

What do these stories suggest about which science perspective is right and/or wrong i.e. which science theorist seems to be most accurate in his scientific knowledge theory? What do these stories suggest about science? Is science the method of acquiring knowledge or the body of knowledge itself? What issues or items facilitate or hinder scientific knowledge? Is science moving us toward or away from truth? In what ways is it working well, and it what ways is it failing?

Journal: How reliable are scientific claims? Reference appropriate scientific studies, theory, and theorists.

Revisit rubric scale.

HMWK: Read and take notes for pages 50 through 61 Decoding Theory of Knowledge, and start to consider/list unique, original, specific examples for your future essay.

EE is due to ManageBAC and Turnitin.com 9/19! All summer CAS due 9/28!
Day Six-B 9/6 and A 9/7
Essential Question: How does science progress? Are there key historical developments? Is it all science?

Mrs. Szabo and the EE Format

Finish considering exemplar essays, essay rubric, and official ToK prompts.

Review our broad knowledge questions (questions about knowledge): what counts as evidence for X, what makes a good explanation in subject Y, how do we judge which is the best model of Z, how can we be sure of W, what does theory T mean in the real world, how do we know whether is it right to do?

Create science knowledge questions from videos or stories. Words such as HYPOTHESIS, EXPERIMENTAL DATA, INTERPRETATION, ANOMALY, INDUCTION, CERTAINTY, UNCERTAINTY, BELIEF, and KNOWLEDGE.
Not a knowledge question: "How does the placebo effect work?"
Good knowledge question: "How could we establish that X is an 'active ingredient' in causing Y?"
Good knowledge question: "How can it be that scientific knowledge changes over time?"
Good knowledge question: "What is it about a scientific explanation that makes it convincing or
unconvincing?"
Good knowledge question: "To what extent can the sciences use mathematical techniques to make accurate predictions?"
Good knowledge question: "How can the physicist be sure of his or her conclusions given that they are based on hypothesis and experiment?"

Is there certainty in science? What are all the elements that keep us from or mess up science?

What knowledge questions surround your chosen essay prompt?

EE is due to ManageBAC and Turnitin.com 9/19! All summer CAS due 9/28!
Day Seven-B 9/8 and A 9/9
Essential Question: What role does language play in the accumulation of scientific knowledge?

Check journal and reading notes. From reading notes, create more knowledge problems. Share real-life situations and knowledge problems.

Knowledge Questions via Language--How does language ease or create knowledge problems in Science?

NYTimes article in shared folder

Do you agree with Neil Degrasse Tyson's statement? What does language have to do with knowledge in the sciences?

Is science in crisis, and if so for what reasons? http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/02/opinion/sunday/scientific-pride-and-prejudice.html?_r=0 and articles listed to left

What are some currently unanswered questions in science? Why is this? http://www.washingtonpost.com/blogs/achenblog/wp/2014/01/29/5-big-unanswered-science-questions/

*Assign essay outline/review past essays/develop knowledge questions--due 9/23 to Turnitin.com.


















Day Eight-A 9/12 and B 9/13
Essential Question: How do social context and technology influence science? How do other areas of knowledge influence science--arts, math, religious systems, indigenous systems?

Answering the why are you here? your own and science's

Pseudoscience stuff--What differentiates the scientific from the non-scientific?











HMWK: Read and take notes for pages 62 through 71 from Decoding Theory of Knowledge.

EE is due to ManageBAC and Turnitin.com 9/19! All summer CAS due 9/28! Outline due to Turnitin.com 9/23!
Day Nine-A 9/14 and B 9/15
Essential Question: How value, ethics, and morality based is and should science be? Does scientific knowledge force ethical responsibility and for whom?

Work on essay outline or Extended Essay while viewing BBC's Horizon: Science Under Attack.

https://archive.org/details/ScienceUnderAttack
http://www.dailymotion.com/video/x1kaci9_bbc-horizon-2011-science-under-attack-pdtv-xvid_tech

To consider more specific examples--evolution, climate change, vacinations, stem cell research, nuclear power, cloning, and maybe others, see document titled ToKsciencerightorwrong in folder. Again, see some articles listed to left.



HMWK: EE is due to ManageBAC and Turnitin.com 9/19! All summer CAS due in ManageBAC 9/28! Outline due to Turnitin.com 9/23!
Day 11-B 9/20 and A 9/21
Essential Question: What is history (great forces, geography, men, etc.), and why study it?

Historiography reading and perspectives "The Study of History: What is the Past?"--Identify gist of each framework and discuss shortly which framework(s) seem(s) to have most influenced the history of that you have learned.

Lowen's
Lies My Teacher Told Me
--Read first question and first section while making notes of claims with which you agree and disagree, stop and discuss all--the claims and the question, then jot specific notes and examples for each question. Continue through all.

Zinn's
A People's History of the United States

Consider subject guide's: "History is a type of academic inquiry carried out by professional historians; the word must not be used synonymously with "the past". History is an academic discipline concerned with the study of the recorded traces of the human past; it is not the past itself, and historians are not all liars and “victors” in military conflicts; neither are they necessarily journalists or politicians or other people with a parochial axe to grind."

Assign a History of Me Presentation.
HMWK: presentation preparation and outline due 9/23 to Turnitin.com and all summer CAS due in ManageBAC 9/28
Day 12-B 9/22 and B 9/23
Essential Question: What is history's method--technology, analysis, creation, bias, selection? What is the influence of context, subject, values, and judgment?

OUTLINE DUE TO TURNITIN.COM 9/23

In journal, create spectrum of X happens at one end and student learns X at the other end. Fill in the middle with all variables. Consider people, places, and things, such as witnesses, technology, institutions, publications, politicians, editors, historians, primary sources, secondary sources, etc. Also, consider ways of knowing--sense perception, language, emotion, reason, intuition, imagination, memory, and faith and from /of whom.

Finish Lowen and Zinn, and discuss more at large. What are our conclusions about the scope/applications, concepts/language, methodology/ways of knowing, historical development, and links to personal knowledge?

What is history--great persons, great forces, decline of greatness, progress toward future, cycle of recurring events, instilling nationalism/patriotism? Why study history? What history should we study? What should be the role of textbooks?

presentation work if time allows

HMWK: presentation preparation and outline due 9/23 to Turnitin.com and all summer CAS due in ManageBAC 9/28
Day 13-A 9/26 and B 9/27
Essential Question: Is history fact, fiction, or distortion?

presentation work

Sign up for presentation day.

HMWK: presentation preparation and all summer CAS due in ManageBAC 9/28
How certain are the claims, justification, and evidence of science and history? What explanations and models are most satisfactory and why? Are they competitive with or different from the other areas?
Day 14-A 9/28 and B 9/29
Essential Question: How reliable is history--even our own? How do we best access the truth of someone or something?

HISTORY OF ME PRESENTATIONS--Which area's mediums offer best understanding of someone? the poem, the artifacts, the list?

HMWK: all summer CAS due in ManageBAC 9/28
Day 15-B 9/30 and A 10/3
Essential Question: How reliable is history--even our own? How do we best access the truth of someone or something?

HISTORY OF ME PRESENTATIONS----Which area's mediums offer best understanding of someone? the poem, the artifacts, the list? Can you even fully know yourself?

perhaps Precious Knowledge documentary


A-scoring 2014 Samples
Day 10-B 9/16 and A 9/19
Essential Question: What are the fields, methods, theories, laws, and limitations of human sciences?

Focus on first sentences, first knowledge question, second area of knowledge, and first real life situation for essay outline--go for uniqueness and originality.

Human Science subjects--Psychology, Economics, Sociology, and Anthropology

Consider a knowledge framework--scope/applications, concepts/language, methodologies/ways of knowing, historical development, and links to personal knowledge for and across each area? See Physics example, and then choose one of the following for your framework focus (Religious Systems, Mathematics, Biology, Chemistry, Psychology, Economics, History, Literature, Poetry, Visual Arts, Musical Arts)

What are some countering explanations and perspectives in the human sciences? What does this suggest for certainty?

Placebo effect?

What matters more--indigenous systems, religious systems, natural sciences, human sciences, history, and/or art?

More ToK outline or Extended Essay individual work...

HMWK: EE is due to ManageBAC and Turnitin.com 9/19! Outline due to Turnitin.com 9/23! All summer CAS due in ManageBAC 9/28!
science discussion
Are we nearing the end of science? Is science in crisis? Is there certainty in science? Does science fail to persuade—if so, why? Does scientific explanation help or hurt other areas’ explanations? In what ways does science concern or console you—one more than the other? Is scientific knowledge worth more? What is lost, when science is valued more and vice versa? Is it easy to be scientifically literate--are you? Can we participate in each area of knowledge equally? Is interpretation influential in the same ways for all areas of knowledge? Are all areas of knowledge human constructed?

Articles for Consideration
http://www.npr.org/sections/thetwo-way/2016/09/13/493739074/50-years-ago-sugar-industry-quietly-paid-scientists-to-point-blame-at-fat

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/03/13/opinion/sunday/should-all-research-papers-be-free.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/05/22/opinion/sunday/to-write-software-read-novels.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2016/07/04/opinion/there-is-no-scientific-method.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/06/07/opinion/a-crisis-at-the-edge-of-physics.html

http://www.slate.com/articles/health_and_science/science/2015/05/creationism_and_evolution_in_school_religious_students_can_t_learn_natural.html?wpsrc=fol_fb

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/05/23/opinion/whats-behind-big-science-frauds.html

http://www.newyorker.com/humor/borowitz-report/scientists-earth-endangered-by-new-strain-of-fact-resistant-humans

http://www.popsci.com/researchers-edit-genes-human-embryos-first-time?src=SOC&dom=tw

http://www.cnn.com/2015/04/17/world/gallery/science-sculpture-maths-art/

http://www.theguardian.com/society/2015/feb/25/first-full-body-transplant-two-years-away-surgeon-claim

http://www.salon.com/2015/02/25/science_explains_the_congnitive_biases_behind_anti_vaxxers/

http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2015/02/150212-pew-public-opinion-age-science/?sf7586590=1

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/22/us/ties-to-corporate-cash-for-climate-change-researcher-Wei-Hock-Soon.html?smprod=nytcore-iphone&smid=nytcore-iphone-share

http://www.nytimes.com/2015/02/22/opinion/sunday/the-reality-of-quantum-weirdness.html

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/feb/18/haruko-obokata-stap-cells-controversy-scientists-lie

http://www.theguardian.com/science/2015/feb/07/scienctific-research-peer-review-reproducing-data

http://aeon.co/magazine/philosophy/are-retraction-wars-a-sign-that-science-is-broken/

http://www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2015/01/americans-believe-in-science-just-not-its-findings/384937/


History Articles for Consideration
http://www.theguardian.com/education/commentisfree/2015/feb/18/oklahoma-ban-advanced-placement-history

http://www.democracyjournal.org/35/what-new-left-history-gave-us.php?page=all

http://www.csmonitor.com/World/Europe/2014/0831/In-Bosnia-s-schools-three-different-people-learn-three-different-histories

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/09/02/opinion/the-new-history-wars.html?emc=eta1

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/06/04/opinion/tiananmen-forgotten.html

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/05/23/opinion/egan-lost-in-the-past.html

http://moreintelligentlife.com/content/ideas/simon-reid-henry/when-years-are-celebs

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/03/28/world/americas/discoveries-challenge-beliefs-on-humans-arrival-in-the-americas.html?emc=eta1

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/02/26/opinion/abolitionist-or-terrorist.html

http://www.bbc.com/news/magazine-26048324

http://www.nytimes.com/2013/11/11/us/textbooks-reassess-kennedy-putting-camelot-under-siege.html

http://www.theatlantic.com/international/archive/2013/10/the-selective-amnesia-of-postwar-europe/280789/

http://www.theatlantic.com/personal/archive/2013/10/historys-greatest-monsters/280702/

http://www.nature.com/news/human-cycles-history-as-science-1.11078

http://www.newser.com/story/173679/ancient-egypt-sprang-up-faster-than-we-thought.html
A-scoring 2015 Samples
Knowledge Question Helpers:
sense perception, language, emotion,
reason, intuition, imagination, memory,
faith, indigenous systems, religious systems,
math, natural sciences, human sciences,
history, arts, ethics, application, experts, authority, concepts, language, methods, evidence, truth, knowledge, fact, theory, belief, explanation, bias, selection, culture, models, context, expertise, experience, values, interpretation, understanding, justification, trust, point of view, convention, proof, certainty, accuracy, myth, reality, meaning, prediction, acceptance, generalization, rejection, doubt, create, helps, hurts, limits, expands, facilitates, evolving, influence, changing, affects, affords, agree, disagree, better, subjective, objective, reliable, strong, weak, specific, universal, reliable, concrete, abstract, discovered, invented, convincing, shared, personal
2017 Official ToK Prompts!
FROM THE 2015 SUBJECT REPORT
1. There is no such thing as a neutral question. Evaluate this statement with reference to two areas of knowledge.
Seven examples of knowledge questions that could be addressed in the development of an essay on this title:
• On what basis can we decide whether a question is neutral or not?
• Does the unavoidable choice of words in a question make neutral questions unattainable?
• Do neutral questions/enquiries promote the acquisition of knowledge? Are there circumstances in which they might hinder knowledge acquisition?
• What values are embodied by the attempt to ask neutral questions?
• What does the nature of the questions asked in an area of knowledge tell us about that area of knowledge?
• How do various ways of knowing influence the types of question that can be asked?
• How do language, concepts and methodology affect the neutrality of questions asked within an area of knowledge?
In summary, what is written here is only a framework to help examiners in their assessment. Examiners
should be responsive to other valid approaches, but, in each case, examiners should consider whether the
candidate has presented an appropriate and cogent analysis of knowledge questions in discussing
the title.
Consider whether the candidate has:
a. understood the title
b. understood the knowledge questions that are explicit and implicit in it, and/or linked the title to knowledge
questions that arise naturally from it
c. developed and supported a comprehensive and cogent point of view about the topic and appropriate
knowledge questions

3. To what extent are areas of knowledge shaped by their past? Consider with reference to two areas
of knowledge.
Knowledge questions that a candidate might identify in the course of the development of a response to the
title include:
 What exactly is meant by the past of an area of knowledge?
 How can the past of an area of knowledge influence its present form? What are the mechanisms that
permit this?
 If an area of knowledge is influenced by its past, does that mean that its present form could have
been different had things turned out differently in the past?
 If an area of knowledge is sensitive to its own past, to what extent can it said to be objective?
 If an area of knowledge is shaped by its own past, does that mean that it is more a reflection of
human social activity than a representation of the world?
 How extensive is the role of chance in the evolution of an area of knowledge?
 How can we know how an area of knowledge is shaped by its history?
 What are the implications for reliability of an area of knowledge that is shaped by its history?

4. “All knowledge depends on the recognition of patterns and anomalies.” Consider the extent to
which you agree with this claim with reference to two areas of knowledge.
Knowledge questions that a candidate might identify in the course of the development of a response to the
title include:
 Under what circumstances should patterns or anomalies take precedence in the construction of
knowledge?
 What forms do patterns assume in different areas of knowledge?
 What mechanisms do areas of knowledge adopt to deal with anomalies?
 Is there any knowledge that does not rely upon the apprehension of patterns?
 How sure do we need to be about a pattern before we accept it as a basis for knowledge?
 What roles do the ways of knowing play in the recognition of patterns and anomalies?
 How can we know if we are mistaken in our recognition of patterns or anomalies?
 Are patterns recognised in the world or imposed upon it?
Full transcript