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Social 30-1 Kim II Sung Dictatorship Assignment
Transcript of Social 30-1 Kim II Sung Dictatorship Assignment
All contact was cut off between citizens and the rest of the world, namely the west. This promoted nationalism, and the idea that North Korea was so great and powerful that it did not need the influence or help of the rest of the world.
The traditional social classes in North Korea were abolished, as this would lessen opposition among citizens and promote collectivism.
Perks and rewards were given to those who were loyal to Kim II Sung and his government in order to promote government support. These rewards included a higher quantity and quality of food, and availability of better jobs. Those who suffered were labeled as non loyal to their country.
Rise to Power
Kim II Sung was part of the Soviet Union from 1940 to the end of WWII, controlling a military unit in the Soviet Army. He returned to Korea in 1945 when the country was divided in half as the soviets came to power in the north, and the southern part of the country became allied with the United States. He set up as chairman of the People's Committee of North Korea for a few years, eventually creating the Democratic People's Republic of Korea in 1948 naming himself premier. By advocating policies of militarization and industrialization Kim II Sung was elected as president in 1972.
Kim II Sung
Principles of Liberalism
Kim II Sung rejected the following principles of liberalism in order to pursue collectivism:
Everyone was indoctrinated to believe that they were always to act to benefit everyone. Personal gain was discouraged. An example would be that the economy was to be self reliant in the country, and so restrictions were set on business owners to stimulate and maintain the economy.
Kim II Sung also used propaganda to create animosity towards the United States, giving citizens a visible force to oppose. All media,including radio, tv, and newspapers had to be deemed legal or be operated by the government in order to abolish all chances of opposition to government enforced indoctrination. Free speech was completely abolished.
Kim II Sung set up an authoritarian government through forced oppression of the citizens of North Korea through the use of propaganda, nationalism, creation of a common enemy, and promotion of collectivism. The government retained this control by regulating the information that was allowed in and out of the borders, as well as who could leave and enter the country at all times.
Individual Rights and Freedoms
Under the control of Kim II Sung, citizens of North Korea had little to no individual rights or freedoms. Free speech, the right to religion, personal expression, self-interest, freedom of movement, and opposition were completely outlawed. Uniformity was promoted fully, while individuality was punishable. Individualism was forgotten, and collectivism taught. The government restricted all aspects of citizens lives in order to maintain complete control over the country.
The "Great Leader"
Force and terror were used massively by the government in order to ensure loyalty and unquestionable support. People accused of minor offenses were to undergo "reeducation" and were punished accordingly to their crime. Those who committed serious offenses were either executed or sent to a concentration camp. In order to show it's power the government would not only punish those who committed the offenses, but would also punish their entire family in order to send the message to never defy the government.
Individual Rights and Freedoms:
There were no individual right; no free speech, personal expression, religious practice, or self interest. Citizens were expected to follow the laws of the government without question because they were taught that it was for the benefit of everyone.
Rule of Law
Rule of law was not followed in North Korea, as the military was held above the law, while citizens were given unfair trials, terrorized and executed without explanation.
If I had been a citizen in North Korea during the reign of Kim II Sung I would not have supported his actions as leader. By separating North Korea away from the rest of the world it causes the country to fall behind in world events, advancements, and formation of allies. This leads to citizens not being educated or able to form knowledgeable ideologies or worldviews. I could not live in a country where all my individual rights were taken away in order to benefit the majority and provide a self sustained economy, because I believe a government that does not provide individual freedoms is harming the people more than helping them.
I do not believe that the actions of Kim II Sung at all reflected the will of the people, because he restricted everything that made them individuals. He sought to create an isolated country of uniformity that did not allow for any opposition or room for change. His restriction of rights and freedoms and use of force/terror harmed his citizens more than helped them, therefore not at all representing the will of the people, but instead oppressing them.
I do not believe that Kim II Sung acted at all to benefit the common good of the country, because his promotion of isolation and oppression kept the country from participating or advancing with the rest of the world. It created enemies in other countries rather than allies. He harmed millions of his own people, and this caused destruction to the nation rather than advancement.