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Roman Empire

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Alex Neihardt

on 3 June 2013

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Transcript of Roman Empire

The Tiber River Founding Government and Organization of Rome Downfall or Roman Society There is a myth of how this empire was founded. There were two brothers. Romulus and Remus. When they were born, the mother was not happy and cast the young twins into the river for the river god to take care of them. While they were traveling in reed baskets, they got caught in a tree. A she-wolf found the young boys and fed them. They were then rescued by a shepherd who cared for them until they grew up. After the shepherd and his wife died, Romulus and Remus decided to build an empire. Romulus wanted it on the hill where the shepherd's house stood but Remus wanted it somewhere else. Romulus got mad and murdered his brother. He felt so bad that he made the empire in the spot where his brother wanted it and called it Rome. How did a such great society fall? It happened over a period of four centuries.
There are many theories of the downfall. Roman Myths and Religion The Roman Empire Trade in Ancient Rome There were many trade posts in Rome, but one was the most important. This port was the Ostia port; it was only 15 miles from Rome. It was located at the mouth of the Tiber River. Theory one- Lead Poisoning Throughout Rome, pipes and metal pots where a commodity, but where mostly made of lead. Lead had a low melting point, was abundant, and easily malleable. It was ideal for making things. Even though the Romans where coating the lead objects with calcium carbonate, (It was supposed to protect the water or whatever else from the introduction of lead) it was soon found out that this wasn't so reliable. Soon the lead poising spread throughout Rome. Theory two- Decay Since Rome, towards it's downfall, got so
big, it got hard for the central leaders to control it. People who lived on the outskirts of the large empire of Rome began to adapt to the neighboring societies' customs, even some pastoral nomadic customs. This made these people, with new customs, want to change others' customs, and corruption became dominant. Theory three-Christianity This is like the decay, when Romans took on other beliefs and customs from other societies. When Christianity became apparent, the ruler let Christianity have a good life and do what they want. They set up churches and took power from the ruler. Christianity then blotted out old Roman religions. The Romans definitely used Religion to control the people.
For example they had a god of decisions, Janus, would "haunt"
you if you made poor decisions. Also if you disobeyed your superiors
you were promised eternal punishment in Hades or the Underworld. Theory four- Inflation When Rome got very large, money was a must, so it was natural for the rulers to make more. Since there was a plentiful amount already throughout society, and adding the new money,there is a lot of money available. This caused prices of things go up rapidly, then made the rulers tax the people more. This caused people to lose their profit, making the society fall apart and the money distribution unbalanced. The Tiber River SOME ROMAN BUILDINGS People went from Ostia to Carthage in North Africa and back along the river. People from France and Spain also came using the Tiber. When goods arrived, slaves would transfer them to barges where they would take the short journey to Rome. The Pantheon Arch of Caracalla Most of the gods were for basic things such as the hearth, sowing of grain, protecting a household, family, war, and craft. Though some are for more abstract things such as Cupid the god of falling in love, or Saturn the god of Time. Roman Baths Rome tried to make trade as easy as possible. They only used one type of currency. And the Colliseum Trade was very important for Rome; the empire got many goods from trade. Beef Corn Glassware Iron Lead Leather Marble Olive Oil Perfumes Purple Dye Silk Silver Spices Timber Tin Wine In Rome from 753 B.C to 509 B.c Rome was ruled by kings. Servius Tullius was the 6th king of Rome. Rome was a rich place and had a very strong military. When the old kings of Rome were kicked out of Rome, two leaders called Consuls were brought in to rule. Consuls were like what a governor is today except they ruled instead of gathering information. In 274 B.C the Romans have conquered all of Italy and the first Punic War has started. When a Greek city that was NOT part of Italy asked for help the Romans didn't know what to do. In the end the Romans sent there army to Sicily (the Greek City) . At the time the Romans were there Sicily was split in two. One side was the Greeks the other side the Carthaginians or the Punic's. The Carthaginians heard that the Romans were coming and they attacked the Romans but the Romans superior force overpowered them and ended up taking over the Punic's, so the Romans had won the first Punic war. Here are a few pictures. Rome had a social hierarchy with the kings and then the consuls at the top and laborers and slaves at the bottom. Rome was both an Imperial and Republic empire. The empirical time was ruled by kings and the republic time was ruled by the people just like America today. The republic declined in 120 B.C when private armies fought and Consuls no longer respected each other. The Romans were the first to make a Republic. After the Republic an empire formed and was ruled by a king. This was how the Roman Empire was governed and organized. They got these things from areas in Spain, France, the Middle East, and North Africa. Rome also traded with Britain. They gave Rome lead, woolen products, and tin for Roman wine, olive oil, pottery, and papyrus. Ok not quite The Roman Empire was located in most of Europe, North Africa, and some Asia. Sources http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/rome/p/blromerepgovt.htm (In the red) Downfall of Rome-http://ancienthistory.about.com/cs/romefallarticles/a/fallofrome.htm As you can see, the empire is focused mainly around the Mediterranean Sea. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Romulus_and_Remus Government and Organization- http://answers.ask.com/society/history/where_was_the_roman_empire_located Location of the Empire Trade Founding http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/ancient_rome_and_trade.htm One Famous cult was the Cult of Diana, the goddess of the hunt.
She is often depicted as a young girl with a chariot pulled by stags
and with many hunting wolves. Her main followers were young
women who took an oath never to be smitten with boys, though the oath was usually broken. One major religion was that of Christianity. It had its ups and downs such as them being small groups of prosecuted followers or Jesus being killed.
Originally the religion started out as a group of disciples. Then it spread from there but it was dangerous worshiping god, most found guilty of being christian were killed with extreme prejudice. Then Jesus was killed and much longer after that Christianity became the official religion of Rome. Saturn
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