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Transcript of Fables Introduction
animals? One that's filled with animals that have human qualities like us? Where they face everyday problems like we do? Well, why not take a FABLES look a t the world of.... What are fables? fable fable fable fable fable fable Fables are short stories that show a moral and teach a lesson, often with animals as characters. Stories are often humorous and entertaining Fable Traits Morals are usually spelled out at the end Usually have limited characters Have protagonists and antagonists in the story One of the animals/characters usually has a weakness being critiqued Have you ever heard the story "The Tortoise and the Hare" ? Well that's a fable.... The Hare challenged the Tortoise to a race, thinking that he could out run him.
Well, at the start of the race the hare sprinted out of sight leaving the tortoise behind. All of his running made him exhausted so he decided
to take a nap.
While the hare was resting the tortoise - at a fairly normal speed- walked past the hare. When the hare woke up, he saw the tortoise near the winning post and he couldn't run fast enough to save the race...
...leaving the tortoise with the winning cup. Moral: Slow and steady wins the race. What is a moral? A moral is a message or lesson to be learned from a story. Sometimes the moral is directly told to the reader at the end of the story, or the moral may be left to the readers to determine for themselves. A well known fable... "Lion and the Mouse" Moral: Notable AESOP In many of these tales animals speak and have human characteristics (*remember this when we start "Animal Farm"). A prolific writer from Greece. It's said he was a slave who was released after his writing became public. Did You Know? Hundreds of fables were composed in ancient India during the first millennium BC. Theodor Seuss Geisel A.K.A - Dr. Seuss American writer and cartoonist most widely known for his children's books Geisel's birthday, March 2, has been adopted as the annual date for National Read Across America Day Many of Geisel's books are thought to express his views on numerous social and political issues - all of which had many important morals. Do you remember this one? Numerous fables appearing under his name were gathered across the centuries, written in many languages, and use a storytelling tradition that continues to this day. A person's a person, no matter how small. ~Moral~ The moral is that if you ever use resources without making an effort to protect them then they will be destroyed forever. Dr. Seuss has stated that the character Yertle represented Adolf Hitler. In the story, Yertle takes control of the pond and the surrounding area which parallels Hitler's leadership in Germany and invasion of various parts of Europe. Morals Some examples you say? Fables are more than just words... Now that you have taken a look at fables, you know what they're really about... Modern researchers agree, the fable is one of the most enduring forms of folk literature spread abroad. Fables can be found in the literature of almost every country. ...so let's look at some of Aesop's fables! The Frog and the Ox
A young frog, amazed at the huge size of an ox, rushed to tell her father about the amazing ox. The father frog, trying to impress his child, puffed himself up to look like the ox. The young frog said it was much bigger. Again the father puffed himself up. The young frog insisted the monster was even bigger. The father puffed and puffed - and burst! The Stag at the Pool
A stag, gazing at his reflection in a pool, remarked, “What glorious antlers I have. But my legs are so skinny!” At that moment the stag heard a pack of hunters and hounds approaching. His long legs helped him flee into a thick wood, but his antlers became entangled in the branches. Struggle as he might, he was trapped - the hounds and hunters closed in. The Monkey and the Dolphin
A monkey fell from a ship and was rescued by a dolphin. The dolphin asked if he lived nearby. The monkey lied and said that he did. “Do you know Seriphos?” asked the dolphin. The monkey, thinking Seriphos was a person’s name, boasted that it was his best friend. As Seriphos was a town, the dolphin knew the monkey was lying, so he dove, leaving him to swim to shore. The Fox and the Old Lion
An old lion sent out word that he was ill and said that he would like the animals and birds to visit him. Most went but fox did not. Finally the lion sent for him, asking why he had not come to see him. The clever fox, remaining just outside of the cave, replied, “I had planned to, but I noticed that although many tracks led into your cave, none led out. Tell me, how did your visitors find their way out again?” The Cockerel and the Jewel
On a farm lived a fine young rooster. He liked to scratch about the hay in the farmyard where he found insects and titbits to eat. One day his claw flicked up a bright jewel that had fallen amongst the hay. The rooster tossed it aside, saying to himself, “A grain of golden corn would have been better.” The Lion and the Mouse
Once a lion trapped a mouse under it’s large paw. The mouse pleaded for it’s life, so the lion let it go. Later the lion became entangled in a hunter’s net and roared in distress. The mouse rushed to help. “You’re too small to help,” said the lion. But the mouse nibbled at the net until the lion was free. The Ant and the Grasshopper
In a field one summer's day, a Grasshopper was hopping about, chirping and singing to its heart's content. An Ant passed by, carrying with great difficulty an ear of corn he was taking to the nest.
"Why not come and chat with me," asked the Grasshopper, "instead of toiling in that way?"
"I am helping to store food for the winter," replied the Ant, "and recommend you to do the same."
"Why bother about winter?" said the Grasshopper, "We have plenty of food at present." But the Ant went on its way and continued its toil.
When the winter came the Grasshopper had no food and found itself dying of hunger, while it saw the ants distributing every day corn and grain from the stores they had collected in the summer. Please get your
choice book &
L.A. binder out.
Start reading! Now, choose
your best IDR
it, & turn in your
paper to our class
bin The Wind and the Sun
The wind and the sun argued over who was stronger. They saw a traveler and agreed that whoever could get the traveler’s coat off his body must be the stronger. The wind blew fiercely, but the harder it blew, the tighter the man clutched his coat. Then the sun beamed it’s warm rays until the man was so hot he took off his coat.