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End of the Middle Ages

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by

Marci Ward

on 24 September 2014

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Transcript of End of the Middle Ages

Age of Faith
End of the Middle Ages
Power of the Catholic Church
Reasons for the Church's Power:
"Gateway to God"
Canon law (church law)
Owned 1/3 of the land in Europe
Collected tithes (church taxes)
Center for learning- church officials were the only ones in Europe who could read or write

Monks devoted their lives to the Church, and were some of the few people in Europe that could read during the Middle Ages.
Two Christian Thinkers
St. Augustine (354-430)
Lived during the fall of Rome
Wrote that no earthly kingdom could last forever, only Heaven
Must put faith in God
St. Thomas Aquinas (1225-1274)
Summarized Christian beliefs in Summa Theologica
Said that Christians should also use logic and study ancient works like Aristotle, not just the Bible
The Crusades
Causes
Effects
Power of Catholic Church
Expansion of Islam into Jerusalem
Byzantines ask for help from W. Europe
Pope wanted to unify Christians
Promise of heaven
Cultural diffusion between Europe and the rest of the world
Increased trade between Europe and Middle East
Growth of intolerance- Jews blamed for Christian loss
End of Byzantine Empire
Loss of power of Catholic Church
Middle Ages Architecture
Romanesque style
800-1100AD
Gothic style
started in 1100AD
few windows
Pointed arches
Tall spires
flying buttresses
stained glass windows
round arches
Cathedrals were elaborate churches constructed in the Middle Ages, intended to show off the wealth and power of the Catholic Church.
thick stone walls
Medieval Art
Religious in nature
"Poor Man's Bible"- told stories from the Bible
Vibrant colors
Flat, cartoonish looking
Changes in England
Magna Carta (1215)
Catholic Church leaders and nobles protested against King John's taxes and abuses of power
First time ever that a king had to sign away some of his own powers
Protected rights of nobles to trial by jury, fair taxation, etc.
King John signing the Magna Carta at Runnymeade
Full transcript