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Transcript of The Northwest
the native americans
fighting over the
to keep their lands.
In the 1780's, there was a fight over the Native Americans in the Northwest Territory wanting to keep their lands. So they attacked many American settlements and several Native American groups joined together to oppose settlement. The federal government tried to force Native Americans in the territories to sell their lands and by 1790,the United States had succeeded in buying the native American lands in most of
Kentucky and in part of Tennessee, North of the Ohio River, Native Americans refused to sell.
A Struggle Over Lands
The Northwest Territory refers to the area that became the states of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan, Wisconsin and a portion of Minnesota.
A Series of Battles
In 1790, George Washington sent a small force to end the Native American attacks on settlers. Warriors led by Little Turtle of the Miami Nation and Blue Jacket of the Shawnees defeated the soldiers. The next year, Washington sent a larger force. This time, Little Turtle won an even bigger victory. More than 900 soldiers were killed or wounded. Then he turned to a Revolutionary War hero, General Anthony Wayne, to lead the forces against the Native Americans. Native Americans gathered for battle at a place where fallen trees covered the
ground. They thought the trees would cause trouble for Wayne and his soldiers. But in August 1794, Wayne won a major victory at the Battle of Fallen Timbers. That battle broke the the Native Americans hold on the Northwest. In the 1795
leaders of the defeated Native American nations gave up most of their lands from the Ohio River in the south to Lake Erie in the north.
By: Denise Edwards