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Lewin's leadership styles

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Agnes See En 施恩

on 26 August 2014

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Transcript of Lewin's leadership styles

Leadership styles
Definition of Lewin's leadership styles
- assumes that effective leaders acquire a
pattern of learned behavior

- Personal traits provide only a foundation for
leadership; real leaders are made through
education, training and life experiences

autocratic, democratic and laissez-faire
- people oriented
- encourages group discussion
- leaders promotes harmonious teamwork
- open and bidirectional communication
is used
Learning outcomes
Thank you!
- minimum leaders' participation
- no central direction or control
- aims to make everyone feels good
- greatly dependent on the quality of each
group member
- leader is either permissive to foster
freedom or inept at guiding the group
- may seem to accomplish little but it can
be the most effective style for the highly
professional and motivated groups
Application of Lewin's leadership styles
1. Define leadership
2. Define Lewin’s leadership style.
3. Explain the three major leadership styles by
Kurt Lewin
• Autocratic leadership style (Authoritarian)
• Democratic leadership style (Participative)
• Laissez-faire leadership style (Permissive)
4. Apply the leadership style to the clinical
5. Aware of the importance of using different
Lewin’s leadership styles in influencing people

Definitions of leadership
Leadership is the process of influencing people to
accomplish goals.
(Huber, 2014)

'Leadership is a process of influencing the behaviour of either an individual or a group, regardless of the reason, in an effort to achieve goals in a given situation.'
(Hersey & colleagues, 2013)
“If your actions inspire others to dream more, learn more, do more and become more, you are a leader.”
(John Quincy Adams)
Scenario 1:
Now, let say you are the nurse manager of a medical ward. You are convening a meeting to gather all the staff nurses in your ward to discuss and obtain their opinion on the ECG machine which is newly introduced to the ward. What leadership style is the most appropriate to be used in this situation?
Scenario 2:
Halfway of the meeting, there
is a code situation occurs
suddenly in your ward. You heard someone is shouting and there
is a patient attempting to
jump down from seventh
floor. What leadership
style you should use in
response to that


- necessary and useful in
crisis situations
eg: cardiac arrest

- eg: when the ward
sister is arranging
the monthly shift

not generally useful in highly structured organisation eg: a health care institution (Sullivan & Decker, 2005).
eg: midwives in labour room

The three leadership styles by Kurt Lewin
- Participants in the settings
may appreciate being
consulted but they may be
confused when confronted by
a wide range of opinions with
no clear way to reach a
decision (Clark, 2009).
- low productivity but high job satisfaction

- Anders and Hawkins (2004), it may take longer to produce results but the benefits derived and the levels of performance achieved > autocratic environment.
= authoritarian

The classic autocrat views subordinates as naturally indolents, without aspiration, irresponsible and in need of someone to direct efforts
(Anders & Hawkins, 2004)

- make decisions alone and unassisted
- tell what to do and how to do
- concerned with task accomplishment rather
than relationship
- exercise power through manipulation and
- self-centred, controlling, commanding,
resistant to change and lack of creactivity
- exhibit little trust
- creates low morale, low job contentment or
even undercover retaliation

Advantages: Limitations:
- Effective in emergency - Excessive workload
situations for the leader

- Easy to learn - Not suitable for
high skilled and
- Good for inexperienced motivated members
and unmotivated
members - Dependent on the
Democratic leadership style
Advantages: Limitations:
- Increases self-esteem - Indecisive

- Committed to change - Has to consider
- Positive environment aspect of the
Laissez-faire leadership style
Advantages: Limitations:
- Develop skills - out of control
rapidly situation

- Less conflict - Not widely used
among managers
- Lose interest and
- Creative sense of direction

- Produce little
Autocratic leadership style
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