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Indian Freedom European Freedom
Transcript of Indian Freedom European Freedom
European Views on Freedom, Religion, Authority, and Liberty
- NATIVE AMERICAN FREEDOM:
- MOST noted that many Native languages had no word for freedom, they had few clear or written laws, and that they were "too free" (Licentious)
-Most Europeans practiced some variety of government-sanctioned Christianity; thus, the animist Native Americans were viewed as sinful heathens
-Europeans emphasized obedience, be it of the King to God, men to laws and king, women and children to fathers, etc.
-Most Europeans felt that this meant knowing their place and staying within the confines of that position's restrictions and privileges
Analyzing Political Cartoons (practice on next slide)
1. List the objects and people you see in the cartoon.
2. Identify the caption or title (if there is one).
3. Locate identifying words, if there are any.
4. Record key numbers of dates, if there are any.
5. Decide and list which objects are symbols and what they represent.
6. Significant words? WHY?
7. Describe the ACTION taking place.
8. Explain how the words (if there are any) clarify the symbols.
9. Explain the overall message.
10. What groups would agree with the message and what groups would disagree?
Native Views on their Freedom, Religion, Authority, and Liberty
- Native Americans did not believe in personal property, did have small-scale slavery, resented being enslaved, expected each other to live up to accepted codes of behavior, and the well-being of the group was more important than that of the individual
- Native Americans traditionally had agreed upon codes of morality and behavior within their societies and practiced "animism," which is a general classification for nature/spirit worship
- Men and women generally had specific roles to fulfill, but society was not nearly as sexist and male-dominated as that of Europe (eg., the Iroquois)
- LIBERTY (what is this?)
- Native American societies tended to not have the same magnitude or number of restrictions as European ones
- However, they had to make sure to put the common god ahead of their personal gains
How do you think the European settlers will perceive the Native American practices of freedom, religion, authority, and liberty? WHY?
Theme of the Day:
Perception and Perspective (how did the Native Americans perceive themselves vs. how did the European colonists ultimately perceive them?)
1. Why will these differing perspectives be problematic?
2. Were these problematic results inevitable? WHY or WHY NOT?
- Read p. 20-27 (stop at "The Spanish Empire")
-Be prepared with questions
-Read the article by Calloway in Ch. 3 of purple "Interpretations" (p. 73-84)
Source of the Day:
With your discussion partner, discuss the article you read by Van Zandt. Compare notes on your findings and observations.
1. Time Frame
2. Point of View