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GEOGRAPHY FINAL REVIEW
Transcript of GEOGRAPHY FINAL REVIEW
WHAT ARE THE FIVE THEMES OF GEOGRAPHY?
AN EASY WAY TO REMEMBER IT IS BY USING
NVIRONMENT INTERACTION-THIS DESCRIBES HOW PEOPLE AFFECT THEIR ENVIRONMENT.
OVEMENT: EXPLAINS HOW AND WHY PEOPLE IDEAS & GOODS MOVE FROM ONE PLACE TO PLACE.
EGION: ARES OF THE EARTH'S SURFACE THAT HAVE SEVERAL COMMON CHARACTERISTICS, SUCH AS LAND, NATURAL RESOURCES OR POPULATION.
OCATION: A POSITION OF A PLACE ON
THE EARTH'S SURFACE.
: DESCRIBES THE CHARACTERISTICS OF A LOCATION THAT MAKE IT DIFFERENT.
2. 5 ELEMENTS OF A MAP
It tells you what information the map is showing.
: It explains the symbols, colors and lines on the map.
A measuring line that helps you figure the distance on the map.
It is a symbol that tells you about the cardinal directions are positioned (NSEW)
A smaller map set in the border of a larger one
Globes & Map: Advantages & Disadvantages
Represent true land shape, distances
: Cannot show detailed information
& difficult to carry
Show small things in
great detail.Display different types of information
such as population densitites or natural
resources, Easy to transport
Maps can distort or change the accuracy of shapes and distances
GPS ( Global Positioning System)
: A system that makes uses radio signals to determine the exact location of places on Earth.
GIS ( Geographic Information Systems)
; Computer hardware and software that gather, store and analyze geogrphic information and then display it on a screen
An imiginary line that seperates the Northern Hemisphere from the Southern Hemisphers
The Prime Meridian:
An imaginary line that seperates the Eastern Hemispher from the Western Hemisphere.
Imaginary circles that run east to west around the globe aka parallels.
Imaginary lines that rund south to north
A person,place or thing's aboslute location can be found when you use longitude and lattitude
A system that
enforces laws and institutions
in a region
5 Types of Geography
-A government where 1 person
or group holds all the political power.
- A government that is ruled by a king
- Government ruled by religious authority from God.
4. Representative Government (Republic
)- A government where the poltical power is in the hands of the people through elected representation.
The US in an example of a Representative
Government ( Republic)
. Parliamentary Government:
A place where power lies in a
body of citizens or a parliament
who can elect to represent them
There are 4 hemisphers of the earth ( Northern, Southern, Eastern, Western Hemisphers)
All occupations have "tools of the trade".
Geographers have tools as well. Here is a
review of the tools of a Geographer.
1. Protect it citizens. (
2. Provide infrastructure (
System in a country
3. Stimulate economic growth (
invest $ for the nation)
4. Provide social services-services for citizens (
medicare, welfare etc.etc
: More developed countries
robbing a less developed country for it's
In Africa, European countries robbed Africa of its
gold, diamonds and people and it's culture
A way of life of a group
of people who share similar beliefs &
of ideals or products between
The Silk Road: A path of
trade routes from Asia to Rome
where people traded ideas & products
Conflict in the Middle East
1. Israeli/Arab Conflict
2. Sri Lanka Civil War
4. Iraq War
5. Conflict between Turks & Kurds
6. Conflict in Afghanastan
Conflict: A strong disagreement between people, groups etc that often results in angry
arguments or fights.
In west Asia aka The Middle East there are 6
conflicts that have a large impact on that area.